Google+ Badge BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY

Saturday, 18 January 2014

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRO-ARGENTINIAN - THEIR ARE 150,000 BLACK ARGENTINIAN ARE FROM AFRICAN ANCESTRY - YOU WONT FIND THEM IN THE NATIONAL FOOTBALL TEAM : INVISIBLE BLACKS : THEY GO INTO " HALL OF BLACK HEROES "

                       BLACK                   SOCIAL                 HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     According to the Argentina national census of the year 2010, the total Argentine population amount is 40,117,096, from which 149,493 are from African ancestry. Traditionally it has been argued that the black population in Argentina declined since the early 19th century to insignificance. However, the pilot census conducted in two neighborhoods of Argentina in 2006 on knowledge of ancestors from Subsaharan Africa verified that 5% of the population knew of Black African ancestry, and another 20% thought that was possible but not sure. Given that European immigration accounted for more than half the growth of the Argentine population in 1960, some researchers argue that rather than decrease what they had was a process of "invisibility" of the population Afro Argentine and their cultural roots.
Other researchers have argued that there was a deliberate policy of genocide against the Afro Argentinian, which was openly expressed by many Euro-Argentines as Domingo F. Sarmiento and was probably implemented by using repressive policies during epidemics and wars as a tool of mass destruction. The theories argue that genocide may have been used to explain the decline in the population. Experts were pursuing similar arguments, but differ on the attribution of intent that was first attributed to the ruling classes.


Afro-Argentine































































The African presence in Argentina is often denied and suppressed. Argentines are famous for saying, "no hay negros en Argentina, "there are no blacks in Argentina." Argentina is considered one of the "whitest" countries in South America. Maria Lamadid, an Afro-Argentine, vividly recalls the day when her country's immigration authorities prevented her from boarding a plane for Panama, demanding she present them with a "real passport." They told me, "This can't be your passport. There are no blacks in Argentina," she said of the 2001 incident.

Since the beginning of colonization, Cordoba city served as a center for slave trade distributor for the rest of the Viceroyalty and by 1840 a provincial capital of African descent made up 62 percent of population.

In the 19th century, it declined sharply in number as a result of the wars of  independence(most of the soldiers were black Argentine men), high infant mortality rates, low number of married blacks, the War of the Triple Alliance (most Argentine soldiers in this battle were black as well), cholera epidemics in 1861 and 1864, as well as a yellow fever epidemic in 1871.

The reasons why the Afro Argentine population was reduced:

  1. War of Paraguay
  2. Epidemics
  3. Emigration to countries such as Uruguay and Brazil
  4. Immigration mostly from Europe
  5. There are growing number of historians in academia which look to the possible act of racial genocide on the part of the Argentine government. Former Argentine President, Domingo Sarmiento advocated forced population reductions of the black population in Argentina.

By the late 19th century, the Afro-Argentine population was consisted mainly of women, and mixed with the European immigrants that arrived. With thousands of immigrants of Europe arriving to Argentine soil, and most black women intermarrying with them, noting that their populations were already low, the Afro-Argentine population faded into oblivion.

Tango is a dance that has influences from Spanish and African culture. Dances from the candomble ceremonies of former slave peoples helped shape the modern day Tango. The dance originated in lower-class districts of Buenos Airies.