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Tuesday, 28 June 2016

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY - AFRICAN AMERICAN " SIMONE BILES " IS AN AMERICAN ARTISTIC GYMNAST AND IS THE THREE TIME WORLD ALL AROUND CHAMPION - GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

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Simone Biles
2016 Simone Biles gymnastics season
Simone Biles
— Gymnast —
Simone Biles at 2014 P&G Championship.jpg
Biles at the 2014 P&G Championships
Personal information
Full name Simone Arianne Biles
Country represented United States
Born March 14, 1997 (age 19)[1]
Columbus, Ohio
Residence Spring, Texas
Height 145 cm (4 ft 9 in)
Discipline Women's artistic gymnastics
Level Senior International Elite
Years on national team 2012 – present (US)
Gym World Champions Centre (current)[2]
Bannon's Gymnastix Inc. (2003–2014)
Head coach(es) Aimee Boorman
Choreographer Dominic Zito
Eponymous skills Floor exercise: double layout half out
Medal record[hide]
Event 1st 2nd 3rd
World Championships 10 2 2
Representing United States
World Championships
Gold medal – first place 2013 Antwerp All-Around
Gold medal – first place 2013 Antwerp Floor Exercise
Gold medal – first place 2014 Nanning Team
Gold medal – first place 2014 Nanning All-Around
Gold medal – first place 2014 Nanning Balance Beam
Gold medal – first place 2014 Nanning Floor Exercise
Gold medal – first place 2015 Glasgow Team
Gold medal – first place 2015 Glasgow All-Around
Gold medal – first place 2015 Glasgow Balance Beam
Gold medal – first place 2015 Glasgow Floor Exercise
Silver medal – second place 2013 Antwerp Vault
Silver medal – second place 2014 Nanning Vault
Bronze medal – third place 2013 Antwerp Balance Beam
Bronze medal – third place 2015 Glasgow Vault
Pacific Rim Championships
Gold medal – first place 2016 Everett Team
Gold medal – first place 2016 Everett All-Around
American Cup
Gold medal – first place 2015 Arlington All-Around
Silver medal – second place 2013 Worcester All-Around
U.S. National Championships
Gold medal – first place 2013 Hartford All-Around
Gold medal – first place 2014 Pittsburgh All-Around
Gold medal – first place 2014 Pittsburgh Floor Exercise
Gold medal – first place 2014 Pittsburgh Vault
Gold medal – first place 2015 Indianapolis All-Around
Gold medal – first place 2015 Indianapolis Balance Beam
Gold medal – first place 2015 Indianapolis Vault
Gold medal – first place 2016 St Louis All-Around
Gold medal – first place 2016 St Louis Balance Beam
Gold medal – first place 2016 St Louis Floor Exercise
Gold medal – first place 2016 St Louis Vault
Silver medal – second place 2013 Hartford Balance Beam
Silver medal – second place 2013 Hartford Floor Exercise
Silver medal – second place 2013 Hartford Uneven Bars
Silver medal – second place 2013 Hartford Vault
Silver medal – second place 2014 Pittsburgh Balance Beam
Silver medal – second place 2015 Indianapolis Floor Exercise
Simone Arianne Biles (born March 14, 1997)[3] is an American artistic gymnast. Biles is the three-time World all-around champion (2013–15), four-time United States national all-around champion (2013–16), three-time world floor champion (2013–15), two-time world balance beam champion (2014, 2015), and a member of the gold medal-winning American team at the 2014 and the 2015 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships.

Biles is the first African-American to be world all-around champion and the first woman to win three consecutive world all-around titles (contrary to popular belief, Svetlana Khorkina wasn't the first to achieve this feat, as she won in 1997, 2001 and 2003 but placed well out of the medals in 1999). Despite only three appearances, she is also the most decorated American female gymnast in World Championships history, with a total of fourteen medals, ten of them gold. With ten gold medals, Biles also holds the record for most gold medals won by a female gymnast in the history of the World Championships .[4]

Contents 
1 Personal life
2 Career
2.1 Junior
2.1.1 2011
2.1.2 2012
2.2 Senior
2.2.1 2013
2.2.2 2014
2.2.3 2015
2.2.4 2016
3 Competitive history
Personal life
Simone Arianne Biles was born on March 14, 1997 in Columbus, Ohio. Simone's grandparents, Ronald and Nellie Biles, adopted Simone and her sister Adria, who is also a gymnast. She has two brothers named Ronald and Adam. Biles graduated from high school in the summer of 2015. She spent all her secondary education as a homeschooler.[5]

Biles verbally committed to UCLA on August 4, 2014, announcing her decision on Twitter. She planned to defer enrollment until after the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.[6] On July 29, 2015, she announced that she would turn professional, forfeiting her NCAA eligibility.[7]

Career
Junior
2011
Biles began her career at the 2011 American Classic in Huntsville, Texas. She placed third all-around, first on vault and balance beam, fourth on floor exercise, and eighth on uneven bars. Later that month, Biles competed at the 2011 CoverGirl Classic in Chicago, Illinois, where she placed fifth on balance beam and floor exercise. She finished her first season at the 2011 Visa Championships in Saint Paul, Minnesota, where she tied for seventh on vault.[8]

2012
Biles' first meet of 2012 was again the American Classic in Huntsville, Texas, where she placed first all-around and on vault, tied for second on floor exercise, placed third on balance beam and fourth on uneven bars. She later competed at the 2012 Secret U.S. Classic in Chicago. She finished first all-around and on vault, second on floor exercise, and sixth on balance beam. In June, she made her second appearance at the Visa Championships, this time in St. Louis, Missouri. She finished third all-around, first on vault, and sixth on uneven bars, balance beam, and floor exercise.[8] After this performance, Biles was named to the United States Junior National Team.

Senior
2013
Biles' senior international debut was in March at the 2013 American Cup, an FIG World Cup event. She and Katelyn Ohashi were named as replacements for Elizabeth Price and 2012 Olympic gold medalist Kyla Ross, both of whom withdrew from the competition because of injuries.[9][10][11] Biles led for two rotations but finished second behind her teammate, Ohashi, after a fall off the beam.[12]

Biles immediately went on to compete at the 2013 City of Jesolo Trophy in Jesolo, Italy, where she took the all-around, vault, balance beam, and floor exercise titles in addition to contributing to the United States' team gold medal. She and the U.S. delegation then competed at an international tri-meet in Chemnitz, Germany, against teams from Germany and Romania. The U.S. again won the team gold. In addition, Biles won the vault, balance beam, and floor titles, but tied for second in the all-around behind Ross after a fall on the uneven bars.[8]

In July, Biles competed at the 2013 Secret U.S. Classic. She performed poorly, falling several times, and did not compete vault after tweaking her ankle on the floor exercise. Afterward, she was invited to a private camp with the national team coordinator, Marta Karolyi, and consulted a sports psychologist.[13] She went on to compete at the 2013 P&G Championships in August, where she was crowned the national all-around champion ahead of Ross. Biles also won silver on all four individual events.[8] After the P&G Championships, she was named to the Senior National Team and was invited to the qualifying camp for the 2013 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in Texas, where she was named to the World Championships team.

In October, Biles competed at the 2013 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in Antwerp, Belgium. She qualified first in the all-around, second to the vault final, sixth to the uneven bars final, fifth to the balance beam final, and first to the floor final, making her the first American gymnast to qualify to the all-around and all four event finals since Shannon Miller in 1991.[14] Biles competed cleanly during the women's individual all-around and won the competition with a score of 60.216, almost a point ahead of silver medalist Ross and almost a point and a half better than the bronze medalist, 2010 world all-around champion Mustafina.[15] Biles became the seventh American woman and the first African-American to win the world all-around title. In event finals, she won silver on the vault, behind defending world champion and Olympic silver medalist McKayla Maroney and ahead of 2008 Olympic gold medalist Hong Un Jong of North Korea; bronze on balance beam, behind Mustafina and Ross; and gold on the floor exercise, ahead of Italy's Vanessa Ferrari and Romania's Larisa Iordache. She finished fourth in the uneven bars final, behind China's Huang Huidan, Ross, and Mustafina.[16]

2014
Biles missed the start of season due to an aggravated shoulder injury, sitting out the 2014 AT&T American Cup and the 2014 Pacific Rim Championships.[17][18] Her 2014 debut finally came at the Secret U.S. Classic in Chicago. She won the all-around by a wide margin and also took first place on vault, beam (tied with Ross), and floor.[19] At the 2014 P&G Championships, Biles repeated as national all-around champion after two days of competition, finishing more than four points ahead of silver medalist Ross, despite a fall from the balance beam during her final routine of the meet. She won the gold on vault and floor, tied for the silver on balance beam with Alyssa Baumann, and finished fourth on the uneven bars.[8] She was once again named to the Senior National Team.

On September 17, Biles was selected to compete at the 2014 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in Nanning, China.[20] She dominated the preliminary round despite a major error on the uneven bars, qualifying in first place to the all-around, vault, beam, and floor finals, in addition to contributing to the U.S. team's first-place qualification into the team final. During the team final, Biles led the United States to its second consecutive world team championship, which they won over the second-place Chinese team by nearly seven points. In the all-around, Biles performed cleanly on all four events, bettering her bars score from qualifications by over a point, and won her second consecutive world all-around title ahead of two good friends, Ross and Iordache. Biles became the second American woman to repeat as world all-around champion, following Miller (1993 and 1994), and the first woman of any nationality to do so since Russia's Svetlana Khorkina (2001 and 2003).[16] She also received extra press when a video of her fleeing from a bee on the podium during the all-around award ceremony went viral.[21] Biles finished behind North Korea's Hong Un Jong in the vault competition, taking her second consecutive silver medal in that event, but went on to win the gold in the balance beam final ahead of China's Bai Yawen and the gold in the floor exercise final, again, ahead of Iordache. This brought her total of World Championship gold medals to six, the most ever by an American gymnast, surpassing Miller's five.[22] After the world championships, she was named one of ESPNW's Impact 25 and chosen as Sportswoman of the Year by the Women's Sports Foundation.[23][24]

2015
Biles competed at the 2015 AT&T American Cup at AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas on March 7. She placed first with a score of 62.299, 4.467 points ahead of second-place finisher U.S. teammate Mykayla Skinner. Later that month, Biles was nominated for the James E. Sullivan Award.[25] She ended the month at the 2015 City of Jesolo Trophy, winning the all-around title with 62.100.[26]

On July 25, she competed at the Secret U.S. Classic and finished first in the all-around, ahead of 2012 Olympic All-Around Champion Gabby Douglas and Maggie Nichols, with a score of 62.400. On the beam, she scored a 15.250 and took first on the event, ahead of 2012 Olympic Beam Bronze Medalist Aly Raisman and Douglas. She scored a 16.050 on the floor and claimed first on the event, 1.050 points ahead of Douglas and also ahead of Nichols and Bailie Key. She had a small hop on her Amanar vault and scored a 16.000. She then scored 15.150 on her second vault, to score an average of 15.575 and place first on the event, ahead of 2014 Worlds Vault Bronze Medalist and teammate Mykayla Skinner, who averaged 14.950. Biles ended on bars and scored a 15.100 to claim the all-around title. She placed fourth on the event behind 2014 Worlds teammate Madison Kocian, Douglas, and Key.[27]

On July 29, shortly after her performance at the U.S. Classic, Biles announced that she would be turning pro, thus forfeiting her chance to compete for the UCLA Bruins gymnastics team. She signed with Octagon, who also supports fellow American gymnast Aly Raisman and Olympic swimmer Michael Phelps. At the 2015 U.S. National Championships, Simone secured her third all-around national title, becoming only the second woman to ever do so, 23 years after Kim Zmeskal (1990, 1991, 1992).[28]

Biles, along with Douglas, Brenna Dowell, Kocian, Nichols, Raisman, and Skinner, was selected to represent the United States at the 2015 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in Glasgow, Scotland. Biles once again qualified in first place to the all-around, vault, beam, and floor finals. Her uneven bars score would have qualified her in 8th place to that final as well, but she was excluded, as per the rules, after teammates Kocian and Douglas qualified ahead of her. In team finals, she helped the United States team win their third consecutive gold medal at a World Championships event.[29] During the all-around final, Biles performed below her usual standard, taking a large hop on vault, landing out of bounds on floor (which she stated was a first[30]), and grasping the beam to prevent a fall. However, her final score of 60.399 was more than enough to secure the title with her largest margin of victory yet (over a point ahead of silver medalist, Gabby Douglas, and bronze medalist, Larisa Iordache).[31] With that victory, Biles became the first woman to win three consecutive all-around titles in World Gymnastics Championships history.[32] During day one of event finals, Biles competed on vault, taking bronze behind Maria Paseka (RUS) and Hong Un Jon (PRK). On day two, she competed on balance beam and floor exercise, retaining her world title on both events by large margins. This brought Biles' total World Championships medal count to 14, the most for any American, and total gold medal count to 10, the most for any woman in World Championships history.

As of November 11, 2015, she is a Nike sponsored athlete – announcing this news through Twitter.[33]

2016
Main article: 2016 Simone Biles gymnastics season
Biles goes into the 2016 season as a fourth-year senior and the reigning National champion. On December 17, 2015, USA Gymnastics announced that she would compete at the 2016 Pacific Rim Gymnastics Championships, in April 2016 in Everett, Washington.[34]

On March 2, 2016, she announced through Twitter that she would be appearing on popular television talk show The Ellen DeGeneres Show,[35] which is slated to air on March 7.[36]

At her first competition of the year, The Pacific Rim Championships, Simone came home with the all around title and had the highest score on vault (where she debuted a more difficult second vault), floor exercise (where she debuted a new floor routine), and balance beam. Additionally, the US came home with the team title by a wide margin. Simone did not compete in the event finals.

On June 4, Simone competed at the Secret US Classic, on the uneven bars and beam. She did not compete vault or floor exercise, in order to ensure she peaked by the Olympic Trials & Games. She achieved the highest score on beam, an astronomical 15.650, and also received a 15.1 on bars, good enough for 5th on the event.

In the following weeks, Simone Biles competed at the 2016 P&G Championships, for the women. Her high flying vault, and floor routines all received marks of at least sixteen all four times, and she received the national titles of both, respectively. On bars she did well, asides from missing one connection on the second night of competition, good enough, still for a 14.750 and an average of 14.925, just shy of a 15 average, and a bronze of the event. On beam she again did very well, with very minor struggles on Day 2, again winning another medal. She came home with the all around title by a wide margin of 3.9 points to Aly Raisman. Her 2 Day total was 125 points even, and an all around average of 62.5 points.

Competitive history
Year Event Team AA VT UB BB FX
2011 CoverGirl Classic (Junior) 5th 5th
Visa Championships (Junior) 14th 7th 22nd 10th 12th
2012 Secret U.S. Classic (Junior) 1st 1st 6th 2nd
Visa Championships (Junior) 3rd 1st 6th 6th 6th
2013 American Cup 2nd
City of Jesolo Trophy 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
USA-GER-ROM Tri-Meet 1st 2nd
Secret U.S. Classic 7th 8th
P&G Championships 1st 2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd
World Championships 1st 2nd 4th 3rd 1st
2014 Secret U.S. Classic 1st 1st 4th 1st 1st
P&G Championships 1st 1st 4th 2nd 1st
World Championships 1st 1st 2nd 1st 1st
2015 American Cup 1st
City of Jesolo Trophy 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
Secret U.S. Classic 1st 1st 4th 1st 1st
P&G Championships 1st 1st 5th 1st 2nd
World Championships 1st 1st 3rd 1st 1st
2016 Pacific Rim Championships 1st 1st
Secret U.S. Classic 5th 1st
P&G Championships 1st 1st 4th 1st 1st