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Friday, 9 October 2015

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " STEPHANIE TUBBS JONES " WAS A POLITICIAN AND MEMBER OF THE UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND REPRESENTED THE 11th DISTICT OF OHIO : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

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 Stephanie Tubbs Jones


Stephanie Tubbs Jones
Stephanie Tubbs Jones official headshot.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 11th district
In office
January 3, 1999 – August 20, 2008
Preceded byLouis Stokes
Succeeded byMarcia Fudge
Personal details
BornStephanie Tubbs
September 10, 1949
Cleveland, Ohio, USA
DiedAugust 20, 2008 (aged 58)
East Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Resting placeCrestwood Cemetery Bay Village, Ohio
NationalityAmerican
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Mervyn L. Jones, Sr. (1976–2003; his death)
ResidenceCleveland
Alma materCase Western Reserve University
Occupationattorney
ReligionBaptist
Stephanie Tubbs Jones (September 10, 1949 – August 20, 2008)[1][2][3] was a Democratic politician and member of the United States House of Representatives. She represented the 11th District of Ohio, which encompasses most of downtown and eastern Cleveland and many of the eastern suburbs in Cuyahoga County, including EuclidCleveland Heights, and Shaker Heights. She was the first African-American woman to be elected to Congress from Ohio.
On December 19, 2006, Tubbs Jones was named Chairwoman of the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct for the110th Congress. She was also a member of the House Ways and Means Committee.
On August 19, 2008, Tubbs Jones was found unconscious in her car, having suffered a cerebral hemorrhage caused by a burstaneurysm. She was taken to an East Cleveland hospital, where she died the next day.[4]

Early life, education, and family

Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Tubbs Jones graduated from the city's Collinwood High School. She earned an undergraduate degree fromCase Western Reserve University, graduating with a degree in Social Work from the Flora Stone Mather College in 1971. In 1974, she earned a Juris Doctor from the Case Western Reserve University School of Law.
On November 27, 1976, she married Mervyn L. Jones. Less than a year before they married, Mervyn Jones had been charged with aggravated murder and robbery. He eventually pleaded guilty to a lesser count of manslaughter and received "shock probation."[5]The couple were married for 27 years until Mervyn's death, October 2, 2003. They had one son, Mervyn Leroy Jones, Jr. Tubbs Jones was a member of Delta Sigma Theta sorority. She was actively involved in the National Five Point Thrust Programs of hersorority, particularly Social Action and Political Awareness as an integral part of "Delta Days at the Nations Capital".
Tubbs Jones was Golden Life Member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.

Political and legal career]

Tubbs Jones was elected a judge of the Cleveland Municipal Court (1981) and subsequently served on the Court of Common Pleasof Cuyahoga County (1983–91).
In 1990, she ran for Justice of the Supreme Court of Ohio replacing Mary Cacioppo, the winner of the Democratic Primary, who withdrew for health reasons. She narrowly lost that race to Republican incumbent J. Craig Wright.[6]
She then served as the Cuyahoga County Prosecutor from 1991 until resigning in early 1999 to take her seat in Congress. She was succeeded as prosecutor by William D. Mason.
Tubbs Jones served as board member of The Hawken School from 1996–2004.

U.S. House of Representatives


Stephanie Tubbs Jones (left) with fellow congresswomen Laura Richardson ofCalifornia (center) and Yvette Clarke of New York (right).

Marc Katz (left), President of the North-American Interfraternity Conference presents Tubbs Jones with the NIC Silver Medal.
In 1998, Tubbs Jones won the Democratic nomination for the 11th District after 30-year incumbent Louis Stokes announced his retirement. This all but assured her of election in the heavily Democratic, black-majority 11th. She was reelected four times with no substantive opposition.
Tubbs Jones was a co-chairwoman of the Democratic National Committee. She opposed the Iraq war, voting in 2002 against the use of military force. Despite representing a heavily unionized district, she was a strong proponent of free trade. Tubbs Jones most recently took a lead role in the fight to pass the United States – Peru Trade Promotion Agreement in November 2007.
In 2004, she served as the chairwoman of the platform committee at the Democratic National Convention and as a member of the Ohio delegation. She strongly supported Sen. John Kerry in his campaign to become President of the United States. On January 6, 2005, she joined U.S. Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) in objecting to the certification of the 2004 U.S. presidential election results for Ohio.
As the sponsor, she was one of the 31 who voted in the House to not count the electoral votes from Ohio in the 2004 election.[7]
In 2005, she came under fire from certain individuals[specify] after being named the congressperson with the fourth-highest (59)[8] total trips sponsored by lobbyists.[citation needed] She was selected by Speaker Nancy Pelosi as chairperson of the House Ethics Committeeto watch over the standards of ethical conduct for members of the House. Tubbs Jones was popular in her district, and was routinely reelected against nominal Republican opposition. She received 83.44% of the vote in her final general election in 2006, againstRepublican Lindsey String. She faced no opposition in the 2008 Ohio Democratic primary.
Tubbs Jones appeared on The Colbert Report's "Better Know a District" in an episode which aired November 3, 2005. In the skit, Colbert suggested she create a spin-off vehicle for herself as "Judge Tubbs." She became a good friend of the show after the broadcast. Colbert paid tribute to Tubbs Jones at the close of his August 27, 2008 broadcast by airing her "Judge Tubbs" footage.[9]
Tubbs Jones was a strong and early supporter of Hillary Clinton in Clinton's run for president in the 2008 Democratic presidential primary. She later supported Barack Obama after Clinton conceded.

Death

On August 19, 2008, while driving her car, Congresswoman Tubbs Jones suffered a cerebral hemorrhage due to a burst aneurysm in her brain. Police had noticed erratic driving and identified the unconscious Tubbs Jones after her vehicle left the roadway and came to a stop in a field.[10][11][12] She was taken to the intensive care unit of Huron Hospital, a satellite of the Cleveland Clinic, where she was put onlife support. Due to hemorrhaging, she remained in unstable and critical condition.[13][14][15]
Tubbs Jones died August 20 at 6:12 p.m. EDT of complications from the brain hemorrhage.[2][3] A special election was ordered by Ohio Governor Ted Strickland for November 18, 2008, to elect a successor to serve out the remainder of her term.[16][17] Warrensville Heights Mayor Marcia Fudge, the Democratic nominee, won the election.[18]

Electoral history

Ohio's 11th congressional district: Results 1998–2006[19]
YearDemocratVotesPctRepublicanVotesPct3rd PartyPartyVotesPct3rd PartyPartyVotesPct
1998Stephanie Tubbs Jones115,22680%James Hereford18,59213%Jean M. CapersIndependent9,4777%
2000Stephanie Tubbs Jones164,13485%James J. Sykora21,63011%Joel C. TurnerLibertarian4,2302%Sonja GlavinaNatural Law3,5252%
2002Stephanie Tubbs Jones116,59076%Patrick Pappano36,14624%
2004Stephanie Tubbs Jones222,371100%(no candidate)
2006Stephanie Tubbs Jones146,79983%Lindsey N. String29,12517%