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Thursday, 24 April 2014

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN : " MACY GRAY " IS AN AMERICAN R&B AND SOUL SINGER, SONG WRITER, MUSICIAN, RECORD PRODUCER AND ACTRESS, KNOWN FOR HER DISTINCTIVE RASPY VOICE AND A SINGING STYLE HEAVILY INFLUENCED BY BILLIE HOLIDAY AND BETTY DAVIS : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

                                            BLACK                 SOCIAL            HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Macy Gray (born Natalie Renée McIntyre; Septembe[1] is an American R&B and soul singer-songwriter, musician, record producer, and actress, known for her distinctive raspy voice, and a singing style heavily influenced by Billie Holiday and Betty Davis.















































































































































































































r 6, 1969)
Gray has released six studio albums, and received five Grammy Award nominations, winning one. She has appeared in a number of films, including Training DaySpider-ManScary Movie 3Lackawanna BluesIdlewild and For Colored Girls. Gray is best known for her international hit single "I Try", taken from her multi-platinum debut album On How Life Is.

Early life and career


Gray in 1995
Macy Gray was born in Canton, Ohio, to Laura McIntyre, a math teacher, and Otis Jones. While attending the University of Southern California, she agreed to write songs for a friend, and a demo session was scheduled for the songs to be recorded by another singer.[2] When the vocalist failed to turn up, Gray recorded them herself. She then met writer/producer Joe Solo while working as a cashier in Beverly Hills.[3] Together, they wrote a large collection of songs and recorded them in Solo's studio. The demo tape landed Gray the opportunity to sing at jazz cafés in Los AngelesCalifornia.[4] Despite Gray's dislike of her own voice,[5] Atlantic Recordssigned her. She began recording her debut record but was dropped from the label upon the departure of her A&R man Tom Carolan, who signed her to the label.[6] In 1998, she landed a record deal with Epic Records.[7] She was on one of the songs from The Black Eyed Peasdebut album, "Love Won't Wait".[8]

Music career

On How Life Is (1999–2001)

Gray worked on her debut album in 1999 with producer Darryl Swann.[9] Released in the summer of 1999, On How Life Is became a worldwide smash.[10] Despite the first single "Do Something" stalling on the charts, the release of the second single "I Try" made the album a success for Gray.[11] "I Try" (which was originally featured in Love Jones and the Jennifer Aniston-starring vehicle, romantic-comedy Picture Perfect in 1997)[12]was one of the biggest singles of 1999,[13][14] and subsequent singles "Still" and "Why Didn't You Call Me" ensured the album becoming triple platinum in the U.S.,[15] quadruple platinum in the UK,[16] and triple platinum in Canada.[17]
In 2001, Gray won the Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for "I Try", which was also nominated for "Song of the Year" and "Record of the Year".[18] She then collaborated with Fatboy SlimThe Black Eyed Peas, and Slick Rick (on the song "The World Is Yours", from theRush Hour 2 soundtrack), as well as acting for the first time in the thriller Training Day.[19] In August 2001, Gray was booed off the field at the Pro Football Hall of Fame exhibition game after forgetting the lyrics to the American national anthem.[20]

The Id and The Trouble with Being Myself (2001–2005)


Gray visiting the Astrodome as a volunteer, in Houston, Texas, September 3, 2005
Gray's The Id featured appearances by John Frusciante and Erykah Badu on the single "Sweet Baby" (which was co-written with longtime collaborator Joe Solo).[21] The album peaked at number eleven on the Billboard 200.[22] Despite its failure in the U.S., it reached number one on the UK Albums Chart and was certified gold by the BPI.[23] The underperformance in the United States, compared to her debut album, may have been due to The Id being released just a week after the September 11, 2001 attacks.[24]
In 2002, she appeared in Spider-Man as herself and worked with Santana on the track "Amoré (Sexo)", for his album Shaman.[25][26]
Also in 2002, she appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation CD in tribute to Nigerian afropop pioneer Fela KutiRed Hot and Riot. She appeared on a remake track of Kuti's classic, "Water No Get Enemy" alongside prominent neo soulhip-hop and R&B artists,D'AngeloThe SoultronicsNile RodgersRoy Hargrove, and Kuti's son, Femi Kuti.[citation needed]
She recorded a duet with Zucchero called "Like The Sun (From Out Of Nowhere)", which featured Jeff Beck on guitar released in 2004 on Zu & Co., a duets collection.[27][28] Her song "Time of My Life" was included in the soundtrack to 8 Mile.[29] A cartoon based on Gray's childhood was being developed, but it never came to fruition.[9][26]
In 2003, Gray released her third studio album, The Trouble with Being Myself, to rave reviews.[citation needed] The lead single, "When I See You", became a radio hit in the U.S. and a top forty hit in the UK, although the album was not as well received by fans.[30] Nevertheless, it became Gray's third top twenty album in the UK.[31][32] A greatest hits collection and a live album were subsequently released: The Very Best of Macy Gray (2004) and Live in Las Vegas (2005). Additionally, Gray was featured on Marcus Miller's 2005 album Silver Rain, on a cover of Prince's 1986 song "Girls & Boys". She also appeared on the soundtrack to the film Chicago with Queen Latifah and Lil' Kim on "Cell Block Tango/He Had it Comin'."[33]

Return to music and Big (2007–2010)]


Gray performing in Toronto; July 23, 2008
Gray began 2007 badly after being kicked off-stage at a concert in Barbados for profanity (which was part of the show), but she was not aware that it was against the law in that country.[34] She gave a public apology that night to avoid arrest.[35]
In March, Gray released her fourth studio album (sixth overall), titled Big.[36] Two singles, "Finally Made Me Happy" and "Shoo Be Doo", have been released from the album.[35] "What I Gotta Do", another track from the album, is featured on the Shrek the Third soundtrack. It is considered Gray's comeback album, after a four-year hiatus since her last studio album.[37] The album was critically acclaimed and seen by some as her best work to date.[38] It featured collaborations with Natalie ColeFergieJustin Timberlake, and will.i.am, who was co-executive producer the album with Gray.
The album was moderately successful in the U.S., where it debuted and peaked at #39 on the Billboard 200, becoming Gray's highest-charting album since The Id.[39] Big reached #62 on the albums chart in the UK,[40] her lowest-charting UK album,[41] but it did achieve some success in several other countries, including Switzerland, the Czech Republic, and Finland, reaching the top forty of their album charts.[42]
PBS's Soundstage live concert series premiered a Gray concert on July 5.[43]

Gray performing at the Live Earth Brazil concert at Copacabana Beach, Rio de Janeiro on July 7, 2007.
On July 7, 2007, Gray performed at the Brazilian leg of Live Earth at Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[44] Gray and her band members wore clothes bearing political messages. Gray's dress carried the message "Darfur Red Alert".
In 2008, Macy launched a new campaign under the name Nemesis Jaxson, with the single, "Slap a Bitch".[45]
Macy was available again in another movie soundtrack (she is featured in more than 10 other soundtracks): Confessions of a Shopaholic, with the newest track "Don'Forget Me".[46]

The Sellout (2010–2011)

The first single from Gray's fifth studio album The Sellout, "Beauty in the World", is featured in the final sequence of the series finale, Hello Goodbye, of the ABC television series, Ugly Betty. "Beauty in the World" is also used as the theme in multiple videos created by Microsoft to promote Internet Explorer 9.[citation needed] Both singles released from the album ("Beauty in the World" and "Lately") are Top 10 hits on the U.S.Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs chart.[citation needed] On 16 February 2012 to participate in the Sanremo Festival as a guest, performing alongsideGigi D'Alessio and Loredana Berte with the song "At Least You in the Universe", in the English version titled "Flame".
Upon its release, The Sellout received generally mixed reviews from most music critics. Metacritic gave it an average score of 57, based on 15 reviews;[47] Andy Gill of The Independent gave it 3 out of 5 stars; while Allmusic writer John Bush shared a similar sentiment and panned Gray's songwriting.[48]
However, The Boston Globe's James Reed commended its production.[49] and Jeremy Allen of NME gave the album a 7/10 rating.[50]

Covered (2011–present)


Gray performs live on 54th Ljubljana Jazz Festival in Ljubljana, Slovenia on July 6th, 2013
In 2011, Gray signed a deal with 429 Records and started recording a series of covers for her next studio album Covered. The album was officially released on March 26, 2012. The album's first single is "Here Comes The Rain Again" (originally performed by Eurythmics).[51] On 16 February 2012, Gray participated in the Sanremo Festival as a guest, performing alongside Gigi D'Alessio and Loredana Berte.[citation needed]
For the 40th anniversary of the 1972 Stevie Wonder album Talking Book, Gray covered the entire record and released her "Talking Bookas a tribute.[52]

Other work

Gray appeared in the eighth season of Bravo's Celebrity Poker Showdown, playing for Habitat for Humanity. She finished in third place.[53]
In 2002, she was the voice for Seeiah Owens in the video game SSX Tricky.[54] That same year, she made a brief appearance in the filmSpider-Man as herself.[55]
Gray sang the theme song for the Nickelodeon animated series As Told by Ginger, composed by Jared Faber and Emily Kapnek.[56]
In August 2008, Gray headlined at the 2008 Summer Sundae music festival in Leicester, England, performing cover versions of Rod Stewart's "Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?", Deee-Lite's "Groove Is in the Heart" and Radiohead's "Creep".[57] For the gig, her band wore pink Andy Warhol wigs.[58]
On September 28, 2008, Gray sang the American national anthem as part of the Israeli flag-raising ceremony at the Israeli consulate of Los Angeles.[59][60]
In 2008, Gray collaborated with Australian DJ and singer Kaz James on the song "Can't Hold Back". The single was released in early 2009 in Australia and is credited to Kaz James featuring Macy Gray.[61]
In 2009, Gray competed in season 9 of Dancing with the Stars with professional partner Jonathan Roberts. They were eliminated in a double elimination in Week 1.
In 2012, Gray performed the Michael Jackson song "Rock with You" for a special performance of the West End musical Thriller – Live for BBC Children In Need Pop Goes the Musical.

Personal life

Gray opened up a music academy called The Macy Gray Music Academy in 2005.[62]
Gray was diagnosed as having bipolar disorder.[63][64]

Discography

Studio albums

Filmography

List of television, videogame and films credits
YearTitleRoleNotes
2000Ally McBealHerself"Hope and Glory" (Season 3, Episode 20)
2000—2001Saturday Night LiveHerself"Freddie Prinze, Jr./Macy Gray" (Season 25, Episode 10)
"Drew Barrymore/Macy Gray" (Season 27, Episode 3)
2001SSX TrickySeeiah Owens (voice)Video game
2001Training DaySandman's Woman
2002MDsJess"Wing and a Prayer" (Season 1, Episode 7)
2002Spider-ManHerselfCameo
2003Scary Movie 3HerselfCameo
2003Gang of RosesAssassin
2003When I Was a GirlHerself"Singers " (Season 1, Episode 11)
2004Around the World in 80 DaysSleepy Frenchwoman
2004Lightning in a BottleHerselfCameo
2004American DreamsCarla Thomas"Real-to-Reel" (episode 12, season 2)
2004That's So RavenRhonda"Taken to the Cleaners" (Season 3, episode 4)
2004Blue's CluesHerself"Bluestock" (Season 6, Episode 9)
2005Lackawanna BluesPaulineTV movie
2005The Crow: Wicked PrayerCarman
2005ShadowboxerNeisha
2005DominoLashandra Davis
2005Duck DodgersDiva (voice)"Diva Delivery/Castle High" (Season 2, Episode 10)
2005American Dragon: Jake LongTrixie's Grandmother/Miss Jenkinks (voice)"Act 4, Scene 15" (Season 1, Episode 5)
"Professor Rotwood's Thesis" (Season 1, Episode 8)
20051-800-MissingCleo"A Death in the Family" (Season 3, Episode 13)
2006IdlewildTaffy
2007Macy Gray's Big SpecialHerself
2009Dancing with the StarsHerself/ContestantSeason 9
2009Head CaseHerself"The Wedding Ringer" (Season 3, Episode 1)
2010For Colored GirlsRose/Lady in PinkBlack Reel Award for Best Ensemble
2012PercentageMama CashPost-production
2012The PaperboyAnita Chester
2013Mama Black WidowHattie MaeAnnounced

Awards and nominations

Gray won five of seventeen nominations, including Grammy AwardsMTV Video Music Awards and BRIT Awards.
YearRecipientAwardResult
2000Macy GrayBRIT Award for Best International FemaleWon
BRIT Award for Best International Breakthrough ActWon
Grammy Award for Best New ArtistNominated
On How Life IsSoul Train Music Award for Best R&B/Soul Album, FemaleNominated
"Do Something"Grammy Award for Best Female R&B Vocal PerformanceNominated
MTV Video Music Award for Best ChoreographyNominated
"I Try"MTV Video Music Award for Best New ArtistWon
MTV Video Music Award for Best Female VideoNominated
MTV Video Music Award for Best Art DirectionNominated
2001Grammy Award for Song of the YearNominated
Grammy Award for Record of the YearNominated
Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal PerformanceWon
"Geto Heaven Remix T.S.O.I. (The Sound of Illadelph)"MTV Video Music Award for Breakthrough VideoNominated
"Request Line"MTV Video Music Award for Best Hip-Hop VideoNominated
Billboard Award for Best Rap/Hip-Hop Clip of the YearNominated
Billboard Award for Best Direction in VideoNominated
2006Lackawanna BluesNAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Television Movie, Mini-Series or Dramatic SpecialNominated
2011For Colored GirlsBlack Reel Award for Best EnsembleWon
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Eminem
MTV Video Music Award for Best New Artist for "I Try"
2000
Succeeded by
Alicia Keys
Preceded by
Natalie Imbruglia
BRIT Award for Best International Female
2000
Succeeded by
Madonna
Preceded by
Natalie Imbruglia
BRIT Award for Best International Breakthrough Act
2000
Succeeded by
Kelis
Preceded by
"I Will Remember You (Live)" by Sarah McLachlan
Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for "I Try"
2001
Succeeded by
"I'm like a Bird" by Nelly Furtado