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Sunday, 20 September 2015

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " LUCIEN E. BLACKWELL " WAS A UNITED STATES CONGRESSMAN WHO REPRESENTED WEST PHILADELPHIA AND PARTS OF DELAWARE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

BLACK    SOCIAL    HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                   Lucien E. Blackwell


Lucien E. Blackwell
Lucien Blackwell.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 2nd district
In office
November 5, 1991 – January 3, 1995
Preceded byWilliam Gray
Succeeded byChaka Fattah
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
from the 188th district
In office
January 2, 1973 – November 30, 1976
Preceded byJames O'Donnell
Succeeded byAlija Dumas
Member of the Philadelphia City Councilfrom the 3rd District
In office
January 7, 1974 – February 7, 1991
Preceded byPaul D'Ortona
Succeeded byJannie Blackwell
Personal details
BornAugust 1, 1931
Whitsett, Pennsylvania
DiedJanuary 24, 2003 (aged 71)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Jannie Blackwell
ChildrenThomas W. Blackwell
Lucien Edward Blackwell (August 1, 1931 – January 24, 2003) was a United States Congressman who represented West Philadelphia and parts of Delaware County, Pennsylvania from 1991 to 1995. He was a Democrat.

Early life

Blackwell was born in WhitsettFayette County, Pennsylvania on August 1, 1931. After attending public schools, Blackwell joined theUnited States Army, serving in the Korean War in 1953. Blackwell was a boxing champion during his years in the Army. Blackwell attended West Philadelphia High School.

Pennsylvania politics

Blackwell was a powerful Philadelphia union leader, serving as president of the Local 1332, International Longshoremen’s Association from 1973 to 1991. Blackwell's professional political career began with election to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives where he served from 1973 to 1975.

Philadelphia City Council

Blackwell was best known as a vibrant member of the Philadelphia City Council from 1974 to 1991.[1] While serving on the Council, Blackwell served several terms as Chairman of the Finance Committee, where he led the charge to divest pension funds from businesses doing business in South Africa. Blackwell also sponsored the Philadelphia's first law to create opportunities for minorities and women to compete to obtain city contracts. Blackwell was also heavily involved in legislation to create the Pennsylvania Convention Center and in passing the law that broke Philadelphia's long-standing building height limit, allowing for the construction of Philadelphia's One Liberty Place. Blackwell was perhaps best known for his fiery oratory on the Council floor and for serving as a mentor to the former Philadelphia Mayor (and Council President) John Street. During his City Council tenure, Blackwell was an unsuccessful candidate for mayor of Philadelphia in both 1979 and 1991.

United States House of Representatives

Blackwell was elected as a Democrat to the One Hundred Second Congress by special election to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Representative Bill Gray, and reelected to the succeeding Congress. In Congress, Blackwell was a member of theUnited States House Committee on the Budget and a reliable advocate for President Bill Clinton's economic policies. Blackwell was ultimately an unsuccessful candidate for renomination to the One Hundred Fourth Congress in 1994, losing the primary to Chaka Fattah, and served as lobbyist following his tenure in Congress.
On January 24, 2003, Blackwell died at the age of 71. A mural reading "Thank you, Mr. Blackwell", can be seen at 42nd Street and Haverford Avenue in West Philadelphia. Blackwell's widow, Jannie Blackwell, is a member of the Philadelphia City Council, also representing the Third District, and his son, Thomas, is a former member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives.

Nickname

Blackwell self-promoted the nickname "The Solution" (Lucien "The Solution" Blackwell).