Google+ Badge BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY

Sunday, 8 May 2016

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY - AFRO-SCOTTISH " BLACK SCOTTISH PEOPLE - THE BLACK POPULATION OF SCOTLAND HAS A LONG HISTORY.

                                                   BLACK      SOCIAL     HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
















Black Scottish people
Afro-Scottish
Total population
(Scotland Scotland 37,000 (2011)[1]
African - 30,000
Black Caribbean - 3,000
Black /Other Black - 4,000)
Regions with significant populations
Aberdeen 2.6%, Glasgow 2.4%, Edinburgh 1.4%
Languages
Scottish English Highland English Scottish Gaelic Scots English language African English Caribbean English African languages
Religion
Predominantly Christianity; minorities follow Islam, other faiths Bahá'í Faith, Rastafarianism
Black Scottish people (also referred to as the Black Scottish, and Black Scots) represent a small proportion (less than 1 per cent according to the 2011 census, although rapidly rising) of the country's overall population, although the Black population of Scotland has a long history.[1]

Contents 
1 History
2 Black people in Scotland
3 Notable examples
3.1 Entertainment
3.2 Sport
3.2.1 Association Football
3.2.2 Rugby union
3.2.3 Shinty
3.3 Miscellaneous
4 In fiction
History
Scottish 'Tobacco Lords' played a leading role in the slave trade and by 1817 it was estimated that one third of all slaves in Jamaica were held by these Scots.[2] This role in slavery led to the first significant documented Black population in Scotland, as slave owners brought slaves back to serve as household servants. In some cases, slaves were freed through manumission.[3]

According to the 2011 UK Census people self described as African, Caribbean, Black or any other Black background make up around 1.0 per cent of Scotland's population, compared to 3.0 per cent of the overall UK population.[4][5]

Black people in Scotland
A report in 2000 suggested that Black people in Scotland had difficulties in feeling a sense of Scottish identity,[6] whilst there has also been criticism that Black people are not well represented in Scottish society generally.[7]

Notable examples
Entertainment
Tony Osoba (actor)
Finley Quaye (musician)
Emeli Sandé (musician)
Eunice Olumide (model, fashion designer, presenter)
Nicolette (musician)
Shereen Cutkelvin (singer in girl group Neon Jungle)
Kayus Bankole (member of Mercury Prize winners Young Fathers)
Alloysious Massaquoi (member of Mercury Prize winners Young Fathers)
Sport
Association Football
The British Guiana-born Andrew Watson is widely considered to be the world's first black association footballer to play at international level.[8][9][10] He was capped three times for Scotland between 1881 and 1882. Watson also played for Queen's Park, the leading Scottish club at the time, and later became their secretary. He led the team to several Scottish Cup wins, thus becoming the first black player to win a major competition.[10]

With some brief exceptions, such as Jamaican Gil Heron at Celtic, Walter Tull signing for Rangers, and John Walker at Hearts, Black players largely disappeared from Scottish football for the next 100 years until the arrival of Mark Walters at Rangers in 1988. Walters arrival at the club resulted in incidents of racial abuse.[11][12]

Subsequently a number of Black players have appeared for leading clubs, listed below. The Scotland national team did not call up a second Black player until Nigel Quashie, an English-born midfielder whose grandfather was from Scotland, made his debut against Estonia in May 2004.[13] Subsequently Coatbridge native Chris Iwelumo, who is half-Nigerian, has also played for Scotland. Other notable black players include: