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Wednesday, 25 June 2014

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " ALPHONSE EUGENE (AL) SMITH " WAS A MAJOR LEAGUE BASE BALL (MLB) PLAYER AND AN OUT FIELDER THIRD BASEMAN : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

                                      BLACK             SOCIAL           HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Alphonse Eugene (Al) Smith (February 7, 1928 – January 3, 2002) was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) player. An out fielder/third baseman, he played on four teams and twelve seasons, 1953 through 1964. In 1955, he led the American League (AL) in four categories: 154 games played, 725 plate appearances, 294 times on base, and 123 runs scored. Smith was an American League All-Star player in 1955 and 1960.
He played for the Cleveland Indians (1953–1957, 1964), Chicago White Sox (1958–1962), Baltimore Orioles (1963) and Boston Red Sox (1964). In 1993, Smith was enshrined in the Greater Akron Baseball Hall of Fame of Ohio. In 2003, he was chosen to be among the Indians, 100 Greatest Indians.

Biography

Smith, nicknamed "Fuzzy", was born in Kirkwood, Missouri, and attended Douglass High School in Webster Groves. As a high school star in St. Louis, Smith scored ten touchdowns in a school football game and was a Golden Gloves boxing champion.

Baseball career

In a 12-season career, Smith posted a .272 batting average with 1,458 hits, 167 home runs, 676 RBIs. he also had a .959 fielding average. A good, selective hitter, he compiled a .407 on-base percentage in 1955, his best season. He played six different positions during his career.
Smith started his baseball career in the Negro Leagues in 1947, joined the Cleveland Indians in 1949, and began his major league career with Cleveland in 1953. Along with his outstanding defense in left-field, he earned two All-Star Game selections, but is best remembered as the focal point of one of the most famous baseball photographs (see White Sox, below)

Cleveland Indians

An everyday player in 1954, Smith was a member of the Indians team that won a then-American League record 111 games. Batting from the leadoff spot, he responded with a .281 average, 101 runs, 186 hits, 11 home runs and 59 RBIs. He led off the world series against the New York Giants with a home run. In 1955, he hit .306 with 22 home runs and 77 RBIs.

Chicago White Sox

In December 1957, Smith was traded by Cleveland along with Early Wynn to the Chicago White Sox for Minnie Miñoso and Fred Hatfield, in a deal that was very unpopular among Chicago fans (Miñoso was "their guy"). He slumped in his first year with the White Sox to the point that eccentric owner Bill Veeck held an "Al Smith Night" to honor his outfielder. Anyone named Smith, Smythe, Schmidt, or Smithe was admitted free and given a button that said, "I'm a Smith and I'm for Al." On his big night, Smith went one-for-four, hitting into two easy outs with runners in scoring position, and dropped a fly ball that led to the Boston Red Sox's winning run. (Comiskey Park, August 26, 1959).

Gora's famous photograph of Smith
Smith would contribute enough to help his team win the American League pennant, its first in 40 years, en route to the 1959 World Series. It was during this series that Smith would enter baseball journalism history. In Game Two at Comiskey Park, Smith retreated to the left field wall in pursuit of a long drive hit by Charlie Neal of the Los Angeles Dodgers. As Smith watched the ball sail into the third row seats for a home run, a fan (Melvin Piehl, an executive for a motor-oil company) seated in the first row trying to catch the ball, accidentally tipped over his cup of beer, dousing Smith's head and face. Smith estimated that he signed photographs depicting that moment at least 200,000 times, and without making a cent on it. The photograph was taken by AP Chicago Tribune staff photographer John Raymond Gora, who died in 2003.
In 1960, Smith won the respect of the fans by hitting .315 (a career high) and making the league All-Star team. In 1961, he slugged 28 home runs, a career-high, which led the team. In 1962 he hit a solid .292 and again led the White Sox in home runs with 16. He was traded away at age 35.

Final seasons

Before the 1963 season, Smith was sent to the Baltimore Orioles along with Luis Aparicio in the same transaction that brought Hoyt Wilhelm,Dave NicholsonPete Ward and Ron Hansen to the White Sox. His last major league season was in 1964, when he divided his playing time between Cleveland and the Boston Red Sox.

Major League highlights

.272 lifetime batting average
1955: Led American League in with 154 games played, 123 runs scored, and 294 times on base, and 725 plate appearances
1959: American League Pennant (Chicago White Sox)
.959 fielding average
2-time American League All-Star (1955 & 1960)

Post-playing career

Following his baseball career, Smith became manager of the Chicago park district's baseball program, from 1966 through 1981. He also was the supervisor of recreation for the city of Ogden Park, Illinois and worked part-time as a community relations representative for the White Sox. Smith died in 2002, at the age of 73 in Hammond, Indiana.
In his 2010 Gold MineBill James compared Smith to contemporary player Melvin Mora, and wondered if Smith was still well-known enough to warrant a Wikipedia page. (Smith's page was created in 2006.)