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Wednesday, 30 December 2015

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY AFRO-RWANDAN " MAJOR GENERAL EMMANUEL KARENZI KARAKE " WHO IS THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY SERVICES (NISS) : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

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Emmanuel Karenzi Karake


Emmanuel Karenzi Karake
BornDecember 23, 1960 (age 55)
Rwanda
AllegianceRwanda Republic of Rwanda
Service/branchRwanda Defence Force (RDF)
Years of service1984 – Today
RankLieutenant General
Commands heldChief of Military Intelligence (J2)
Battles/warsLiberation war against Obote regime under National Resistance Army (Ugandan Bush War, Uganda, 1981-1986), War against president Habyarimana regime (Rwandan Civil War, Rwanda, 1990-1994),First Congo War (1996), Second Congo War (1998), Six Day War (Kisangani) (2000)
AwardsNational Liberation Medal
Foreign Campaign Medal
Presidential Inauguration Medal
Peace Support Operations Medal
Emmanuel Karenzi Karake is a Rwandan Lieutenant-General who is the Secretary General of the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS).

Early years

Karake grew up in Uganda as a refugee from the former Rwandan government. He attended Makerere University, and later joined the Rwandan Patriotic Front where he fought in the 1990-1994 Rwandan Civil War.[1]
Karake attended the Senior Commander and Staff College at the South African Army College and the National Defence College in Kenya. The General holds a Bachelor of Commerce degree from Uganda's Makerere University, a Master of Arts in International Studies from the University of Nairobi in Kenya and a Master of Business Administration from the University of London.[citation needed]

Senior command

Karake was appointed deputy commander of the African Union peacekeeping force in DarfurSudan in August 2007, and in January 2008 became deputy of the UN mission in Darfur. He left this command in April 2009.[2] In February 2008 a Spanish judge indicted Karake, alleging that when he was Rwanda's intelligence chief between 1994 and 1997 he was responsible for a series of political assassinations and massacres.Human Rights Watch claimed that forces under his command had killed civilians in 2000 while fighting Ugandan troops in the Congolese town of Kisangani.[3] The United Nations was embarrassed by the allegations of earlier human rights abuses, and agreed to extend Karake's tenure beyond its expiry in October 2008 only after pressure from the United States and the United Kingdom, and when Rwandan President Paul Kagame threatened to withdraw all Rwandan troops from Darfur if Karake was fired.[2]
In April 2010 President Kagame announced a shake-up of the military command, and a few days later ordered the arrests of Karake, who was accused of immoral conduct, and of former air force chief Charles Muhire, accused of corruption.[4] The men were said to be members of an exclusive circle of top officers in the former Rwandan Patriotic Front.[5]The arrests followed newspaper reports that the two, reported to be popular and powerful figures in the military, had disagreements with Kagame.[6]

2015 Arrest in London

Karake was arrested on 20 June 2015 in London, on an arrest warrant from Spain for war crimes.[7] The Rwandan government responded with Foreign Minister Louise Mushikiwabo calling the arrest an outrage.[7] Karake had a court meeting the day of his arrest and was remanded in custody.[8] On 10 August 2015, Karenzi has been freed by the UK justice, considering that "the relevant laws on the conduct alleged in this case do not cover the acts of non-UK nationals or residents abroad.".[9]