Monday, 17 October 2016


                          BLACK  SOCIAL  HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Waris Dirie

Waris Dirie
واريس ديري
Waris Dirie - Bratislava 2010.png
Born 1965 (age 50–51)
Galkayo, Somalia
Ethnicity Somali
Occupation Model, social activists, author, actress, UN Special Ambassador (1997–2003)
Title Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur
Waris Dirie (Somali: Waris Diiriye, Arabic: واريس ديري‎‎) (born in 1965) is a Somali model, author, actress and social activist. From 1997 to 2003, she served as a UN Special Ambassador.

1 Early years
2 Career
3 Attack and disappearance
4 Personal life
5 Humanitarian work, awards and honours
6 Filmography and books
6.1 Films
6.2 Books
Early years
Waris was born into a nomadic family in 1965 in Galkayo, Somalia. At the age of thirteen, she fled to Mogadishu in order to escape an arranged marriage to a much older man. There, she briefly lived with an older sister and her family. Waris along with a few relatives later moved to London, where she resided with and worked for an uncle who had been appointed Somali ambassador. When his term in office ended, Waris remained in the city and held a job at a local McDonald's. She also began evening classes to learn English.[1][2]

By chance, Waris was discovered by photographer Terence Donovan, who helped secure for her the cover of the 1987 Pirelli Calendar. From there, her modeling career took off, appearing in advertisements for top brands such as Chanel, Levi's, L'Oréal and Revlon.[1][2]

In 1987, Waris played a minor role in the James Bond movie The Living Daylights. She also appeared on the runways of London, Milan, Paris and New York City, and in fashion magazines such as Elle, Glamour and Vogue. This was followed in 1995 by a BBC documentary entitled A Nomad in New York about her modeling career.[1][2]

In 1997, at the height of her modeling career, Waris spoke for the first time with Laura Ziv of the women's magazine Marie Claire about the female genital mutilation (FGM) that she had undergone as a child,[1][2] at the age of three along with her two sisters.[3] That same year, Waris became a UN ambassador for the abolition of FGM. She later paid her mother a visit in her native Somalia.[1][2]

In 1998, Waris authored her first book, Desert Flower, an autobiography that went on to become an international bestseller.[1] She later released other successful books including Desert Dawn, Letter To My Mother, and Desert Children, the latter of which was launched in tandem with a European campaign against FGM.

In 2009, a feature-length film based on Waris' book Desert Flower was released, with the Ethiopian supermodel Liya Kebede playing her.[4] The movie has so far been released in 20 countries including France, Spain, Israel, Greece, Poland and Brazil. In January 2010, it won the Bavarian Film Awards in Munich in the "Best Movie" category.[5] It was also nominated for a Film Award in Gold in the "Outstanding Feature Film" category at the German Film Awards, and won the Audience Award in the "Best European Film" category at the San Sebastián International Film Festival.[6]

In 2010, Waris was appointed Peace Ambassador for the Year of Peace and Security by the African Union.[7]

Attack and disappearance
In March 2004, Waris was attacked in her home in Vienna, Austria. Paulo Augusto, a 26-year-old Portuguese man, was held in custody after having apparently stalked her some 1,000 miles across Europe, eventually gaining access to her apartment by climbing through a neighbour's window. "She was so frightened and in shock that she let him in," a police spokesman said. Dirie apparently suffered minor injuries when her assailant threw her to the floor. The attacker then left in a taxi, only to return later on foot to smash one of the building's ground-floor windows. He was arrested when neighbours called the police,[8] and was later given a five-month suspended sentence by an Austrian court.[9] It was reported that the suspect had met Dirie six months earlier when his brother was working at her previous residence in Wales. He later broke into that home and stole items of her clothing.[10]

In another incident, during the early hours of Wednesday, March 5, 2008, Waris went missing for three days while staying in Brussels, Belgium. She was found alive on Friday, March 7, 2008, by a Brussels policeman.[9]

Personal life
Contrary to popular belief, Waris is not related to fellow Somali model Iman. In her book Desert Flower, Waris states that Iman's mother was good friends with her aunt, a relative with whom Waris once lived during her time in London.

In March 2005, Waris acquired Austrian citizenship.[11] Besides Vienna, she also lives in Gdańsk, Poland.[12]

Despite her work against female genital mutilation, she has had at least one of her sons circumcised:
“We had Aleeke circumcised in the hospital a day after he was born. This is very different from female genital mutilation; that should never even be called circumcision - it’s not. In males it’s done for medical reasons - to ensure cleanliness. I could hear Aleeke crying when they did it, but he stopped as soon as I held him. Despite my strong feelings about FGM, I knew it was the right thing to do. My son has a beautiful penis. It looks so good and so clean. The other day he told me he had to go to the bathroom. I said, ‘You can do that alone, you are a big boy now,’ but he wanted me to come and see him. His little penis was sticking up straight and clean. It was lovely to look at!”[13]

Humanitarian work, awards and honours
In 1997, Waris abandoned her modeling career to focus on her work against FGM. That same year, she was appointed the UN Special Ambassador for the Elimination of Female Genital Mutilation.[14][15] In 2002, she founded the Desert Flower Foundation in Vienna, Austria, an organization aimed at raising awareness regarding the dangers surrounding FGM. Waris followed that in January 2009 with the establishment of the PPR Foundation for Women’s Dignity and Rights’, an organization she founded along with French tycoon François-Henri Pinault (CEO of PPR) and his wife, Hollywood actress Salma Hayek.[16] Waris has also started the Desert Dawn Foundation, which raises money for schools and clinics in her native Somalia,[2] and supports the Zeitz Foundation, an organization focused on sustainable development and conservation.

Waris has received many prizes and awards for her humanitarian work and books including:[2]

Woman of the Year Award (2000) by Glamour magazine.[17]
Corine Award (2002) of the umbrella association of the German bookselling trade.[18]
Women's World Award (2004) from former President of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev.[19]
Bishop Óscar Romero Award (2005) by the Catholic Church.
Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur (2007) from former President of France, Nicolas Sarkozy.[20]
Prix des Générations (2007) by the World Demographic Association.[21]
Martin Buber Gold Medal from the Euriade Foundation (2008),[22] founded by Werner Janssen in 1981.
Gold medal of the President of the Republic of Italy (2010) for her achievements as a human rights activist.[23]
Filmography and books
The Living Daylights (1987)
Desert Flower (1998)
Desert Dawn (2004)
Desert Children (2005)
Letter to my mother (2007)
Schwarze Frau, weißes Land (2010)
Saving Safa (2014)