Friday, 25 September 2015


              BLACK   SOCIAL   HISTORY                                                                                                    

       Bobby Scott (U.S. politician)

Bobby Scott
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 3rd district
Assumed office
January 3, 1993
Preceded byThomas Bliley
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 2nd district
In office
January 12, 1983 – January 3, 1993
Preceded byHerbert Bateman
Succeeded byHenry Maxwell
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates
from the 48th district
In office
January 13, 1982 – January 12, 1983
Preceded byHarvey Morgan
Succeeded byMary Marshall
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates
from the 49th district
In office
January 11, 1978 – January 13, 1982
Preceded byMulti-member district
Succeeded byVince Callahan
Personal details
BornApril 30, 1947 (age 68)
Washington, D.C.U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materHarvard University
Boston College
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service1970–1973
UnitArmy Reserve
Massachusetts National Guard
Robert Cortez "Bobby" Scott (born April 30, 1947) is the U.S. Representative for Virginia's 3rd congressional district, serving since 1993. He is a member of the Democratic Party. The district takes in most of Richmond, all of Portsmouth, along with most of the black-majority areas of NorfolkHampton and Scott's home in Newport News.

Early life, education, and law career]

Scott was born in Washington, D.C. and grew up in Newport News, Virginia. He is of African American and Filipino American(maternal grandfather) descent.[1]
Scott graduated from Harvard College with an A.B. in government and Boston College Law School with his Juris Doctor. He is a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.
Scott is a former member of the National Guard and Army Reserve.[2] Scott was a lawyer at a private practice from 1973 to 1991.

Virginia legislature

Scott was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates as a Democrat in 1977 and he was elected to the Senate of Virginia in 1982. While in the Virginia legislature, he worked for greater access to health care for the poor and children, an increased minimum wage, and greater job training. Scott also authored legislation that provides tax credits to business that provide donations to serving local communities in preventing crime or increasing social service delivery.

U.S. House of Representatives


Earlier official photo of Scott
Scott first ran for Congress in 1986 in the 1st district, which included his home in Newport News. He lost to Republican incumbent U.S. Congressman Herb Bateman 56%-44%.[3]
In 1992, the Department of Justice directed the Virginia legislature to draw a black-majority district after the 1990 census. The legislature responded by shifting most of the black residents of Hampton Roads and Richmond into a newly created 3rd District. Scott won a three-way Democratic primary with 67% of the vote,[4] which was tantamount to election in this heavily Democratic district. In the general election, he defeated Republican Dan Jenkins 79%-21%.[5]
During this time period, he won re-election every two years with at least 76% of the vote, except in 2004. That year, he was challenged by Republican Winsome Sears, a former State Delegate. He won with 69% of the vote, the lowest winning percentage of his career. In 1994, Scott won 79.44% of the vote, defeating Republican Thomas E. Ward. In 1996, he won 82.12% of the vote, defeating Republican Eisle G. Holland. in 1998, he won 75.97% of the vote, defeating Independent Robert S. Barnett. He ran unopposed in 2000, 2002, 2006, and 2008.
Scott was challenged by Republican Chuck Smith, a former JAG. Scott defeated him 70%-27%,[6] the second worst performance of his career.
After redistricting, Scott's district was made even more safe. Currently, Obama won his district with 76%, while the new district he won with 78% of the vote.[7] Scott faced Air Force officer Dean Longo in the election.[8] Scott easily won an 11th term with 81.26% of the vote.
Scott joined President Obama in kicking off his campaign at Virginia Commonwealth University. The focus of the rally was largely on Obama's timeline for leaving the Middle East.[9]


Rep. Bobby Scott, D-VA, speaks in opposition to the Synthetic Drug Control Act of 2011 (HR 1254) by arguing that it is excessive in scope, imposes limits on researchers, and bypasses the existing process of banning substances. The legislation passed the next day, Dec. 8, 2011 by 317–98. Video: C-SPAN
Scott is the first African American Representative from Virginia since Reconstruction. Also, having a maternal grandfather of Filipino ancestry gives Scott the distinction of being the first American of Filipino descent to serve as a voting member of Congress. Scott’s congressional district is the only one with a majority black population in Virginia. The district was created in 1992 and has remained the most Democratic district in Virginia.[10]
Scott's annual Labor Day picnic, generally held at his mother's residence in Newport News, is a major campaign stop for statewide and federal candidates in Virginia.
On November 7, 2009, Scott voted for the Affordable Health Care for America Act (HR 3962).
Scott has voted progressively in the House of Representatives. He has supported increases in the minimum wage and has worked to eliminate anti-gay bias in the workplace.[11] In 2010, Scott co-sponsored the "Lee-Scott bill" with Barbara Lee to make it easier on individuals who had been on unemployment for 99 weeks without finding work. In regards to the bill, Lee said that "it is important that we put in place a safety net for those still looking for work. We cannot and will not allow our fellow Americans to fall by the wayside. Congressman Scott and I plan to continue to push for passage of this legislation because it is simply the right thing to do."[12]
Scott was an outspoken opponent of the Bush administration. He opposed the Patriot Act explaining that officials may abuse the power by promoting anti-terrorist security and develop unfair “racial profiling”. In 2002 Scott voted nay on the Iraq war resolution and did not support any of the Bush Doctrine in reference to the Iraq war.[10]

Legislation sponsored

Scott introduced the Death in Custody Reporting Act of 2013 (H.R. 1447; 113th Congress) on April 9, 2013.[13] The bill would require the United States Department of Justice to collect data from U.S. states and territories about the deaths of prisoners in their custody.[14] States and territories would face monetary penalties for noncompliance. The bill would also require federal agencies to report on the deaths of prionsers in their custody.

Committee assignments


Electoral history

Virginia's 1st congressional district: 1986 results[15]
1986Bobby Scott63,36444%Herbert H. Bateman80,71356%*
*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1986, write-ins received 9 votes.
Virginia's 3rd congressional district: Results 1992–2010[15][16]
YearDemocratVotesPctRepublicanVotesPct3rd PartyPartyVotesPct
1992Bobby Scott132,43279%Daniel Jenkins35,78021%*
1994Bobby Scott108,53279%Thomas E. Ward28,08021%*
1996Bobby Scott118,60382%Elsie Goodwyn Holland25,78118%*
1998Bobby Scott48,12976%(no candidate)Robert S. BarnettIndependent14,45323%*
2000Bobby Scott137,52798%(no candidate)Write-ins3,2262%
2002Bobby Scott87,52196%(no candidate)Write-ins3,5524%
2004Bobby Scott159,37369%Winsome Sears70,19431%*
2006Bobby Scott133,54696%(no candidate)Write-ins5,4484%
2008Bobby Scott230,91197%(no candidate)Write-ins7,3773%
2010Bobby Scott114,65670%Chuck Smith44,48827%James QuigleyLibertarian2,3832%*
2012Bobby Scott259,19981.27%Dean J. Longo58,93118.48%*
2014Bobby Scott139,19794.43%(no candidate)Write-ins8,2055.57%