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Tuesday, 27 January 2015

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " ROBERT B. ELLIOT " WAS AN AFRICAN AMERICAN MEMBER OF THE UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES FROM SOUTH CAROLINA : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK HEROES "

    BLACK         SOCIAL      HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                    Robert B. Elliott




Robert Brown Elliott
Robert B. Elliott.jpg
South Carolina Attorney General
In office
December 14, 1876 – May 29, 1877
GovernorContested between Daniel Henry Chamberlain andWade Hampton III
Preceded bySamuel W. Melton
Succeeded byJames Conner
28th Speaker of the South Carolina House of Representatives
In office
November 24, 1874 – April 14, 1876
GovernorFranklin I. Moses, Jr.
Daniel Henry Chamberlain
Preceded bySamuel J. Lee
Succeeded byWilliam Henry Wallace
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Aiken County
In office
November 24, 1874 – April 14, 1876
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Barnwell County
In office
November 24, 1868 – March 1, 1870
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1871 - November 1, 1874
Preceded bySolomon L. Hoge
Succeeded byLewis C. Carpenter
Personal details
BornAugust 11, 1842
Liverpool, EnglandUnited Kingdom (claimed)
DiedAugust 9, 1884 (aged 41)
New Orleans, Louisiana
Resting placeSt. Louis Cemetery No. 2
Political partyRepublican
Professionlawyercivil servant
Signature
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branchSouth Carolina National Guard
Years of service1869–1871
RankCommanding General
Battles/warsReconstruction
Robert Brown Elliott (August 11, 1842 – August 9, 1884) was an African-American member of the United States House of Representatives from South Carolina, serving from 1871-1874.

Early life and education

Robert Brown Elliott's early life is a mystery.[citation needed] He claimed to have been born in Liverpool, England to West Indianimmigrants. But, biographers have been unable to corroborate these facts.

Career

Elliott arrived in South Carolina in 1867 at the age of 25, where he established a law practice. Elliott helped organize the localRepublican Party and served in the state constitutional convention.
In 1868 he was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives. The next year he was appointed assistant adjutant-general; he was the first African-American commanding general of the South Carolina National Guard. As part of his job, he helped form a state militia to fight the Ku Klux Klan.
Elliott was elected as a Republican to the Forty-second and Forty-third United States Congress. He "delivered a celebrated speech" in favor of the Civil Rights Act of 1875.[1] He resigned on November 1, 1874, to fight political corruption in South Carolina. He served again in the South Carolina House of Representatives, where he was elected as Speaker of the House.
He ran successfully for South Carolina Attorney General in 1876. In the state elections that year, white Democrats regained dominance of the state legislature. The following year, 1877, when the last of the federal troops were withdrawn from South Carolina, he was forced out of office.[2]