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Tuesday, 24 November 2015

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFR-PAPUAIN " BENNY WENDA " IS A WEST PAPUAN INDEPENDENCE LEADER AND AN INTERNATIONAL LOBBYIST FOR THE INDEPENDENCE OF WEST PAPUA : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GEROES "

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Benny Wenda
Benny Wenda
Benny Wenda.png
Speaking at the launch of IPWP in the Houses of Parliament, London, October 2008
Leader of the Koteka Tribal Assembly, DeMMak, Free West Papua Campaign
Personal details
Born 1975
Baliem Valley, Papua
Alma mater Jayapura
Website www.bennywenda.org
Benny Wenda is a West Papuan independence leader and an international lobbyist for the independence of West Papua from Indonesia. He lives in exile in the United Kingdom. In 2003 he was granted political asylum by the British government following his escape from custody while on trial.

He has acted as special representative of the Papuan people in the British Parliament, United Nations and European Parliament.[1] In 2014 he was appointed as the spokesman for the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), a new organisation uniting the three main political organisations struggling for the independence of West Papua.[2]

Contents  
1 Early life
2 Political leadership
3 Imprisonment
4 Interpol
5 Free West Papua Campaign
6 International Parliamentarians for West Papua
7 International Lawyers for West Papua
8 The Lani Singers
9 Documentary
10 Family life

Early life
Wenda was born in 1975 in Pyramid Village in the Baliem Valley, in the central highlands of West Papua. In 1977 there was a rebellion of 15,000 Lani people in response to Indonesian military violence towards Papuans. The Indonesian military retaliated, with aircraft bombing Lani villages in the highlands. Those killed included many of Wenda's family. During the bombing raids, one of Wenda's leg was severely injured leading to impaired growth. Between 1977 and 1983 Benny and his family, along with thousands of other highlanders, lived in hiding in the jungle.[3] He was appointed leader by the elders in his tribe, and later after the Lani people surrendered to the Indonesian military he attended a state university, in Jayapura, studying Sociology.

Political leadership
Wenda became Secretary-General of Demmak (Dewan Musyawarah Masyarakat Koteka), the Koteka Tribal Assembly. Demmak was established by highland tribal elders with the goal of working towards recognition and protection of the customs, values and beliefs of the tribal people of the West Papuan Highlands. It advocates independence from Indonesia, and rejects special autonomy or any other political compromise offered by the Indonesian government. As Secretary-General of Demmak, Wenda represented the council of elders. The organisation supported PDP negotiations with Jakarta to the extent that they represented the aspiration of the Papuan peoples, which they claimed was independence from Indonesia.[4]

Imprisonment
Wenda was taken into trial in 2002 for allegedly leading a procession of people in an independence rally. The demonstration turned violent, with Indonesian authorities alleging that those present torched two shops and murdered a policeman.[5] Wenda maintains that his arrest and the charges against him were politically motivated, coming at a time when authorities were clamping down on leaders of the independence movement. This clampdown had led to the assassination a few months earlier of the leading pro-independence figure Theys Eluay.[6] Media reports state that Wenda was facing a 25-year jail sentence if found guilty. He was also allegedly subjected to death threats whilst being held in custody.[4]

Wenda escaped prison while on trial. Helped by West Papua independence activists he was smuggled across the border to neighbouring Papua New Guinea. He was later reunited with his wife Maria at a refugee camp. Several months after this he was helped by a European NGO to travel to the UK where he was granted political asylum.[7][8][9]

Interpol
In 2011, the Indonesian Government issued an Interpol red notice seeking Mr Wenda's arrest and extradition. However, after a campaign led by Fair Trials International, in 2012 Interpol removed the red notice after an investigation concluded that the allegations against Mr Wenda were "politically motivated and an abuse of the system" by the Indonesian Government.[10][11][12]

Speaking after Interpol had announced they had removed the red notice from their database, Jago Russell, Fair Trials International's chief executive stated "Interpol should be used to fight serious crime but Indonesia has been misusing it to threaten a peaceful political activist".[12] In an interview with UK national the Daily Telegraph newspaper, Mr Wenda stated that he hoped attention would now “shift to the plight of my people in West Papua, who continue to suffer under an Indonesian regime that denies them almost every basic right that people in the west take for granted."[11]

Free West Papua Campaign
After arriving in the United Kingdom, Benny became the leading spokesperson for the Free West Papua Campaign, which was founded in 2004 by a group of pro-Papuan activists in Oxford. The campaign's stated aims are to spread awareness of the human rights situation and independence aspirations of the people of West Papua, through lobbying governments and developing support throughout civil society. The Free West Papua Campaign movement in the UK has grown to include permanent student groups at British universities and regional groups, as well as permanent offices in Oxford, the Hague and Port Moresby.[4]

In February 2013 Wenda undertook a 'Freedom Tour' to the US, New Zealand, Australia, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu, with the aim of raising awareness of the self-determination issue.[13] He was blocked from holding a speech at New Zealand national parliament. Opposition parties accused the government of not wanting to upset the Indonesian Government, an important trading partner. Politicians of Greens, Labour and Mana said the decision went "against the spirit of Parliament".[14]

In April 2013, Wenda was joined by Mohammed Abassi, the Lord Mayor of Oxford and local MP Andrew Smith for the opening of a new headquarters for the Free West Papua Campaign.[15] The opening provoked an angry response from the Indonesian Government, with the British Ambassador to Indonesia being summoned to explain why the UK had allowed the office to open.[16]
In May 2013, Wenda spoke at the Sydney Opera House as part of the TEDx series, getting a standing ovation in front of the audience of 2500 people.[17] His appearance again provoked an angry response from the Indonesian Authorities, with them launching an official complaint with the Australian Government within hours of him taking the stage.[17]

International Parliamentarians for West Papua
With British MP Andrew Smith and the peer Lord Harries, Benny Wenda is a founding member of the International Parliamentarians for West Papua. This cross-parliamentary group was launched at the Houses Of Parliament in London in October 2008, and was attended by British parliamentarians including Lembit Öpik and LordBaron Avebury Avebury, as well as politicians from Papua New Guinea, Australia and Vanuatu.[18]

The group is actively developing support from politicians around the world, and its overall aim is to assert enough political pressure on the United Nations to implement a re-run of the Act of Free Choice. As well as the UK launch, IPWP has also had launch events in the European Parliament, Scottish Parliament and also Papua New Guinea.

International Lawyers for West Papua
In April 2009, Benny Wenda launched the International Lawyers for West Papua. The launch saw a series of high level meetings held by international lawyers in Guyana in South America. The aim of this group is to develop a framework within the international legal community towards outlining the legal basis for West Papuan self-determination, and the "illegality" of the Indonesian "occupation of West Papua".[19] The launch of International Lawyers for West Papua coincided with Guyana stating their support for West Papuan independence.[20]

The Lani Singers
Benny and his wife Maria perform traditional West Papuan music as The Lani Singers. In 2008 they released their debut album. Entitled 'Ninalik Ndawi' (Freedom Song), it received reviews in national newspapers including the Guardian and Observer, and music magazines fRoots, Songlines and the Wire. They also did interviews and live sessions on 'World Routes' on BBC Radio 3 and 'A World In London' BBC Radio London.[21] They have also performed at Musicport Festival, Glastonbury Festival and the Thames Festival in London.

Documentary
A documentary about Benny Wenda, The Road to Home, was released in 2015.

Family life
Benny and Maria met while studying in West Papua, and have been married since 1999. Since being granted political asylum by the British Government they have lived in Oxford with their children.