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Friday, 14 August 2015

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " BUSTA RHYMES " IS AN AMERICAN HIP-HOP RECORDING ARTIST AN INTERNATIONAL STAR : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

             BLACK  SOCIAL  HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                  



















































































































































































Busta Rhymes


Busta Rhymes
Busta rhymes-06-mika.jpg
Busta Rhymes in 2008
Background information
Birth nameTrevor Tahiem Smith, Jr.
BornMay 20, 1972 (age 43)[1]
Brooklyn, New York
OriginLong IslandNew York, United States
GenresHip hop
Occupation(s)
Years active1988–present
Labels
Associated acts
Trevor Tahiem Smith, Jr., (born May 20, 1972)[2][3] better known by his stage name Busta Rhymes, is an American hip-hop recording artist. Chuck D of Public Enemy gave him the moniker Busta Rhymes, after NFL wide receiver George "Buster" Rhymes. Early in his career, he was known for his wild style and fashion, and today is best known for his intricate rapping technique, which involves rapping at a fast rate with a lot of internal rhyme and half rhyme, and to date has received eleven Grammy nominations for his musical work.
About.com included him on its list of the 50 Greatest MCs of Our Time (1987–2007),[4] while Steve Huey of AllMusic called him one of the best and most prolific rappers of the 1990s.[5] In 2012, The Source placed him on their list of the Top 50 Lyricists of All Time.[6]MTV has called him "one of hip-hop's greatest visual artists."[7]
Busta Rhymes was both a member of Leaders of the New School and a founding member of the record label Conglomerate(founded as Flipmode Entertainment) and production crew The Conglomerate (formerly Flipmode Squad). In November 2011, Busta Rhymes signed a deal with Cash Money Records. He has so far released eight studio albums, with the first being the 1996 platinum-selling album The Coming. His list of hit singles include "Woo Hah!! Got You All in Check", "Dangerous", "Turn It Up (Remix)/Fire It Up", "Gimme Some More", "What's It Gonna Be?!", "Pass the Courvoisier, Part II", "I Know What You Want" and "Touch It", among several others. He is set to release his tenth album, E.L.E.2 (Extinction Level Event 2), in 2015, which will be a sequel to his 1998 album E.L.E. (Extinction Level Event): The Final World Front.

Early life

Busta Rhymes was born Trevor Tahiem Smith, Jr., in Brooklyn, New York, on May 20, 1970 to Geraldine Green and Trevor Smith, who are from Jamaica.[8][9] At age 12, he moved to UniondaleLong Island,[10] and later attended Uniondale High School, graduating in 1988.[11] Smith attended George Westinghouse Career and Technical Education High School, alongside Jay-ZDMX and The Notorious B.I.G.[12][13][14][15]

Music career

1989–93: Leaders of the New School and rising popularity

In 1989, Smith, alongside fellow Long Island natives Charlie Brown (born Bryan Higgins), Dinco D (born James Jackson) and Cut Monitor Milo (born Sheldon Scott), formed theEast Coast hip hop group Leaders of the New School. The group's big break was when they became an opening act for fellow Long Island hip hop group Public Enemy. Public Enemy's Chuck D gave Busta Rhymes and Charlie Brown their respective stage names.[2] Leaders of the New School[16] began recording in 1990 and released their debut albumA Future Without a Past... in 1991 on Elektra Records. In early 1992, the group appeared on A Tribe Called Quest's posse cut "Scenario," in which Busta Rhymes's climactic verse propelled him into the cultural consciousness.[17] In 1993, they released T.I.M.E. (The Inner Mind's Eye). Soon after, however, internal problems arose because of Busta Rhymes's increasing popularity, and the group broke up on the set of Yo! MTV Raps.
By the summer of 1992, Rhymes began making guest appearances on songs by several artists such as Big Daddy KaneAnother Bad CreationThe Notorious B.I.G.Brand NubianA Tribe Called QuestKRS-One, as well on the interludes to Mary J. Blige's debut What's the 411? and R&B trio TLC's Diamond-certified second album CrazySexyCool. He also appeared on the album jacket of fellow hip-hop group A Tribe Called Quest's Midnight Marauders, with a host of other fellow hip-hop pioneers. In early 1993, he appeared in a cameo role in Who's the Man? with his fellow LONS group members. That same year, he appeared as part of an ensemble cast in the Forest Whitaker-directedHBO film Strapped which also starred rapper and actor Fredro and Bokeem Woodbine and co-starred alongside Ice Cube and Omar Epps in the John Singleton film, Higher Learning.
By late 1994, after making appearances on the single "Oh My God" with A Tribe Called Quest, he teamed up with Puff DaddyLL Cool JRampage and former classmate The Notorious B.I.G., on a remix to Craig Mack's hit "Flava In Ya Ear", soon after he would team up again with The Notorious B.I.G. among a plethora of rappers such as Bone Thugs-n-Harmony and Coolio on a posse cut, "The Points" which appeared on the soundtrack to the 1995 film Panther. At this time, Rhymes engaged in a memorable freestyle battle rap with the late Ol' Dirty Bastard, rapping the first few verses of his future breakout debut single "Woo-Hah!!" in early 1995. Rhymes also worked on unreleased material withDiddyThe Notorious B.I.G.The LOXFugeesMary J. BligeFoxy BrownMaseJay-ZMichael JacksonDMXLil' Kim and Snoop Dogg. Some or neither of the collaborations came to fruition, and Rhymes begun recording what would be his debut studio album in late 1995.

1995–99: The ComingWhen Disaster Strikes, and Extinction Level Event: Final World Front

In the summer of 1995, Busta Rhymes began working on his solo debut album The Coming, and a month after recording the album, he released it in March 1996. A month before the album was released, he broke out with a hit single, "Woo Hah!! Got You All in Check". Later, he started work on his second album, When Disaster Strikes, which would not be released until September 1997. It produced the hit singles "Put Your Hands Where My Eyes Could See" and "Fire It Up".
In 1998, Busta Rhymes recorded Extinction Level Event (Final World Front). Its lead single "Gimme Some More" — which sampled Bernard Herrmann's theme from Psycho — reached number 6 in the UK singles chart in January 1999. Busta Rhymes enjoyed further transatlantic success in April, when the single "What's It Gonna Be?!", featuring Janet Jackson, reached the US and UK Top 11. The album received prominent notice for featuring the fastest rapping Busta Rhymes has ever performed, particularly on a song called "Iz They Wildin Wit Us?", featuring a guest appearance by Mystikal.[2]
That same year, the Flipmode Squad released their group album, and from there, they continued to collaborate.

2000–04: AnarchyGenesis, and It Ain't Safe No More


Busta Rhymes performing in 2006
In 2000, Busta Rhymes recorded his final album for Elektra, entitled Anarchy. After Busta signed to J Records, a label started by the then recently ousted Arista Records chief and founder Clive Davis, he released a greatest hits collection Total Devastation: The Best of Busta Rhymes, alongside a new album of original work. Continuing the Biblical theme of his previous albums, he titled his record Genesis. The album featured collaborations with Mary J. BligeP. DiddyKelis, and others. Genesis was powered by the hit single with Kelis, "What It Is", and his solo single released in November 2001, "Break Ya Neck". The final single was the summer smash "Pass the Courvoisier, Part II", which featured Pharrell and P. Diddy. Despite the success of the two singles, this album did not sell as well as previous releases. Fellow Flipmode members were featured, but minor changes in the roster were noted.
In 2002, Busta Rhymes released his sixth studio album It Ain't Safe No More. The album was moderately successful, with a hit song featuring Mariah Carey and the Flipmode Squad titled "I Know What You Want". Another hit single was "Make It Clap", featuring Spliff Starr. The remix of "Make It Clap", features Sean Paul. After its release, Busta Rhymes left J Records. In 2004, he signed with American record producer and record executive Dr. Dre's Aftermath Entertainment, through Interscope Records. Consequently, upon changing label, a new Flipmode album was cancelled and shelved.

2006–09: The Big Bang and Back on My B.S.

His seventh studio album, titled The Big Bang, became the first #1 album of his career. The CD sold over 209,000 copies in its first week to earn the top spot on the US Billboard200.[18] The album also became his highest charting album in the UK, peaking at #19. Some of the album was previously leaked online, and as a result several songs were left off the album and new ones added. The Big Bang features production by Dr. Dre and Swizz Beatz, as well as appearances by Raekwon and Nas. The album spawned the singles "Touch It", "I Love My Bitch", featuring Kelis and will.i.am, "New York Shit", featuring Swizz Beatz and "In The Ghetto". Busta Rhymes also had a stint opening for Mariah Carey'sThe Adventures of Mimi Tour. Also, he has performed with Eminem on "Touch It Remix Part 5" and performed a verse on the aforementioned rapper's song, "I'll Hurt You". On July 17, 2008, Busta left Interscope and Aftermath due to a creative clash with Interscope head Jimmy Iovine.
In 2007, Busta Rhymes released a song featuring Linkin Park, titled "We Made It". He also made an original song ("Where's My Money") for a fictional radio station in the 2008 video game Grand Theft Auto IV. It was later revealed that Busta inked a deal with Universal Motown, where he released his eighth studio album Back on My B.S., on May 19, 2009.[19] The album debuted at #5 on the Billboard 200, selling 56,000 copies, and was his first album to not receive an RIAA certification, selling 122,000 copies to date. The album was supported by the singles "Arab Money", featuring Ron Browz, "Hustler's Anthem '09", featuring T-Pain and "Respect My Conglomerate". The song "World Go Round", featuring British singer Estelle, was released in France on April 6, 2009 due to the heavy rotation of a leaked version. The single was released in the UK on July 13, 2009. Busta Rhymes also appeared on Asher Roth's debut album Asleep in the Bread Aisle.
Due to controversial content, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has banned the album. Back on My B.S. was released internationally, but because of one song, "Arab Money", it cannot be purchased as a CD there, although the album can still be purchased via iTunes. According to the National Media Council, the lyrics were considered to be offensive to Arabs and to Islam,[clarification needed] and permission for distribution was therefore denied. Some DJs, artists and fans have lambasted the track, saying it portrays Arabs in a stereotypical way. The first part out of three of the remix by Rhymes contains verses from the Quran.
In November 2008, when "Arab Money" was released as a single, DJ Dany Neville and the Iraqi rapper The Narcicyst responded by recording a reply. Rhymes later apologized. DJs in the country said they had not received an order banning the record from being spun in nightclubs, and they had mixed feelings on whether the record was offensive or not.[20] DJ Saif of Dubai said, "I don't play 'Arab Money' because it's disrespectful [to] Arabs. I don't think there is a ban on playing it in clubs, but many here don't play it anyway."[20]

Busta Rhymes in 2002
DJ Bliss, along with many other DJs in the UAE, refused to play "Arab Money" on Radio 1 in Dubai after it was banned in the UAE for offense to Arabs. He added, "I used to play the original version in the club, but out of respect for the laws here in my country, I haven't played it since."[20]
In 2010 the track's producer Ron Browz defended Busts Rhymes in a Dubai interview with journalist Awad Mustafa stating that the track was misunderstood.
"For us, having 'Arab money' is a compliment understood like having 'Oprah money' or 'Tiger Woods money' - it's just street slang, and we were appreciating the amazing wonders that have been created here," Browz said.http://www.thenational.ae/arts-culture/music/rapper-says-arab-money-track-was-as-a-compliment
Brow added that he had produced the track in a moment of inspiration while experimenting in his studio. "Growing up in Harlem I was always surrounded by Arabs and Muslims, we embraced their culture and they embraced ours and we always joked with each other," he said.

2010–present: Cash Money Records and Extinction Level Event 2

In September 2009, Busta Rhymes had announced that he was working on his ninth studio album, alongside Canadian producer Boi-1da, entitled The Chemo. At the time, he stated that the project was 80% finished.[21] In May 2010, Busta Rhymes had reportedly changed the title of his ninth album from The Chemo to Extinction Level Event 2, making his ninth effort a sequel to his 1998 album Extinction Level Event (Final World Front).[22]
In an August 6, 2010 interview on Conspiracy Worldwide Radio, American hip hop producer DJ Premier, said Busta Rhymes received over eight beats which he didn't want to use but Premier hoped his next beat would be chosen for inclusion on the album.[23] On DJ Premier's Live From Headqcourterz radio show Premier confirmed that one of his beats were to be included in E.L.E. 2. In 2010, Busta Rhymes formed his new label Conglomerate Records (With later on having rosters such as N.O.R.E., and Spliff Star). He was also featured on "C'mon (Catch 'Em By Surprise)" by Tiësto and Diplo.
In 2011, Rhymes recorded "Look at Me Now" with Chris Brown and Lil Wayne on Brown's fourth album, F.A.M.E., the song has received favorable reviews regarding Rhymes guest verse on the song, and is his highest chart entry on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number six, while reaching number one on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart, becoming his first #1 on that chart. On September 7, 2011, Rhymes received six nominations for the BET Hip Hop Awards, held on October 11, 2011.
On May 1, 2011 Rhymes appeared on the launch show for MNET's Big Brother Africa 6: Amplified and performed some of his songs. In 2011, Busta Rhymes performed at theGathering of the Juggalos.[24] Busta Rhymes contributed to the 2011 Tech N9ne album All 6's and 7's, performing vocals on the single, "Worldwide Choppers," released on May 31.[25] Canadian recording artist Justin Bieber featured Busta Rhymes on a song called "Drummer Boy" off Bieber's sophomore studio album, Under the Mistletoe, released on November 1, 2011.[26] On November 11, 2011, a Heavy D tribute song titled "You Ain’t Gotta Wait Till I’m Gone" was leaked.[27]
On November 16, 2011, it was announced that Busta Rhymes signed to Cash Money Records.[28] For his debut single on the Cash Money label and his Conglomerate Records, he reunites with Chris Brown to make the aggressive single known as Why Stop Now. In 2012, Busta collaborated with Jodie Connor, featuring on her single "Take You There", but he did not appear in the music video.
A song with Twista, titled "Can You Keep Up" was leaked. Busta Rhymes was featured on Fat Joe's single "Pride & Joy" alongside Kanye West and Jadakiss.[29] His ninth studio album, Year of the Dragon, was released for free on Google Play on August 21, 2012. The album features guest appearances from Lil WayneRick RossTrey SongzRobin ThickeMainoGucci Mane and more. He also released a music video for the track "Doin' It Again" which features Reek da Villian which includes a tribute to his manager that committed suicide, Chris Lighty.[30]
He also later featured on YMCMB label mate Shannel single "Last Time".[31] In 2011 it was announced that Universal Motown was going defunct making Rhymes and other arists move to Universal Republic Records, in mid-2012, it was announced that Universal Republic Records was going defunct, making artists on the roster move to Republic Recordsmaking the label revived itself.[32]
On December 21, 2012, members of The Conglomerate Ent., Busta along with J. Doe and Reek da Villan released a mixtape titled "Catastrophic", their first collective effort.[33]Busta Rhymes collaborated with Pharrell Williams, who produced the first single off his Cash Money Records debut, "Twerk It", which was released June 6, 2013. A video was shot in Flatbush on June 3, 2013. The official remix was released featuring Nicki Minaj. On July 23, 2014, Busta Rhymes announced that he left Cash Money Records due to creative differences and he is no longer on Republic.[34]

Personal life

Rhymes has three children with Joanne Wood: T'Ziah (born 1993), T'Khi (born 1999), Trillian (born 2001), as well as a daughter, Mariah (born 1998)[35][36][37]
Rhymes is a Muslim and has said that his faith has helped keep him grounded in life.[38]

Legal issues

On August 20, 2006, Busta Rhymes was arrested and arraigned for charges of third-degree assault after attacking a man who reportedly spat on his car in New York City on August 12 after the AmsterJam Music Festival on Randall's Island.[39]
On October 24, 2006, Busta Rhymes appeared at Manhattan Criminal Court as the district attorney's office attempted to amend previous charges against him to include weapons possession for a machete found in his car. The judge refused to add the charge and adjourned the case.[40][41]
On February 20, 2007, Busta Rhymes refused a plea deal offered by the prosecutor's office for the assault of his former driver, Edward Hatchett. The deal would have entailed six months in jail and pleading guilty to two assaults, the attack on Hatchett, and the attack on the former fan. The dispute with Hatchett is believed to have originated over back pay Hatchett felt he was owed. Manhattan Criminal Court Judge Becki Rowe offered Busta another option, pleading guilty to third-degree assault. The conditions of the proposed sentence would include five days of community service, two weeks of youth lectures and six months of anger management classes, as well as three years of probation. On March 18, 2008 a judge in New York City sentenced Busta to three years' probation, 10 days' community service, $1250 in fines (plus court costs), and to enroll in a drunken driving program.[41][42][43][44]
On September 25, 2008, Busta Rhymes was temporarily refused entry to the United Kingdom due to "unresolved convictions".[45]
On October 14, 2009, a Brooklyn judge ordered Busta Rhymes to pay a concert goer $75,000 in compensation for an assault which occurred in 2003.[46]

Discography

Main article: Busta Rhymes discography

Filmography

Awards and nominations

Billboard Music Awards

Busta Rhymes has been nominated for 1 Billboard Music Award during his solo career.
YearNominated workAwardResult
2005"Don't Cha"Top-Selling Hot 100 Song of the YearNominated

Soul Train Music Awards

Busta Rhymes has won a Soul Train Music Award and has been nominated for 2 Soul Train Music Awards during his solo career.
YearNominated workAwardResult
2000"What's It Gonna Be"The Michael Jackson Award for Best R&B/Soul or Rap Music VideoWon
2006"Don't Cha"Best R&B/Soul Single, Group, Band or DuoNominated
2007"I Love My Chick"The Michael Jackson for Best R&B/Soul or Rap Music VideoNominated

American Music Awards

Busta Rhymes has been nominated for 1 American Music Award during his solo career.
YearNominated workAwardResult
2000Busta RhymesFavourite Soul/R&B Male ArtistNominated

The Source Awards

Busta Rhymes has won a Source Award during his solo career.
YearNominated workAwardResult
1999"What's It Gonna Be"Music Video of the YearWon

Grammy Awards

Busta Rhymes has been nominated for 11 Grammy Awards during his solo career.
YearNominated workAwardResult
1997"Woo-Hah! Got You All in Check"Best Rap Solo PerformanceNominated
1998"Put Your Hands Where My Eyes Could See"Best Rap Solo PerformanceNominated
1999"Dangerous"Best Rap Solo PerformanceNominated
2000"Gimme Some More"Best Rap Solo PerformanceNominated
"What's It Gonna Be?"Best Rap Performance By a Duo or GroupNominated
E.L.E. (Extinction Level Event): The Final World FrontBest Rap AlbumNominated
2001"Fire"Best Music Video, Short FormNominated
2003"Pass the Courvoisier Pt. 2"Best Rap Performance By a Duo or GroupNominated
2007"Touch It"Best Rap Solo PerformanceNominated
2012"Look At Me Now"Best Rap PerformanceNominated
Best Rap SongNominated

MTV Video Music Awards

Busta Rhymes has been nominated for 16 MTV Video Music Awards during his 16-year solo career, but has yet to win one.
YearNominated workAwardResult
1996"Woo-Hah! Got You All in Check"Breakthrough VideoNominated
1998"Put Your Hands Where My Eyes Could See"Best Male VideoNominated
Best Rap VideoNominated
Breakthrough VideoNominated
Best Choreography in a VideoNominated
1999"What's It Gonna Be?"Best Hip-Hop VideoNominated
Best Direction in a VideoNominated
Best Special Effects in a VideoNominated
Best Art Direction in a VideoNominated
"Gimme Some More"Breakthrough VideoNominated
2002"Pass the Courvoisier Pt. 2"Best Hip-Hop VideoNominated
2003"I Know What You Want"Best Hip-Hop VideoNominated
2006"Touch It (remix)"Best Rap VideoNominated
Best Male VideoNominated
2011"Look At Me Now"Best Hip-Hop VideoNominated
Best CollaborationNominated