Google+ Badge BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY

Friday, 25 July 2014

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " THOMAS R. HAWKINS " WAS A UNION SOLDIER DURING THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAS AND A RECIPENT OF AMERICA'S HIGHEST MILITARY DECORATION " THE MEDAL OF HONOR " FOR HIS ACTIONS AT THE BATTLE OF CHAFFIN'S FARM : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK HEROES "

                          BLACK                 SOCIAL           HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Thomas R. Hawkins (1840 – 1870) was a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm.

Biography

Hawkins joined the Army as a substitute from PhiladelphiaPennsylvania on August 4, 1863, and became Sergeant Major of the 6th U.S. Colored Infantry Regiment on August 23. On September 29, 1864, he fought in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm,Virginia. He was discharged in May 1865 for wounds received in action.
More than five years later, on February 8, 1870, he was awarded the Medal of Honor for "rescue of regimental colors" during that battle.
Thomas Hawkins died at age 29 or 30 in 1870, and was buried in Columbian Harmony Cemetery in Washington, D.C. His remains were moved to National Harmony Memorial Park in Landover, Maryland, in 1960 when the original cemetery closed and was sold. A memorial plaque was placed at his grave in 1997.[1]
Hawkins' courage at New Market Heights is depicted in a painting, Three Medals of Honor by artist Don Troiani. The painting is scheduled to be unveiled June 24, 2013 at the Union League of Philadelphia. Also portrayed in the painting are two fellow Medal of Honor recipients from the battle, Nathan H. Edgerton and Alexander Kelly.[2]

Medal of Honor citation

Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 6th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29, 1864. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Birth: Cincinnati, Ohio. Date of issue: February 8, 1870.
Citation:
Rescue of regimental colors.