Slavery in the Bible
- The costly and compulsory giving of gifts was restricted the 7th-year manumission only
- The price of freedom was reduced to a proportion of the original purchase price rather than the total fee of a hired servant, and could be reduced further if the slave had become weak or sickly (and therefore less saleable).
- Voluntary manumission became officially possible, with the introduction of the manumission deed (the shetar shihrur), which was counted as prima facie proof of manumission.
- Verbal declarations of manumission could no longer be revoked.
- Putting phylacteries on the slave, or making him publicly read three or more verses from the Torah, was counted as a declaration of the slave's manumission
- Extremely long term sickness, for up to 4 years in total, couldn't count against the slave's right to manumission after six years of enslavement
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O Devi of the Kulas! the human body is the receptacle of piety, wealth, desires, and final liberation. It should therefore never be the subject of purchase; and such a purchase is by reason of my commands invalid.