Google+ Badge BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY

Monday, 9 May 2016

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY - AFRICAN AMERICAN " W.E.B. DU BOIS " WAS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT AFRICAN AMERICAN ACTIVISTS DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE 20th CENTURY - GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

                                                       BLACK      SOCIAL      HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
































































































































































W W.E.B. Du Bois Biography
Journalist, Educator, Civil Rights Activist (1868–1963)

NAME
W.E.B. Du Bois
OCCUPATION
Journalist, Educator, Civil Rights Activist
BIRTH DATE
February 23, 1868
DEATH DATE
August 27, 1963
EDUCATION
Harvard University, Fisk University, Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität (now Humboldt-Universität), University of Berlin
PLACE OF BIRTH
Great Barrington, Massachusetts
PLACE OF DEATH
Accra, Ghana
AKA
W.E.B. Du Bois
William Du Bois
FULL NAME
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
SYNOPSIS
EARLY LIFE
WRITING AND ACTIVISM
PAN-AFRICANISM AND DEATH
VIDEOS
RELATED VIDEOS
CITE THIS PAGE
W.E.B. Du Bois was one of the most important African-American activists during the first half of the 20th century. He co-founded the NAACP and supported Pan-Africanism.
IN THESE GROUPS

FAMOUS PEOPLE IN WRITING & PUBLISHING
FAMOUS PEOPLE IN JOURNALISM & NONFICTION
FAMOUS COMMUNISTS
FAMOUS U.S. EX-PATS
Show All Groups
1 of 13 « »
QUOTES
“One ever feels his 'twoness'—an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.”
—W.E.B. Du Bois

W.E.B. Du Bois - Mini Biography (TV-14; 3:46) In 1895, W.E.B. Du Bois became the first African American to earn a doctorate from Harvard. He fought for African American rights and cofounded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
Synopsis

Scholar and activist W.E.B. Du Bois was born on February 23, 1868, in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. In 1895, he became the first African American to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard University. Du Bois wrote extensively and was the best known spokesperson for African-American rights during the first half of the 20th century. He co-founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in 1909. Du Bois died in Ghana in 1963.

Early Life

William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, better known as W.E.B. Du Bois, was born on February 23, 1868, in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. While growing up in a mostly European American town, W.E.B. Du Bois identified himself as "mulatto," but freely attended school with whites and was enthusiastically supported in his academic studies by his white teachers. In 1885, he moved to Nashville, Tennessee, to attend Fisk University. It was there that he first encountered Jim Crow laws. For the first time, he began analyzing the deep troubles of American racism.

After earning his bachelor's degree at Fisk, Du Bois entered Harvard University. He paid his way with money from summer jobs, scholarships and loans from friends. After completing his master's degree, he was selected for a study-abroad program at the University of Berlin. While a pupil in Germany, he studied with some of the most prominent social scientists of his day and was exposed to political perspectives that he touted for the remainder of his life.

Du Bois became the first African American to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1895, and went on to enroll as a doctoral student at Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität (now Humboldt-Universität). (He would be awarded an honorary doctoral degree from Humboldt decades later, in 1958.)

Advertisement — Continue reading below

Writing and Activism

Not long after, Du Bois published his landmark study—the first case study of an African-American community—The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study (1899), marking the beginning of his expansive writing career. In the study, he coined the phrase "the talented tenth," a term that described the likelihood of one in 10 black men becoming leaders of their race.

While working as a professor at Atlanta University, W.E.B. Du Bois rose to national prominence when he very publicly opposed Booker T. Washington's "Atlanta Compromise," an agreement that asserted that vocational education for blacks was more valuable to them than social advantages like higher education or political office. Du Bois criticized Washington for not demanding equality for African Americans, as granted by the 14th Amendment. Du Bois fought what he believed was an inferior strategy, subsequently becoming a spokesperson for full and equal rights in every realm of a person's life.

In 1903, Du Bois published his seminal work, The Souls of Black Folk, a collection of 14 essays. In the years following, he adamantly opposed the idea of biological white superiority and vocally supported women's rights. In 1909, he co-founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and served as editor of its monthly magazine, The Crisis.

Pan-Africanism and Death

A proponent of Pan-Africanism, Du Bois helped organize several Pan-African Congresses to free African colonies from European powers. 

W.E.B. Du Bois died on August 27, 1963—one day before Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech at the March on Washington—at the age of 95, in Accra, Ghana, while working on an encyclopedia of the African Diaspora.

Videos

W.E.B. DuBois - Civil Rights Pioneer
W.E.B. DuBois - Civil Rights Pioneer
(TV-PG; 2:21)
W.E.B. DuBois - Rivalry with Booker T. Washington
W.E.B. DuBois - Rivalry with Booker T. Washington
(TV-PG; 2:15)
W.E.B. Du Bois - The Niagara Movement
W.E.B. Du Bois - The Niagara Movement
(TV-14; 3:44)
W.E.B. Du Bois - Mini Biography
W.E.B. Du Bois - Mini Biography
(TV-14; 3:46)