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Friday, 18 September 2015

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " DONALD M. PAYNE " WAS AN AMERICAN POLITICIAN WHO WAS THE U.S. REPRESENTATIVE FOR NEW JERSEY 10th CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

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Donald M. Payne


Donald M. Payne
Donald M Payne Official.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 10th district
In office
January 3, 1989 – March 6, 2012
Preceded byPeter Rodino
Succeeded byDonald M. Payne Jr
Personal details
BornDonald Milford Payne
July 16, 1934
Newark, New Jersey
DiedMarch 6, 2012 (aged 77)
Livingston, New Jersey
Resting place
Glendale Cemetery
Bloomfield, New Jersey
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Hazel Johnson (1958–1963; her death)[1]
ResidenceNewark, New Jersey
Alma materSeton Hall University
Springfield College
OccupationFinancial executive
ReligionBaptist
Donald Milford Payne (July 16, 1934 – March 6, 2012) was an American politician who was the U.S. Representative for New Jersey's 10th congressional district from 1989 to 2012. He was a member of the Democratic Party. The district encompasses most of the city of Newark, parts of Jersey City and Elizabeth, and some suburban communities in Essex and Union counties. He was the first African American to represent New Jersey in Congress.[2]

Early life, education, and early political career

Payne was born in Newark and was a 1952 graduate of Barringer High School. He did his undergraduate studies at Seton Hall University, graduating in 1957. After graduating he pursued post-graduate studies in Springfield College in Massachusetts. Before being elected to Congress in 1988, Payne was an executive at Prudential Financial, Vice President of Urban Data Systems Inc., and a teacher in the Newark Public Schools.[3] In 1970, Payne became the first black president of the National Council of YMCAs.[4] From 1973 to 1981 he was Chairman of the World Y.M.C.A. Refugee and Rehabilitation Committee.[5]
Payne's political career began in 1972, when he was elected to the Essex County Board of Chosen Freeholders, serving three terms. In 1982, he was elected to the Newark Municipal Council and served three terms, resigning in 1988 shortly after his election to Congress.

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

Payne ran against U.S. Congressman Peter Rodino in the 1980 and 1986 Democratic primaries but lost both times. Rodino retired in 1988 after 40 years in Congress. Payne defeated fellow Municipal Councilman Ralph T. Grant, Jr. in the Democratic primary, the real contest in this heavily Democratic, black-majority district. He was re-elected nine times with no substantive opposition, never dropping below 75% of the vote.
1996 Results
  • Don Payne (D) 84.16%
  • Vanessa Williams (R) 14.62%
  • Harley Tyler (NL) 0.79%
  • Toni Jackson (SWP) 0.43%
1998 Results
  • Don Payne (D) 84%
  • William Wnuck (R) 11%
2000 Results
  • Donald M. Payne (D) 87.5%
  • Dirk B. Weber (R) 12.1%
  • Maurice Williams (I) 0.4%
In the 2002 general election, Payne was reelected with 84.5% of the vote, receiving a higher margin of the vote than in any other New Jersey Congressional race run that year. In 2004, the Republicans didn't even put up a candidate, and Payne was reelected with 97% of the vote, against Green Party candidate Toy-Ling Washington[6] and Socialist Workers Party candidate Sara J. Lobman. In 2006, Payne was completely unopposed in the primary and general elections. In 2008, he won 99% of the vote against Green candidate Michael Taber. In 2010, Payne defeated little-known candidate Micheal Alonso.

Tenure

Payne's voting record was considered to have been the most consistently progressive of all New Jersey Congressmen at the time of his death. He was pro-choice and against thedeath penalty. He was a member, and former chair, of the Congressional Black Caucus and was chosen in 2002 by House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi to serve on theDemocratic Steering Committee. The Democratic Steering Committee chooses which House Committees each individual Democratic Congressmen will serve on and also plays a crucial part in shaping the Democratic legislative agenda. In international issues, Payne was active on issues relating to Africa, particularly regarding the conflict in the Darfurregion of Sudan and the Western Sahara conflict.
As a leading advocate of education, Payne was instrumental in the passage of key legislation, including the Goals 2000 initiative to improve elementary and secondary schools; the School-to-Work Opportunities Act; the National Service Act, establishment of the National Literacy Institute; and funding for Head Start, Pell Grants, Summer Jobs and Student Loans.
Payne was also a member of the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs, where he served as Chairman of the United States House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health and as a member of the Subcommittee on the United States House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere and the United States House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on International Organizations, Human Rights, and Oversight. Congressman Payne was at the forefront of efforts to restore democracy and human rights in nations throughout the globe. He was one of five members of Congress chosen to accompany President Bill Clinton and Hillary Rodham Clinton on their historic six-nation tour of Africa. He also headed a Presidential mission to war-torn Rwanda [7] to help find solutions to that country's political and humanitarian crises. In addition, he was recognized as having the most supportive record in Congress on issues involving the Northern Ireland peace process.
On June 22, 2001 Payne was arrested after protesting against the Sudanese government at its Embassy in Washington, D.C..[8] He was a supporter of and endorsed theGenocide Intervention Network.
In 2003, President George W. Bush appointed Payne as one of two members of Congress to serve as a Congressional delegate to the United Nations and reappointed him in 2005 to an unprecedented second term. In this role, he met with the U.N. Secretary General, the U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. and regularly attended sessions of the U.N. General Assembly and other high level meetings.
He was one of the 31 who voted in the House to not count the electoral votes from Ohio in the 2004 presidential election.[9]
Payne received an "A" on the liberal Drum Major Institute's 2005 Congressional Scorecard on middle-class issues.[10]
Payne served on the board of directors of the National Endowment for DemocracyTransAfricaDiscovery Channel Global Education Fund, the Congressional Award Foundation, the Boys and Girls Clubs of Newark, the Newark Day Center, the Fighting Back Initiative and the Newark YMCA. He received numerous awards and honors from national, international and community-based organizations, including the Visionaries Award bestowed by the Africa Society and the prestigious Democracy Service Medal, which was previously awarded to Lech Walesa, the former Polish President and founder of the Solidarity movement, by the National Endowment for Democracy.
Payne supported Senator Barack Obama in his bid for the Democratic presidential nomination after originally supporting Hillary Clinton.[citation needed]
Attack in Somalia
On April 13, 2009, Payne's plane was departing from MogadishuSomalia, when Somali fighters fired mortars at the airport. Payne was unhurt, as his plane was already bound for Kenya. The attack came just one day after Captain Richard Phillips was rescued from Somali pirates after their failed hijacking of the MV Maersk Alabama. Payne stated that his party on the plane did not know the airport was attacked until after they arrived in Kenya[11][12][13]

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Personal life

Several other of Payne's family members have held or currently hold public office. His son, Donald M. Payne, Jr., was president of the Municipal Council of Newark and an Essex County Freeholder-At-Large, and was elected to fill his father's seat in Congress on November 6, 2012. His brother, William D. Payne, served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1998 to 2008. His nephew, Craig A. Stanley, served in the General Assembly from 1996 to 2008.[14]

Death

Payne announced in a statement on February 10, 2012 that he was undergoing treatment for colon cancer.[15] On March 2, 2012, it was reported that Payne had been flown from a hospital in Washington D.C. back to New Jersey via a medical transport plane,[16] because he was "gravely ill".[17] Payne died four days later, aged 77.[18]
Payne was succeeded in Congress by his son, Donald Payne, Jr.