The African presence in Argentina is often denied and suppressed. Argentines are famous for saying, "no hay negros en Argentina, "there are no blacks in Argentina." Argentina is considered one of the "whitest" countries in South America. Maria Lamadid, an Afro-Argentine, vividly recalls the day when her country's immigration authorities prevented her from boarding a plane for Panama, demanding she present them with a "real passport." They told me, "This can't be your passport. There are no blacks in Argentina," she said of the 2001 incident.
Since the beginning of colonization, Cordoba city served as a center for slave trade distributor for the rest of the Viceroyalty and by 1840 a provincial capital of African descent made up 62 percent of population.
In the 19th century, it declined sharply in number as a result of the wars of independence(most of the soldiers were black Argentine men), high infant mortality rates, low number of married blacks, the War of the Triple Alliance (most Argentine soldiers in this battle were black as well), cholera epidemics in 1861 and 1864, as well as a yellow fever epidemic in 1871.
The reasons why the Afro Argentine population was reduced:
By the late 19th century, the Afro-Argentine population was consisted mainly of women, and mixed with the European immigrants that arrived. With thousands of immigrants of Europe arriving to Argentine soil, and most black women intermarrying with them, noting that their populations were already low, the Afro-Argentine population faded into oblivion.