Thursday, 15 December 2016


                         BLACK  SOCIAL  HISTORY


SOCIAL  HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ethel D. Allen
Ethel D. Allen
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
In office
January 16, 1979 – October 31, 1979
Governor Dick Thornburgh
Preceded by Barton Fields
Succeeded by William Davis
Member of the Philadelphia City Council from the At-Large District
In office
January 5, 1976 – January 16, 1979
Preceded by Tom Foglietta
Succeeded by Joan Specter
Member of the Philadelphia City Council from the 5th District
In office
January 3, 1972 – January 5, 1976
Preceded by Thomas McIntosh
Succeeded by Cecil B. Moore
Personal details
Born May 8, 1929
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died December 16, 1981 (aged 52)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Political party Republican
Alma mater West Virginia State College
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Profession Doctor, Politician
Ethel D. Allen, D.O. (May 8, 1929 – December 16, 1981)[1] was an African-American Republican politician and physician who served in the Pennsylvania state cabinet as Secretary of the Commonwealth.

1 Early life and education
2 Professional career
3 Political career
3.1 Philadelphia City Council
3.2 Secretary of the Commonwealth
4 Later life

Early life and education
Allen was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She studied at West Virginia State College, where she majored in chemistry and biology with a minor in mathematics, and went on to earn her Doctor of Osteopathy from the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine in 1963.[2]

While her parents were active in local Democratic politics, Allen eventually became a Republican volunteer, working for a variety of campaigns, including that of Dwight Eisenhower in 1952. She would jokingly describe herself as a "B.F.R. - a black, female Republican, an entity as rare as a black elephant and just as smart."[3]

Professional career
As a self-described "ghetto practitioner," Allen worked in difficult and often dangerous circumstances in some of Philadelphia's poorest neighborhoods. At one point, she was lured to a false house call and found herself the target of a robbery. Four men had surrounded her, hoping to get drugs from her medical bag, but she escaped safely after wielding her gun and sending the would-be robbers running.[2]

Political career
Philadelphia City Council
Allen decided that the best way for her to combat the crime she saw as a practicing physician was to become more involved in politics. In 1971, she ran for Philadelphia City Council. That year, buoyed by a series of strong debate performances, she unseated incumbent Democratic Councilman Thomas McIntosh in the Fifth District. With her election, she became the first African-American woman to serve on city council.[1] During her tenure, Allen sponsored legislation that resulted in the creation of the Philadelphia Youth Commission to help address issues with urban gangs.[4]

In 1975, Allen decided to seek re-election to Council, but this time ran for one of Council's at-large seats. She won one of the two seats reserved for nonmembers of the majority Democratic Party, taking over the seat vacated by Tom Foglietta, who was the party's nominee for Mayor in that year's election. While on Council, Allen was known as a tough, outspoken politician, often clashing with Mayor Frank Rizzo and Council President George Schwartz.[1] As her local profile rose, so too did her national presence rise. At the 1976 Republican National Convention, Allen gave the seconding speech in support of President Gerald Ford's nomination.[2]

Secretary of the Commonwealth
In January 1979, incoming Governor Dick Thornburgh named Allen his choice for Secretary of the Commonwealth.[5] Allen had reportedly told city Republican leaders that she would turn-down Thornburgh's offer if they assured her that she would have an unobstructed path to the party's nomination for that year's Mayoral election; when she did not receive such assurances, she accepted Thornburgh's offer.[1]

In October of that year, Thornburgh's cabinet was rocked by several resignations. Two officials–the Secretary of Health and the Secretary of Labor–had resigned due to discomfort in government and an inability to work effectively with their colleagues. As a result of the increased scrutiny put on his cabinet, Thornburgh met with Allen to discuss allegations of absenteeism and impropriety that had been made against her. Allen was reportedly absent from her Harrisburg office for more than half of a 40-day period earlier that year, and had allegedly received honorariums for speeches that had been prepared by state employees. For her part, Allen asserted that her absences were necessary to effectively carry-out her duties, and that she had only used a state worker to merely help write two speeches for which she had earned a total of $1,000. These speeches, she asserted, represented only a small percentage of the number of speeches she had given since taking office.[1] Thornburgh, however asked Allen resign, and when she refused to do so, he fired her.[6] Two years earlier, Governor Milton Shapp had fired C. Delores Tucker, who was also serving as Secretary of the Commonwealth, for using public employees to assist in the preparation of speeches for which a fee was received.[7]

Later life
Allen's firing brought a significant backlash against Thornburgh from the African-American community and various civil rights groups. Some asserted that Allen was held to a different standard because of her skin color, gender, or both; others charged that the Governor's actions were politically motivated.[8]

Her dismissal from Thornburgh's cabinet brought an end to her political career. She would serve for just over one year as the Philadelphia School District's clinician with management responsibilities.[8] In December 1981, she died due to complications from double-bypass heart surgery.[1] While Allen never married and had no children,[1] her legacy as trailblazer survived her. She often encouraged African-Americans and women to seek political office; indeed, her friend Augusta Clark would later become the second African-American woman to serve on Philadelphia City Council, eventually becoming the Democratic Majority Whip.[8][9][10] The Philadelphia School District later renamed one of its elementary schools in her honor.