Alexandre do Nascimento
Cardinal, Archbishop Emeritus of Luanda
See San Marco in Agro Laurentino
Appointed 16 February 1986
Term ended 23 January 2001
Predecessor Eduardo André Muaca
Successor Damião António Franklin
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of San Marco in Agro Laurentino
Ordination 20 December 1952
by Luigi Traglia
Consecration 31 August 1975
by Giovanni De Andrea
Created Cardinal 2 February 1983
Born 1 March 1925 (age 90)
Denomination Roman Catholic
Bishop of Malanje (1975-1977)
Archbishop of Lubango (1977-1986)
Motto turres fortissima nomen domini
Coat of arms
Alexandre do Nascimento
Coat of arms of Alexandre do Nascimento.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Luanda (emeritus)
Alexandre do Nascimento (born 1 March 1925) is an Angolan Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Luanda from 1986 to 2001, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1983.
Born in Malanje, do Nascimento studied at the seminaries in Banglas, Malanje, and Luanda before traveling to Rome in 1948 to study at the Pontifical Gregorian University, from where he obtained his baccalaureate in philosophy and his licentiate in theology. He was ordained to the priesthood by Archbishop Luigi Traglia on 20 December 1952, and then taught dogmatic theology at the Luanda seminary and served as chief editor of the Catholic newspaper O apostolado until 1956, whence he became preacher of the metropolitan cathedral.
In 1961, with the outbreak of the War of Independence, Nascimento was forced to enter exile in Lisbon. Whilst in Portugal, he did pastoral work, served as a counselor to the Movement of Teams of Our Lady, and studied civil law at the Classical University. Upon returning to Angola in 1971, he taught moral theology at the Pius XII Institute of Social Sciences, and served as an official of the archdiocesan curia of Lubango, secretary general of the Angolan Cáritas, and special assistant to students and former political prisoners.
On 10 August 1975, Nascimento was appointed the fourth bishop of Malanje by Pope Paul VI. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 31 August from Archbishop Giovanni De Andrea, with Archbishops Manuel Nunes Gabriel and Eduardo Muaca serving as co-consecrators. Nascimento was Vice-President of the Angolan Episcopal Conference from 1975 to 1981, and was named the third Archbishop of Lubango on 3 February 1977. Archbishop do Nascimento was kidnapped by guerrillas during a pastoral visit on 15 October 1982; he was later freed on 16 November of that same year after Pope John Paul II made an appeal for his release.
John Paul II created him Cardinal-Priest of S. Marco in Agro Laurentino in the consistory of 2 February 1983. He preached the Lenten spiritual exercises for the Pope and members of the Roman Curia in 1984. The Cardinal was appointed the thirty-fourth Archbishop of Luanda on 16 February 1986, later resigning this post on 23 January 2001.
Nascimento lost the right to participate in any future papal conclave upon reaching the age of 80 on 1 March 2005, just weeks before the 2005 papal conclave.