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Saturday, 21 February 2015

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " COLONEL BENJAMIN ALVIN DREW " IS A UNITED STATES AIR FORCE OFFICER AND A NASA ASTRONAUT : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

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Alvin Drew


Benjamin Alvin Drew
Alvin drew-2007.jpg
NASA Astronaut
NationalityAmerican
StatusNASA Management
BornNovember 5, 1962(age 52)
Washington, D.C.
Other occupation
Command Pilot
RankUS-O6 insignia.svg ColonelUSAF
Time in space
25 days, 13 hours[1]
Selection2000 NASA Group
Total EVAs
2
Total EVA time
12 hours, 48 minutes
MissionsSTS-118STS-133
Mission insignia
STS-118 patch new.png STS-133 patch.png
Colonel Benjamin Alvin Drew (born November 5, 1962) is a United States Air Force officer and a NASA astronaut. He has been on two spaceflights; the first was the Space Shuttle mission STS-118 to the International Space Station, in August 2007.[2] Drew's second spaceflight took place in March 2011 on STS-133, another mission to the International Space Station. STS-133 was Space Shuttle Discovery's final mission. Drew took part in two spacewalks while docked to the station. Drew was the final African-Americanto fly on board a Space Shuttle, as the final two Space Shuttle missions, STS-134 and STS-135, had no African-American crew members.
Drew was selected to be an astronaut in NASA's Astronaut Group 18 in July 2000. Following his rookie spaceflight, Drew spent almost a year at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonauts Training Center in Star CityRussia, overseeing NASA's training operations there as Director of Operations.
On February 28, 2011, Drew became the 200th person to walk in space, when he conducted the first spacewalk of the STS-133 mission with fellow astronaut Steve Bowen.[3]

Early life

Drew was born in 1962 in Washington, D.C., and spent his early years in LanhamMaryland. He moved to Brookland, Washington, D.C. when he was four years old.[4] Drew recalls having a desire to be a pilot from as early as four years old.[4] In October 1968, at the age of five, Drew saw the Apollo 7 launch on television, and thereafter reputedly wished to become astronaut.[4]
After graduating from St. Anthony Catholic School in 1977 for his elementary education, he graduated from Gonzaga College High School in Washington, DC, and went on to earn a dual B.S. degree in physics and astronautical engineering from the United States Air Force Academy in 1984, and a M.S. degree in aerospace science from Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. He then earned a Master's degree in political science from the Air War College.[5]

Military career

Drew received his commission as a Second Lieutenant from the United States Air Force Academy in May 1984. He completed Undergraduate Helicopter Pilot Training at Fort RuckerAlabama, in 1985. His initial assignment was to the HH-3E, flying combat rescue missions. He later transitioned to the MH-60G and was assigned to the Air Force Special Operations Command. There, he flew combat missions in operations Just CauseDesert ShieldDesert Storm and Operation Provide Comfort. He completed USAF Fixed-Wing Qualification in 1993, and the United States Naval Test Pilot School in June 1994. He has commanded two flight test units and served on Air Combat Command staff.[5]
Drew is a Command Pilot with over 3,000 hours flying time, flown in over 30 types of aircraft. He retired from the Air Force in September 2010, after more than 25 years of service.[5]

NASA career

Selected as a mission specialist by NASA in July 2000, Drew reported for training in August 2000. Following the completion of two years of training and evaluation, he was assigned technical duties in the Astronaut Office Station Operations Branch. He served in technical assignments until he took a sabbatical to the U.S. Air Force’s Air University atMaxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, attending a Master’s Degree program at their Air War College.[5]
After his first successful spaceflight, STS-118, he worked as CAPCOM officer in Mission Control for the Mission of STS-123. Drew then spent almost a year in Russia as the Director of Operations overseeing the US operations at Yuri Gagarin Cosmonauts Training Center in Star City.[5] On April 21, 2009 he delivered a lecture “Space Shuttle Flight-118: A Mission to Build the International Space Station” at the ELE public forum in Moscow.[6]

STS-118

Main article: STS-118
When Clayton Anderson was moved to STS-117 Drew was selected for the available position on STS-118.[7]

STS-133


Drew and Nicole Stott during Flight Day 2 of STS-133
Drew served as a Mission Specialist on STS-133, the final flight of the Space Shuttle Discovery. This mission launched on February 24, 2011, and docked with the space station two days later. Landing occurred on March 9. Drew's role on this crew was that of a Mission Specialist, and he conducted two spacewalks. On February 28, Drew became the 200th person to walk in space.[8]

Awards and honors

Drew's decorations include the Meritorious Service Medal with 1 Oak Leaf Cluster; Air MedalAerial Achievement Medal with 5 Oak Leaf Clusters; Air Force Commendation Medal with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters; Air Force Achievement MedalAir Force Outstanding Unit Award with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters; Combat Readiness Medal with 5 Oak Leaf Clusters; National Defense Service MedalArmed Forces Expeditionary Medal; and the Southwest Asia Service Medal with 3 service stars.[5]