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Thursday, 30 April 2015

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " GAIL COBB " WAS AN AMERICAN POLICE OFFICER FROM WASHINGTON D.C. WHO WAS THE FIRST FEMALE POLICE OFFICER IN THE UNITED STATES SHOT AND KILLED WHILE PATROLLING IN THE LINE OF DUTY : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK HEROES "

         BLACK  SOCIAL  HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Gail Cobb


Gail A. Cobb
Gail A. Cobb MPDC 1.png
Native nameGail Adrienne Cobb
BornAugust 17, 1950
Washington, D.C., U.S.[1]
DiedSeptember 20, 1974 (aged 24)
Washington, D.C., U.S.[1]
Resting place
Lincoln Memorial Cemetery,SuitlandMaryland, U.S.[1]
38.856275°N 76.948486°W
Alma materSt. Cecilia's Academy[2]
RelativesDamon Demetrius Cobb (son)[2]
Denise Cobb Jackson (sister)[3][1]
Teresa Cobb (sister)[1]
Donald Cobb (brother)[1]
Clinton Cobb, Jr. (brother)[1]
Clinton Cobb (father)[3]
Gloria Cobb (mother)[3]
Police career
DepartmentMetropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia
Badge number321
Allegiance District of Columbia
Country United States of America
Years of serviceOctober 1973 – September 1974[1]
RankOfficer[4]
Gail Adrienne Cobb (August 17, 1950 – September 20, 1974) was an American police officer from Washington, D.C., who was the first female police officer in the United States shot and killed while patrolling in the line of duty. She was also the first sworn female officer of the Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia (MPDC) to have been killed in the line of duty.[1][4][2][5]

Early life and education


Cobb

Cobb
Cobb was born in Washington, D.C. on August 17, 1950, the second of five children, and grew up at a row house near the intersection of 14th and D Street in Northeast, Washington, D.C.[1] Cobb's family moved to Washington, D.C. in the 1930s. Her father was Clinton Cobb, a correctional officer for the District of Columbia who tried to apply to the MPDC in 1953, but was rejected due to being shorter than five feet and eight inches tall. Cobb's mother was Gloria Cobb, a crossing guard at Kingsman Elementary School, who met Cobb's father at Cardoza High School. Cobb's sister, Denise, ultimately went on to become a schoolteacher.[1]
As a child, Cobb attended Catholic schools and was described as an average, but creative and energetic student. She attended Elliot Jr. High School, Eastern High School, as well as the now-defunct St. Cecilia's Academy.[1] Upon graduating St. Cecila's Academy in 1969, Cobb wanted to become a successful fashion designer. However, she had little means and knowledge on how to go about doing so and ended up becoming a long-distance operator at the Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Company.[1] Cobb, a single mother, gave birth to a son, Damon Demetrius Cobb, on February 26, 1970. Her son's father, whom Cobb had met in high school, took no responsibility for his son, and Cobb ended up trying to raise him on her own. Cobb's son is currently serving a life sentence in prison at the Western Correctional Institution inCumberland, Maryland, after being found guilty of first-degree murder in a 1992 killing. Cobb's parents stated in 1996 that they believed that her untimely murder influenced her son's current legal predicament at the time.[1][2][3][6]

Career

In October 1973, Cobb applied to become an officer with the MPDC, much to the surprise of her family and friends, after the Washington, D.C. government lowered the height requirements for police recruits to five feet.[1] Cobb herself was five feet and zero inches tall, and graduated from her 34-member police academy class in April 1974, of which there were 13 female members. She was well-liked by her trainers, who noted that she was hard-working. She spent most of her patrol work on foot and signed up for training to get a scooter license and was taking a night class to learn sign language.[2][1]

Death

Murder of Gail Cobb
LocationVanguard Building (parking garage)
20th and L Streets, Northwest
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Coordinates38°54′14″N 77°2′42″W
DateSeptember 20, 1974
10:30 a.m. (ET)
TargetEastern Liberty Federal Savings & Loan
1170 21st Street, Northwest

Washington, D.C., U.S.
Attack type
Shooting
WeaponHandgun
DeathsGail Cobb
PerpetratorsJohn William Bryant (shooter)
John Curtis Dortch (accomplice)
MotiveBank robbery
Late in the morning of Friday, September 20, 1974, at around 10:30 a.m., two men, John Curtis Dortch, a 29-year-old Howard University graduate and former U.S. Army soldier from Silver Spring, Maryland,[1] and John William Bryant, a 24-year-old man from Washington, D.C.,[1] began making their way to the Eastern Liberty Federal Savings & Loan bank at 21st and L Streets NW, disguised as construction workers, and each carrying a loaded sawed-off shotgun and handgun. They intended to rob the bank.[1][2][7]
Two plainclothes police officers were alerted of the robbery in advance, and saw the two men on the street. The officers stopped them and asked them for identification, before the would-be robbers could even get inside the bank. The two men ran off in separate directions. Cobb was still on probationary duty six months out of the academy and was assigned to foot patrol duty downtown, a block away from the bank. Cobb, who was writing a traffic ticket at the time, was told by a citizen that they saw an armed man run into a garage. Cobb followed the suspect and confronted him inside the garage as he was in the process of changing out of his disguise. Cobb ordered the man to place his hands on the wall. As she called for assistance over her radio, the suspect spun around and fired a single gunshot at Cobb at close range. The bullet went through Cobb's wrist, shattering a wristwatch that was given to her by her mother as a birthday present, through her police radio, where it then penetrated her heart. Cobb died at the scene at 20th and L Street, NW, and responding officers arrested the suspect at the scene.[4][2][5][1][7]
Cobb had served with the MPDC for one year and was the first female MPDC officer to be killed in the line of duty, as well as the first African American law enforcement officer to be killed in the line of duty in the United States.[1] She is survived by her son, Damon Demetrius Cobb, and is buried at Lincoln Memorial Cemetery in Suitland, Maryland, near the border between Washington, D.C. and Prince George's County, Maryland.[1][2][5][8]

Funeral


Cobb's casket being carried by pallbearers at her funeral in 1974.
Cobb's funeral was ornate and large, even by Washington, D.C.'s standards. The streets leading to Holy Comforter Catholic Church in Southeast, Washington, D.C. were lined with hundreds of police officers, some coming all the way from Hawaii, all standing at attention. A police honor guard made several passes along East Capitol Street before entering the church.[2]
Delegations of uniformed officers filed past Cobb's open casket. Cobb herself was not buried in uniform, instead she was wearing a green suit. Her best friend had styled her hair, applied her favorite makeup, and finished with gold hoop earrings that would have been strictly forbidden by uniform regulations for a police officer on duty.[2]
The Mayor of the District of ColumbiaWalter Washington, and FBI Director Clarence Kelley were among the many U.S. government officials who attended the crowded service on Tuesday, September 24, 1974. At the hour of the funeral, U.S. President Gerald R. Ford called for a moment of silence as he addressed an International Association of Police Chiefs conference being held across town.[2]

Legacy

Several weeks after Cobb's funeral, her parents purchased a glass curio cabinet in which to house memorabilia regarding their daughter. They displayed a photograph of Cobb in her MPDC uniform, her police badge, along with a 45 rpm copy of her favorite song, "Tell Her Love Has Felt the Need", by Eddie Kendricks and the Young Senators, which had been sung at her funeral, along with proclamations and letters from government officials, and the uniform boots that Cobb had been wearing when she died. Given an entire section all to its own was a letter from U.S. President Gerald R. Ford, saying that Cobb "has our lasting admiration for the cause of law enforcement and the well-being of our society, a cause for which she made the highest sacrifice."[2]
In 1975, John William Bryant was sentenced to 15 years to life imprisonment after being found guilty by a jury of second-degree murder. He was released on parole in 1992. The following year, in November 1993, he was arrested in Washington, D.C. for possessing crack cocaine as well as three bags of marijuana. However, a court ruled the cocaine and marijuana impermissible in court as the arresting officers did not have probable cause to believe that Bryant was committing a crime when they discovered them. In July 1997, the D.C. Parole Board revoked Bryant's parole for his possessing marijuana and cocaine, as well as testing positive for marijuana use. Bryant denied ever using marijuana. The D.C. Parole Board decided not to send Bryant back to prison, but rather to send him to an inpatient program for alcoholism treatment, much to the dismay of Cobb's relatives.[1]
In 1996, John Curtis Dortch (born July 19, 1945), who was one of the key architects of the robbery that left Cobb dead, attempted to become a lawyer in West Virginia andWashington, D.C., after finishing a 15-year prison term for his being convicted of second-degree murder on July 30, 1975. After being released from prison on parole in 1989 for "good behavior",[1] Dortch became active in church, helped out an AIDS patient, began tutoring and mentoring children, and started attending law school. Dortch, a graduate ofHoward University and a former U.S. Army officer who served in the Vietnam War, was not the triggerman who shot Cobb, however, he attempted to appeal to the courts to allow him to become a lawyer, much to the dismay of Cobb's family and friends. In 1997, the West Virginia Supreme Court denied Dortch permission to practice law in the state in a unanimous 4-0 decision, to the praise of Cobb's surviving family members and friends. Dortch has since written an autobiography of his life, Memoirs of the Prodigal Son: the Road to Redemption, Fifteen Years in Prison and Beyond, released in September 2008.[3][9][10]