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Saturday, 25 July 2015

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " JIMMY SCOTT " WAS A JAZZ VOCALIST, FAMOUS FOR HIS UNUSUALLY HIGH CONTRALTO VOICE AND HIS SENSITIVE ON BALLADS AND LOVE SONGS : GOES INTO THE3 " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS

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Jimmy Scott

Jimmy Scott
Jimmy Scott.jpg
Scott appearing at the Iridium Jazz Club in New York City on September 4, 2004
Background information
Birth nameJames Victor Scott
Also known asLittle Jimmy Scott
BornJuly 17, 1925
Cleveland, Ohio, United States
DiedJune 12, 2014 (aged 88)
Las Vegas, Nevada, United States
GenresJazz
Occupation(s)Singer
InstrumentsVocals
Years active1945–2014
LabelsSavoryDeccaTangerine,KingSire, Milestone
Websitewww.jimmyscottofficialwebsite.org
James Victor "Jimmy" Scott (July 17, 1925 – June 12, 2014), also known as "Little" Jimmy Scott, was an American jazzvocalist famous for his unusually high contralto voice and his sensitivity on ballads and love songs.
After a series of successes in the 1940s and '50s, Scott's career faltered by the early '60s. He slid into obscurity before launching a well-received comeback in the 1990s. His unusual singing voice was due to Kallmann's syndrome, a very rare genetic condition. The condition stunted his growth at four feet eleven inches until, at the age of 37, he grew another eight inches to the height of five feet seven inches. The condition prevented him from reaching puberty, leaving him with a high, undeveloped voice.[1]

Early life and career

Scott was born in Cleveland, Ohio, to Authur and Justine Stanard Scott, the third in a family of ten. As a child Jimmy got his first singing experience by his mother's side at the family piano, and later, in church choir. At thirteen, he was orphaned when his mother was killed by a drunk driver.[2]
He first rose to prominence as "Little Jimmy Scott" in the Lionel Hampton Band when he sang lead on the late 1940s hit "Everybody's Somebody's Fool", recorded in December 1949, and which became a top ten R&B hit in 1950.[2] Credit on the label, however, went to "Lionel Hampton and vocalists", so the singer's name did not appear on any of the songs. This omission of credit was not only a slight to Scott's talent but a big blow to his career. A similar professional insult occurred several years later when his vocal on "Embraceable You" with Charlie Parker, on the album One Night in Birdland, was credited to female vocalist Chubby Newsome.[3]
Lionel Hampton gave him the stage name of "Little Jimmy Scott" because he looked so young, and was short and of slight build. However, it was his extraordinary phrasing and romantic feeling that made him a favorite singer of fellow artists such as Billie HolidayRay CharlesFrankie ValliDinah Washington and Nancy Wilson.[4]
In 1963, it looked as though Scott's luck had changed: he signed to Ray CharlesTangerine Records label, under the supervision of Charles himself, creating what is considered by many to be one of the great jazz vocal albums of all time, Falling in Love is Wonderful.[5]
Owing to obligations on an earlier contract that Scott had signed with Herman Lubinsky, the record was withdrawn in a matter of days, while Scott was on honeymoon. The album was not re-released for forty years. Scott disputed the "lifetime" contract; Lubinsky loaned Jimmy out to Syd Nathan at King Records for 45 recordings in 1957–58. Another album, The Source (1969), was not released until 2001.[6]
Scott's career faded by the late 1960's and he returned to his native Cleveland to work as a hospital orderly, shipping clerk and as an elevator operator in a hotel.

Comeback and later work

Scott eventually resurfaced in 1991 when he sang at the funeral of songwriter Doc Pomus, his long-time friend, an event that single-handedly sparked his career renaissance.[7]Afterwards Lou Reed recruited him to sing back-up on the track "Power and Glory" from his 1992 album Magic and Loss, which was inspired, to an extent, by Pomus's death. Scott was seen on the series finale of David Lynch's television series Twin Peaks, singing "Sycamore Trees", a song with lyrics by Lynch and music by Angelo Badalamenti. Scott was featured on the soundtrack of the follow-up film, Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me.[8]
Also in attendance at Pomus's funeral was Seymour Stein, founder and operator of Sire Records, who released Scott's 1992 album All The Way, produced by Tommy Lipuma and featuring artists such as Kenny BarronRon Carter, and David "Fathead" Newman. Scott was nominated for a Grammy Award for this album.[9]
He followed this up with the album Dream in 1994 and the jazz-gospel album Heaven in 1996. His next work, a critically acclaimed album of pop and rock interpretations entitledHolding Back The Years (1998), was produced by Gerry McCarthy and Dale Ashley. Released in the US on Artists Only Records in October 1998, it peaked at #14 on theBillboard Jazz Albums chart. In Japan, it won the prestigious Swing Journal Award for Best Jazz Album Of The Year (2000). The title track marked the first time in his career that Scott overdubbed his own harmony vocal tracks. Holding Back The Years features cover art by Mark Kostabi, liner notes by Lou Reed, and includes critically acclaimed versions of "Nothing Compares 2 U" (written by Prince), "Jealous Guy" (John Lennon), "Almost Blue" (Elvis Costello), and "Sorry Seems To Be The Hardest Word" (Elton John & Bernie Taupin).
In 1999, Scott's early recordings on the Decca label were re-released on CD, as were all of his recordings with the Savoy Label between 1952 and 1975 in a three-disc box set. In 2000, Scott signed to the Milestone jazz label, and recorded four critically acclaimed albums, each produced by Todd Barkan, and featuring a variety of jazz artists, includingWynton MarsalisRenee Rosnes, Bob Kindred, Eric AlexanderLew SoloffGeorge MrazLewis Nash, as well as Scott's own touring and recording band "The Jazz Expressions". He also released two live albums, both recorded in Japan, featuring the Jazz Expressions.
In 2012, he joined the 11th[10] annual Independent Music Awards judging panel to assist independent musicians' careers.
He died on June 12, 2014, aged 88.[11] He died in his sleep at his home in Las Vegas,[12] of cardiac arrest.

Legacy

Scott's career spanned sixty-five years. He performed with Charlie ParkerSarah VaughanLester YoungLionel HamptonCharles MingusFats NavarroQuincy JonesBud PowellRay CharlesWynton Marsalis, and Peter Cincotti. He also performed with a host of musicians from other genres of music, such as David ByrneLou ReedFleaMichael Stipe, and Antony & The Johnsons.
Scott performed at the inaugurations of Presidents Dwight Eisenhower (1953) and Clinton (1993), where he sang the same song, "Why Was I Born?". Later, Scott appeared in live performances with the lounge music group Pink Martini, and continued to perform internationally at music festivals and at his own concerts until shortly before his death.
In 2007, Scott received the 2007 NEA Jazz Master Award. He also received the Kennedy Center's "Jazz In Our Time" Living Legend Award, and N.A.B.O.B.'s Pioneer Award in 2007, the "Lifetime Achievement Award from the Jazz Foundation of America" in 2010, the R & B Hall of Fame Induction Award in 2013.
In September 2008 he did a "two-day video interview" at his Vegas home with the "Smithsonian Institute for the National Archives".
Scott and his wife Jeanie lived in Las Vegas, Nevada after 2007, having previously lived in Euclid, Ohio, for 10 years.
Little Jimmy Scott's recording of "If I Ever Lost You" can be heard in the opening credits of the HBO movie Lackawanna Blues. He was also mentioned on The Cosby Show, when Clair and Cliff Huxtable bet on the year in which "An Evening In Paradise" was recorded. On August 17, 2013, at Cleveland State University in his hometown, Cleveland, Ohio, he was inducted into inaugural class of the R&B Music Hall of Fame.[13]

Discography

Albums

  • Very Truly Yours (Savoy) (1955)
  • If You Only Knew (Savoy) (1956)
  • The Fabulous Songs Of Jimmy Scott (Savoy) 1960)
  • Falling In Love Is Wonderful (Tangerine) (1963) (Re-issue 2003)
  • The Source (Atlantic) (1969) (Re-issue 2001)
  • Can't We Begin Again (Savoy) (1975)
  • Doesn't Love Mean More (J's Way) (1990)
  • Live In New Orleans (1951 Concert) (Fantasy) (1991)
  • All The Way (Sire) (1992)
  • Dream (Sire) (1994)
  • Heaven (Sire) (1996)
  • Holding Back The Years (Artists Only) (1998)
  • Mood Indigo (Milestone) (2000)
  • Over The Rainbow (Milestone) (2001)
  • Unchained Melody (Live Album) (Tokuma) (2001)
  • But Beautiful (Milestone) (2002)
  • Moonglow (Milestone) (2003)
  • All Of Me: Live In Tokyo (Venus) (2004)

Compilations

  • Lost And Found (Rhino) (1993)
  • Bravo Profiles: A Jazz Master (Bravo) (1993)
  • All Over Again (Savoy Jazz) (1995)
  • Everybody's Somebody's Fool (Universal) (1999)
  • The Savoy Years & More (Box Set) (Savoy Jazz) (1999)
  • Les Incontournables (Warner) (2000)
  • Timeless (Savoy Jazz) (2002)
  • Someone To Watch Over Me (2-Disc) (Warner) (2004)
  • The Essential Jimmy Scott (Metro) (2005)
  • Milestone Profiles: Jimmy Scott (Milestone) (2006)
  • Great Scott! 2CD (Jasmine) 2014

Filmography

Biographical
  • The Ballad of Little Jimmy Scott (DVD) (1987)
  • Bravo Profiles (Jazz Masters): Why Was I Born - The Life and Times of Little Jimmy Scott (TV) (1999)
  • Jimmy Scott: If You Only Knew (DVD) (PBS - TV) (2003)
  • Rising Above the Blues: The Story of Jimmy Scott (2012)
Appearances
  • Soul! (PBS - TV) (June 1971)
  • Scotch & Milk (1998)
  • Twin Peaks – "Episode 29" (TV)(1991)
  • Chelsea Walls (2002)
  • Stormy Weather: The Music of Harold Arlen (2002) (TV)
  • I Love Your Work (2005)
  • Be Kind, Rewind (2005)
  • Passion Play (2011)