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Tuesday, 20 October 2015

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " KERRY WASHINGTON " IS AN AMERICAN ACTRESS AND HAS GAINED WIDE PUBLIC RECOGNITION FOR STARRING IN THE ABC DRAMA SCANDAL : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

 BLACK   SOCIAL   HISTORY                                                                                                                                           Kerry Washington

Kerry Washington
Kerry Washington Django avp.jpg
Washington in 2013
BornKerry Marisa Washington
January 31, 1977 (age 38)
The BronxNew York, U.S.
EducationSpence School
Alma materGeorge Washington University
OccupationActress
Years active1994–present
Spouse(s)Nnamdi Asomugha (m. 2013)
Children1
Kerry Marisa Washington[1] (born January 31, 1977)[2] is an American actress. Since 2012, Washington has gained wide public recognition for starring in the ABC drama Scandal, a Shonda Rhimes series in which she plays Olivia Pope, a crisis management expert to politicians and power brokers in Washington DC.[3] For her role, she has been nominated twice for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama SeriesScreen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Drama Series, and a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Television Series.
Washington is also known for her roles as Della Bea Robinson, in the film Ray (2004), as Kay in The Last King of Scotland (2006), asAlicia Masters in the live-action Fantastic Four films of 2005 and 2007, and as Broomhilda von Schaft in Quentin Tarantino's Django Unchained (2012). She has also starred in the critically acclaimed independent films Our Song (2000), The Dead Girl (2006), Mother and Child (2009) and Night Catches Us (2010).
In April 2014, Time magazine included Washington in its annual TIME 100 as one of the "Most Influential People in the World."[4]

Early life

Washington was born in the Bronx, New York City, the daughter of Valerie, a professor and educational consultant, and Earl Washington, a real estate broker.[5][6][7] Her father's family is of African American origin, having migrated from South Carolina to Brooklyn. Her mother's family is from Manhattan, and Washington has said that her mother is from a "mixed-race background but from Jamaica, so she is partly English and Scottish and Native American, but also descended from African slaves in the Caribbean."[8][9][10] Through her mother she is a cousin of the former U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell.[11]
Washington performed with the TADA! Youth Theater teen group and attended the Spence School in Manhattan, graduating in 1994.[12] She attended George Washington University, graduating Phi Beta Kappa in 1998 with a double major in anthropology and sociology.[12][13] She also studied at Michael Howard Studios in New York City.[12]

Career

1994–2008

Washington got her Screen Actors Guild (SAG) card as a requirement for a commercial that she starred in.[14] Washington made her screen debut in the ABC telefilm Magical Make-Over (1994).[12] She was in the cast of the 1996 PBS sketch comedy-style educational series Standard Deviants,[12] and she appeared in the short "3D" and the feature filmOur Song in 2000.[12] She went on to appear in several movies, including Save the Last Dance (2001) and The Human Stain (2003). In 2002 she played Chris Rock's love interest in the spy thriller Bad Company, a film that represented a turning point for her, in that it was the first time in her career that she had made enough money annually to qualify for health insurance under SAG.[14]
In 2004, she played the female lead in Spike Lee's She Hate Me, and she received strong reviews for her performance. After 2004, she held parts in Mr. & Mrs. Smith (2005),Little Man (2006), I Think I Love My Wife (2007), and as a wife of 1970s Ugandan dictator Idi Amin in the UK historical drama The Last King of Scotland (2006).[12] Washington has also appeared in the recurring role of Chelina Hall on the ABC television series Boston Legal,[12] and in several episodes of the A&E cable-TV series 100 Centre Street.[12] In 2007, she co-directed and appeared in the music video for hip-hop artist Common's song, "I Want You", the fourth single from his album Finding Forever[15] and became a spokesperson for L'Oréal, appearing in commercials and ads alongside fellow actresses, Scarlett Johansson and Eva LongoriaGong LiMichelle YeohDian Sastrowardoyo,Aishwarya RaiMaya Karin and model Doutzen Kroes.[16]

2009–present

Washington at the premiere ofMother and Child at TIFF in 2009
Washington narrated the critically acclaimed documentary about the New Orleans-based teenage TBC Brass BandFrom the Mouthpiece on Back. She also appears in Maxwell's "Bad Habits" video. In 2009 Washington performed in The People Speak, a documentary feature film that uses dramatic and musical performances of the letters, diaries, and speeches of everyday Americans, based on historian Howard Zinn'sA People's History of the United States.[17]
In 2010, she made her Broadway debut in David Mamet's Race, alongside James SpaderDavid Alan Grier, and Richard Thomas. She also appeared in Tyler Perry's 2010 film For Colored Girls.[12] In October 2011, it was confirmed that she would star in Quentin Tarantino's filmDjango Unchained, which was released in 2012 and received widespread critical acclaim.[18][19] She was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in June 2012 along with 175 other individuals.[20]
In 2013, Washington ranked No. 2 in People magazine's 100 Most Beautiful people[21] and was named Woman of the Year by Glamourmagazine.[22] The same year, she ranked No. 20 on Forbes magazine's annual list of the highest-paid actors in television and was announced as the new face of Neutrogena skin care.[23] Washington hosted Saturday Night Live on November 2, 2013, where she impersonated Michelle Obama and Oprah Winfrey in a cold opening sketch that satirized criticism of Saturday Night Live for not having had any black female cast members for many years.[24]

Scandal

Since April 2012, Washington has starred in the ABC drama series Scandal, created by Shonda Rimes, as Olivia Pope, a crisis manager who runs her own crisis management firm called Pope & Associates in Washington, D.C.. In this position, she works for high-profile figures, most notably the President of the United States, who is also her lover. The show has been a commercial and critical success, and has been called one of the most talked about drama series on Facebook and Twitter by Buzzfeed.[25][26][27] Its success has also drawn attention to racial questions in television, as Washington is the first African-American actress to lead an American network drama series since 1974, when Teresa Graves starred in the crime drama Get Christie Love! on ABC.[28] Tanzina Vega of The New York Times has written that Washington's casting "has prompted discussion among academics and fans of the show about whether Scandal represents a new era of post-racial television, in which cast members are ethnically diverse but are not defined by their race or ethnicity."[29]
Washington's performance has earned positive reviews, and in 2013, she won the award for Outstanding Actress in a Drama Series at the 44th NAACP Image Awards and was also presented with the NAACP President's Award.[30] The same year, she was named "Favorite actress" and Scandal "Favorite Drama" of the year at TV Guide's Magazine Fan Favorite Awards [31] and was also crowned 2013's "TV Star of the Year" by the editors of the magazine.[32] For her work in the second season of Scandal, Washington was nominated for an Emmy at the 65th Primetime Emmy Awards[33] and 66th Primetime Emmy Awards,[34] becoming the first African-American woman to be nominated in the category of Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series in 18 years.[33] She was also nominated for a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Drama Series as well as a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Television Drama Series.[35][36]
In addition to Washington's acting, her costumes as Olivia Pope have attracted positive attention, prompting Vanity Fair to name the character one of The Top Ten Best-Dressed TV Characters in 2013.[37] According to the show's costume designer, Lyn Paolo, the success of Olivia Pope's wardrobe is based on "this idea of having [her character] wear such soft, feminine colors in a man's world".[38] In 2014, Washington and Paolo won the Influencer Award at the 2014 Ace Fashion Awards for Olivia Pope's stylish clothes on the show.[39]

Future work

In 2014 Washington announced her involvement in Malcolm D. Lee's Is He the One? a romantic comedy from MGM.[40] She also announced that she would be playing the title role in Confirmation, an HBO movie directed by Rick Famuyiwa about Anita Hill's testimony during Clarence Thomas Supreme Court nomination.[41]

Personal life

Washington at George Washington University, where she addressed the graduates in 2013
Washington was engaged to actor David Moscow from October 2004 to March 2007.[42] Washington married NFL player Nnamdi Asomugha on June 24, 2013 in Hailey, Idaho.[43][44][45] They have one daughter, Isabelle Amarachi (born April 21, 2014).[46]
As a sort of souvenir or memento, she usually tries to keep something from every character that she plays, such as an item of wardrobe or a piece of furniture from the house the character lived in.[47]
On May 19, 2013, she was the commencement speaker for her alma materGeorge Washington University. Before giving her commencement address she was presented with an honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts.[48][49]

Activism

In 2007, Washington and other celebrities joined for the 2007 Lee National Denim Day, supporting the Women’s Cancer Programs of theEntertainment Industry Foundation.[50] In September 2012, Washington spoke at the Democratic National Convention in favor of re-electing Barack Obama with her speech focusing on addressing voter apathy.[51]
Washington is also a supporter of gay rights. In August 2013, she was named an honorary chairperson of the GLSEN Respect Awards;[52]and she received the GLAAD Vanguard Award on March 21, 2015.[53][54]
She is a member of the Creative Coalition; which is a board of actors, writers, musicians, and producers that explore issues that are at the forefront of national discourse.[55] She is also a member of V-Day, a global movement that brings awareness to violence against women and girls.[56]

Filmography

Film

Washington at the Metropolitan Opera in 2010
YearTitleRoleNotes
2000Our SongLanisha Brown
20003DAngieShort film
2001Save the Last DanceChenille
2001LiftNiecy
2002Take the A TrainKeishaShort film
2002Bad CompanyJulie
2003The United States of LelandAyesha
2003The Human StainEllie
2003SinKassie
2004Against the RopesRenee
2004She Hate MeFatima Goodrich
2004RayDella Bea Robinson
2005Sexual LifeRosalie
2005Mr. & Mrs. SmithJasmine
2005Fantastic FourAlicia Masters
2005WaitMaggieShort film
2006Little ManVanessa
2006The Last King of ScotlandKay Amin
2006The Dead GirlRosetta
2007I Think I Love My WifeNikki Tru
2007Put It in a BookSheilaShort film
200730,000 Leagues Under the SeaMedical Officer Marissa Brau
2007Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver SurferAlicia Masters
2008Woman in BurkaKerryShort film
2008Miracle at St. AnnaZana Wilder
2008Lakeview TerraceLisa Mattson
2009Life Is Hot in CracktownMarybeth
2009Mother and ChildLucy
2010Night Catches UsPatricia Wilson
2010For Colored GirlsKelly / Blue
2011The DetailsRebecca Mazzoni
2012A Thousand WordsCaroline McCall
2012Django UnchainedBroomhilda von Schaft
2013PeeplesGrace Peeples

Television

YearTitleRoleNotes
1994ABC Afterschool SpecialHeatherEpisode: "Magical Make-Over"
1996Standard DeviantsKerryPBS series
2001NYPD BlueMaya YoungEpisode: "Franco, My Dear, I Don't Give a Damn"
2001DeadlineTina JohnsonEpisode: "The Undesirables"
2001Law & OrderAllie LawrenceEpisode: "3 Dawg Night"
2001100 Centre Street5 episodes
2002The GuardianDrea WestbrookEpisode: "The Next Life"
2004WonderfallsMahandra McGintyEpisode: "Unaired Pilot"
2004Strip SearchMovie
2005–2006Boston LegalChelina Hall5 episodes
2008PsychMira GaffneyEpisode: "There's Something About Mira"
2010Black PantherPrincess Shuri / Baker Woman (voice)Miniseries
2012–presentScandalOlivia PopeLead role
2013Jimmy Kimmel LiveNerdy GirlEpisode: "After The Oscars"
2013Saturday Night LiveHerself/hostEpisode: "Kerry Washington/Eminem"
2013Project RunwayHerselfGuest judge
2016ConfirmationAnita HillMovie; filming

Broadway

YearTitleRoleVenue
2009RaceSusanEthel Barrymore Theatre

Awards and nominations