Google+ Badge BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY
Friday, 20 September 2013
BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN GROUP KOOL & THE GANG THIS WAS ONE OF THE INFLUENTIAL FUNK UNITS DURING THE 1970s AND ONE OF THE MOST POPULAR R&B GROUPS OF THE 1980s : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "
BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY Formed as a jazz ensemble in the mid-'60s, Kool & the Gang became one of the most inspired and influential funk units during the '70s, and one of the most popular R&B groups of the '80s after their breakout hit "Celebration" in 1979. Just as funky as James Brown or Parliament (and sampled almost as frequently), Kool & the Gang relied on their jazz backgrounds and long friendship to form a tightly knit group with the interplay and improvisation of a jazz outfit, plus the energy and spark of a band with equal ties to soul, R&B, and funk.
Robert "Kool" Bell and his brother Ronald (or Khalis Bayyan) grew up in Jersey City, NJ, and picked up the music bug from their father. A professional boxer, he was also a serious jazz lover and a close friend of Thelonious Monk. With Robert on bass and Ronald picking up an array of horns, the duo formed the Jazziacs in 1964 with several neighborhood friends: trombone player Clifford Adams, guitarists Charles Smith and Woody Sparrow, trumpeter Robert "Spike" Michens, alto saxophonist Dennis Thomas, keyboard player Ricky West, and drummer Funky George Brown (all of whom, except Michens and West, still remained in the group more than 30 years later).