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Sunday, 21 December 2014

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRO-COLOMBIAN " CARLOS VALDERRAMA " IS A FORMER PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALLER WHO PLAYED INTERNATIONAL FOOTBALL FOR COLUMBIA : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

BLACK        SOCIAL           HISTORY                                                                                                               Carlos Valderrama



Carlos Valderrama
Valderrama2010.JPG
Valderrama in 2010
Personal information
Full nameCarlos Alberto Valderrama Palacio
Date of birthSeptember 2, 1961 (age 53)
Place of birthSanta MartaColombia
Height1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)[1]
Playing positionMidfielder
Senior career*
YearsTeamApps(Gls)
1981–1984Unión Magdalena94(5)
1984Millonarios33(0)
1985–1988Deportivo Cali131(22)
1988–1991Montpellier77(4)
1991–1992Real Valladolid17(1)
1992–1993Independiente Medellín10(1)
1993–1995Junior82(5)
1996–1997Tampa Bay Mutiny43(7)
1996-1997→ Deportivo Cali (loan)19(4)
1998-1999Miami Fusion22(3)
1999–2001Tampa Bay Mutiny71(5)
2001–2002Colorado Rapids39(1)
Total619(54)
National team
1985–1998Colombia111(11)
Teams managed
2007Junior (assistant manager)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).

Carlos Alberto Valderrama Palacio (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkarlos alˈberto βaldeˈrama paˈlasjo];[2] born September 2, 1961 inSanta MartaColombia), also known as El Pibe ("The Kid") is a former Colombian football player. His distinctive blond hair, coupled with his flamboyant technique on the ball, made him one of Colombia's most recognizable footballers, and arguably, one of the most recognizable footballers around the globe historically.
Valderrama was a member of the Colombia national football team in the 1990s. Between 1985 and 1998 he representedColombia in 111 full internationals and scored 11 times, making him the most capped player in the country's history. Valderrama was known for the accuracy of his passing and assisting, his tactical brain which allowed him to have a strong presence without the necessity of running as much as it would be expected, his precise technique on the ball, and his clean assists.[3][4] Valderrama played a huge role during the golden era of Colombian football during the 1990s. In 2004, Valderrama was included in the FIFA 100, a list of "greatest living footballers" chosen by Pelé to celebrate the 100th anniversary of FIFA.
At the end of his career Valderrama played in Major League Soccer joining the league in its first season. The most recognisable player in the league at the time, he helped popularise the league during the 1990s and attract other foreign footballers to ply their trade in the league. To this day, he is an icon as one of the most decorated play makers to ever play in the MLS.[5][6][7][8]

Career

Valderrama began his career at Unión Magdalena of the Colombian First Division in 1981. He also played for Millonariosand Deportivo Cali before joining Montpellier of the French First Division in 1988. He then went on to play for Independiente Medellín and then Atlético Junior, for whom he won the Colombian championship in 1993 and 1995. In 1996, he went to the US to play for the Tampa Bay Mutiny (1996–97, 2000–01), Miami Fusion (1998–99), and Colorado Rapids (2001–02). While a member of the Mutiny, the team would sell Carlos Valderrama wigs at Tampa Stadium. In Major League Soccer, Valderrama scored relatively few goals (16) for a midfielder, but is the league's second all-time leader in assists (114) after Steve Ralston (121), a former teammate. In 2005, he was named to the MLS All-Time Best XI. He was also named one of the top players of the 20th century by Pelé in 1999.[9]

MLS career

Valderrama began his Major League Soccer career with the Tampa Bay Mutiny in the league's inaugural year of 1996, and won its first Most Valuable Player award. In 2000 Valderrama recorded the only 20+ assist season in MLS history—ending the season with 26—a record that remains intact today, and which MLS itself suggested was an "unbreakable" record in a 2012 article.[10] Valderrama remained in the league until 2002, playing for the Mutiny, Miami Fusion, and the Colorado Rapids in his eight-year American soccer career.[11]

Retirement as player

In February 2004, Valderrama ended his 22-year career in a tribute match at the Metropolitan stadium of Barranquilla, with some of the most important football players of South America, such as Diego MaradonaEnzo Francescoli and José Luis Chilavert.
Valderrama has since become assistant manager of Atlético Junior. On November 1, 2007, Valderrama accused a referee of corruption by waving cash in the face of Oscar Julian Ruiz when the official awarded a penalty to América de Cali. Junior lost the match 4–1, which ended the club's hopes of playoff qualification.[12]

Playing style

Although Valderrama was known for being a "classic number ten" player, as was typical of South American sides of that era, in reality, Valderrama was tactically speaking a deep lying play maker, which is a fundamentally different role than that of the traditional classic number ten player.[13] Valderrama's instantly striking features where, of course, his hair, but perhaps more importantly, his very quick and electric feet; his footwork was similar to that of much smaller and shorter players, which for a player of Valderrama's build and height is not a common physical feature. Although his passing ability was considered to be no lesser than the best European players of the time, it was his ability for shielding the ball that differentiated him from most of his peers; his ball retention ability was always the subject of praise, not only effective from a practical stand point, but also unique from an aesthetic stand point, which marked out Valderrama as an interesting player to watch.[14]
In that respect, Laurent Blanc who played with Valderrama in Montpellier, described Valderrama perhaps more accurately than anyone else, when he said “In the fast and furious European game he wasn’t always at his ease. He was a natural exponent of ‘toque’, keeping the ball moving. But he was so gifted that we could give him the ball when we didn’t know what else to do with it knowing he wouldn’t lose it… and often he would do things that most of us only dream about!”.[15] Most people tend to remember Valderrama mostly for his hair and then for his passing ability, but in reality his strongest attributes were his ball retention ability and his aesthetic value as an artistic entertainer, which Laurent Blanc described so concisely and yet so accurately.[16]
Valderrama's passing was highly accurate to the point where he held a consistent rate of assists and getting involved in plays that often related to goals. This also involved free kicks, whether supporting his teammates, or attempt on goal. His creativity made him very influential, to the point where he became a known legend throughout South America, and eventually throughout the world of football.[17][18][19]
Aside from his passing talents, Valderrama held very precise ball-control and dribbling abilities that was supported by quick reactions, and his disciplined mindset. This allowed him to perform impressive plays that have been highlighted throughout his career.[20][21][22] Overall, Valderrama had proven to be an extremely selfless player for both club, and nation.[23][24][25]
One of his most impressive moments, was during the 1990 FIFA World Cup last group stage match against Germany. In a game where Colombia needed at least a draw to survive into the next round, Pierre Littbarski scored what appeared to be the winning goal in the 88th minute. However, within the last seconds of extra time, Valderrama made a crucial pass to Freddy Rincon who equalized immediately and saved Colombia into the next round.[26]

Personal life

Valderrama is married and has three children.[citation needed] Valderrama was the only Colombian to feature in FIFA's 125 Top Living Football Players list in March 2004. He is currently a coach for a football academy called Clearwater Galactics [27] in Clearwater, Florida.

Honours

Club

Montpellier HSC
Atletico Junior
Tampa Bay Mutiny

Individual

Other recognition


A statue of Valderrama outside Estadio Eduardo Santos in Santa Marta.
Valderrama appeared on the cover of International Superstar Soccer Pro 98. In the Nintendo 64 version, he is referred to by his nickname, El Pibe. A 22-foot bronze statue of Valderrama, created by Colombian artist Amilkar Ariza, was erected outside Estadio Eduardo Santos in Valderrama's birthplace of Santa Marta in 2006. Valderrama has also received a Legend card in EA Sports' soccer game Fifa 15.[1]

Statistics

Club performanceLeagueCupTotal
SeasonClubLeagueAppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoals
ColombiaLeagueCupTotal
1981Unión Magdalena
1982
1983
1984Millonarios
1985Deportivo Cali
1986
1987
FranceLeagueCoupe de FranceTotal
1988–89MontpellierDivision 1241
1989–90181
1990–91352
SpainLeagueCopa del ReyTotal
1990–91Real ValladolidLa Liga171
ColombiaLeagueCupTotal
1992Independiente Medellín
1993Atlético Junior354
1994181
1995290
USALeagueOpen CupTotal
1996Tampa Bay MutinyMajor League Soccer23411245
199720310213
1998Miami FusionMajor League Soccer18210192
1999410041
1999Tampa Bay MutinyMajor League Soccer27320293
200032120341
200112110131
2001Colorado RapidsMajor League Soccer12000120
200227120291
2003000000
TotalColombia
France774
Spain171
USA1751610118517
Career total

International goals

Scores and results lists Colombia's goal tally first.[28]
[hide]#DateVenueOpponentScoreResultCompetition
1.1 July 1987Estadio Gigante de ArroyitoRosarioArgentina Bolivia
1–0
2–0
1987 Copa América
2.30 March 1988Estadio CentenarioArmeniaColombia Canada
2–0
3–0
Friendly
3.24 June 1989Miami Orange BowlMiamiUnited States United States
1–0
1–0
4.27 June 1989 Haiti
3–0
4–0
5.9 June 1990Stadio Renato Dall'AraBolognaItaly United Arab Emirates
2–0
2–0
1990 FIFA World Cup
6.22 July 1995Estadio Domingo BurgueñoMaldonadoUruguay United States
2–0
4–1
1995 Copa América
7.7 July 1996Estadio Metropolitano Roberto MeléndezBarranquillaColombia Uruguay
2–0
3–1
1998 FIFA World Cup qualification
8.20 August 1997 Bolivia
2–0
3–0
9.16 November 1997Estadio Alberto J. ArmandoBuenos AiresArgentina Argentina
1–0
1–1
10.23 May 1998Giants StadiumEast RutherfordUnited States Scotland
1–0
2–2
Friendly
11.31 May 1998WaldstadionFrankfurtGermany Germany
1–3
1–3