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Sunday, 21 June 2015

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " ROBERT N.C. NIX Sr " WAS THE FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN TO REPRESENT PENNSYLVANIA IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK HEROES "

               BLACK    SOCIAL   HISTORY                                                                                                                       Robert N. C. Nix, Sr.


Robert N. C. Nix, Sr.
Robert Nix, Sr..jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1979
Preceded byKathryn E. Granahan
Succeeded byWilliam H. Gray III
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 4th district
In office
May 20, 1958 – January 3, 1963
Preceded byEarl Chudoff
Succeeded byHerman Toll
Personal details
BornAugust 9, 1898
Orangeburg, South Carolina
DiedJune 22, 1987 (aged 88)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Political partyDemocratic
Robert Nelson Cornelius Nix, Sr. (August 9, 1898 – June 22, 1987) was the first African American to represent Pennsylvania in the House of Representatives. The Robert N.C. Nix Federal Building in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is named in his honor.

Early life

Born in Orangeburg, South Carolina, he attended Townsend Harris High School in New York City and graduated from Lincoln University (Pennsylvania) in 1921. He received his law degree from the University of Pennsylvania and began practicing inPhiladelphia. After entering private practice, Nix became active in the Democratic Party as a committeeman from the fourth ward in 1932. He became a special assistant deputy attorney general of Pennsylvania in 1934 and delegate to the 1956 Democratic National Convention.

United States House of Representatives

In 1958, he defeated two opponents in a special election to fill a congressional vacancy left by Earl Chudoff in the House of Representatives. An elected official who rarely wanted or attracted widespread publicity, he supported mostly liberal legislation. He was reelected 10 times. He worked for the passage of the landmark legislation promoting the American Civil Rights Movement and privately sought to prevent the House from denying Rep. Adam Clayton Powell his seat in 1967. In 1975, he introduced an amendment to the Foreign Military Sales Act requiring the Defense Department to provide the U.S. Congress with information on identities of agents who negotiate arms sales for American firms.

Committee service

Congressman Nix served on the Veterans' Affairs Committee, the Foreign Affairs Committee and the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. He was the chairman of the Committee on the Post Office and Civil Service and the chairman of the Subcommittee on International Economic Policy. Congressman Nix served 20 years before losing to William H. Gray III in the primary in 1978.

Family

Congressman Nix's son, Robert N. C. Nix, Jr., became the first African American to be elected to statewide office in Pennsylvania when he was elected to the Pennsylvania Supreme Court.