Wednesday, 21 May 2014


                                        BLACK                SOCIAL             HISTORY                                

                                                                                                                                                                        Curtis Granderson, Jr. (born March 16, 1981) is an American professional baseball outfielder for the New York Mets of Major League Baseball (MLB). He has played in MLB for the Detroit Tigers (2004–2009) and the New York Yankees (2010–2013).
Granderson played college baseball at the University of Illinois-Chicago, and was selected by the Tigers in the 2002 MLB Draft. He made his MLB debut with the Tigers in 2004, and signed a contract extension with Detroit in 2008. After the 2009 season, he was traded to the Yankees. After his contract expired following the 2013 season, he signed a contract with the Mets.
Granderson is a three-time MLB All-Star (2009, 2011–2012). He won the Silver Slugger Award in 2011. Off the field, Granderson is recognized for his commitment to the community through outreach and charity work.[1] Many of his charitable endeavors supportinner-city children. He has also served as an ambassador for MLB abroad. Granderson won the Marvin Miller Man of the Year Awardin 2009 for his on-field performance and contributions in the community.

Early years

Granderson grew up in Lynwood, Illinois, a city south of Chicago.[2] His father, Curtis, Sr., was a dean and physical education teacher at Nathan Hale Elementary School in Lansing, Illinois. His mother, Mary, taught chemistry at Curie Metropolitan High School in Chicago. Granderson's half-sister, Monica, is an English professor at Jackson State University.[3]
Granderson attended Thornton Fractional South High School (T.F. South) in Lansing,[4] where he played baseball and basketball.[3]During his high school baseball career, Granderson batted .369 with 11 home runs and 88 runs batted in (RBI), and was named an All-State selection his senior year.[4] Granderson wore #14 at T.F. South, choosing the number because his father wore it while playing softball.[5] T.F. South honored Granderson by retiring his jersey in a December 2011 ceremony.[4]

College career

Granderson was recruited by a number of college baseball programs, and he chose the University of Illinois-Chicago (UIC), in part because they allowed him to play basketball in addition to baseball.[3] However, Granderson quit basketball two weeks into his freshman year in order to concentrate on baseball.[3]
As a freshman at UIC in 2000, Granderson led the UIC Flames baseball team with seven home runs and 45 walks. He followed that by hitting .304 as a sophomore, leading the team in runs, home runs, and walks. After his sophomore year, Granderson played in a summer collegiate league for the Mankato Mashers, now known as the MoonDogs, of the Northwoods League, where he batted .328 in 44 games, with eight doubles, two triples, one home run, 17 RBI, 28 runs scored, and 15 stolen bases.[6]
During his junior season at UIC, Granderson batted .483, second in the nation to Rickie Weeks.[3] Granderson was named Second-Team All-American by Baseball America andUSA Today'Baseball Weekly and a Third-Team Louisville Slugger NCAA Division I All-American. He graduated from UIC with a double major in business administration and business marketing.[2][7] On February 6, 2013 Granderson had his number 28 retired by UIC.[8]

Professional career

Minor leagues

The Detroit Tigers selected Granderson in the third round of the 2002 Major League Baseball (MLB) Draft. The Tigers assigned Granderson to the Oneonta Tigers, their minor league baseball affiliate in Class-A. With Oneonta, Granderson batted .344 in 52 games. Determined to complete his college education, though the fall semester began before the minor league season ended, Granderson made arrangements to begin his senior year at UIC via internet courses.[3]
The Tigers assigned Granderson to the Class-A Advanced Lakeland Tigers in 2003 and the Class-AA Erie Seawolves in 2004. With the Seawolves, Granderson hit .303 with 21 home runs and 93 RBI.[9] Baseball America named Granderson the Tigers' minor league player of the year and top prospect after the 2004 season.[7]
Prior to the 2005 season, Baseball America rated Granderson as the 57th best prospect in baseball.[10] Granderson competed for the role as the Tigers' starting center fielder in 2005 spring training, but the organization decided he needed more seasoning, and assigned him to the Class-AAA Toledo Mud Hens.[11] With Toledo, he hit .290 with 15 home runs, 65 RBIs and 22 stolen bases.[12]

Detroit Tigers

The Tigers promoted Granderson to the majors for the first time in September 2004.[13] He made his major league debut on September 13 against the Minnesota Twins.[14] He received his second promotion to the majors in July 2005, and he appeared in six games. After his third promotion to the majors, in August,[12] he remained in the majors permanently. Granderson had his first career inside-the-park home run on September 15, a five-hit game September 18 and a walk-off home run on September 26 against theChicago White Sox.[15]
Granderson became the Tigers starting center fielder for the 2006 season after beating out Nook Logan for the position during spring training.[16] From the start of his major league career in 2004, Granderson began a 151 game errorless streak, the longest by a position player to start his career since Dave Roberts went errorless in 205 games.[17]Granderson hit two home runs during the 2006 American League Division Series and one in the 2006 American League Championship Series, but struggled in the 2006 World Series, batting .095, as the Cardinals defeated the Tigers.[18]

Granderson during his tenure with the Detroit Tigers in 2007
Through June, Granderson ranked first among American League (AL) outfielders in triples (14), third in doubles (22), tied for fourth in runs (58) and tied for 10th in homers (11) with a .289 batting average in the 2007 season.[19] Although Granderson was not listed on the 2007 All-Star Game ballot, due to the Tigers' decision to put Gary Sheffield as an outfielder on the ballot, he still received 376,033 write-in votes, the most write-in votes for any player.[19] Granderson was named the AL Player of the Week on July 16, the first time he had won the award, as he hit .500 (8 for 16) with two doubles, a triple, and a home run during that week.[20] Granderson slugged .938, drove in two runs, scored seven runs, and had fifteen total bases during Detroit's four-game series against the Seattle Mariners.[21]
On August 7, Granderson became the second player in franchise history to have at least 30 doubles, 15 triples, 15 home runs, and ten stolen bases in a single season when he hit a double in a game against the Tampa Bay Devil Rays. The other Tiger to accomplish this feat was Charlie Gehringer in 1930.[22] He became the sixth member of baseball's 20–20–20 club on September 7, joining the Kansas City RoyalsGeorge Brett(1979), Willie Mays of the New York Giants (1957), Cleveland's Jeff Heath (1941), St. Louis' Jim Bottomley (1928), and Frank Schulte of the Chicago Cubs (1911). Granderson stole his 20th base of the season on September 9, joining Mays and Schulte as the only players in major league history to reach 20 doubles, 20 triples, 20 home runs, and 20 stolen bases in a season, a feat accomplished by the Philadelphia Phillies'Jimmy Rollins 21 days later.[23][24]
Granderson hit .302 with 23 home runs for the season, and was 26 for 27 in stolen base attempts. He also improved his plate discipline, as he finished seventh in the AL in strikeouts with 141.[25][26] He was one of only six batters in the AL to have at least 20 home runs and 20 stolen bases, along with teammate Gary SheffieldIan KinslerAlex RodriguezGrady Sizemore and B. J. Upton. However, he was criticized for his propensity to strikeout, as he led the AL with 174 strikeouts.[25][26]
During the 2007 season, Granderson accumulated 23 triples, which led all of baseball. The American League and Detroit Tigers record is 26 triples, a feat achieved by the all-time triples king, Sam Crawford, in 1914. Granderson is the first player since 1949 to manage at least 23 in a single season.[27] Only ten of his triples were at home despite the factComerica Park has seen more triples since it opened in 2000 than any other ballpark in baseball. Granderson joined the 20-20-30-20 club, having more than 20 triples, 20 home runs, 30 doubles, and 20 stolen bases. The last player to accomplish the feat was Wildfire Schulte in 1911. Granderson's 23 triples were as much or more than six entire teams managed in 2007, the Chicago White SoxCincinnati RedsLos Angeles Angels of AnaheimOakland AthleticsSeattle Mariners and St. Louis Cardinals all had no more than 23 team triples.
Prior to the start of the 2008 season, the Tigers signed Granderson to a five-year, US$30.25 million contract with a club option for 2013.[28] Granderson continued hitting well during the 2008 regular season, finishing with a .280 batting average, 13 triples and 22 home runs. He continued to improve his plate discipline, striking out only 111 times (versus 141 in 2007 and 174 in 2006) and drawing a career-high 71 walks.[25] During August, he hit six triples,[29] including two in consecutive innings during a game against the Texas Rangers.[30]
With the Tigers failing to make the playoffs in 2007 and 2008, TBS employed Granderson as a commentator alongside Cal Ripken, Jr.Dennis Eckersley and Frank Thomas for its coverage of the 2007 and 2008 postseasons.[31][32]
Granderson was chosen to appear in the 2009 MLB All-Star Game. It was his first All Star appearance. In the game, he hit a triple in the top of the 8th inning and scored the winning run.[33]

New York Yankees

After the 2009 season, the Tigers began shopping Granderson to other franchises in an effort to reduce their payroll.[34] The Yankees acquired Granderson in a three-team trade on December 9. In the deal, the Yankees received Granderson while sending Phil Coke and centerfielder Austin Jackson to Detroit. Also, the Arizona Diamondbacks received Yankees pitcher Ian Kennedy and Tigers pitcher Edwin Jackson in return for young pitchers Max Scherzer and Daniel Schlereth, who joined the Tigers.[35]

Granderson hit 41 home runs in 2011.
Granderson hit a home run in his first Yankee at bat on April 4, 2010, becoming the twelfth player to do so.[36] Although he missed some games due to a strained groin, Granderson finished the season with 136 games played, a .247 batting average, and 24 home runs.[37] Granderson, who struggled against left-handed pitching throughout his career, also put up subpar numbers against right-handed pitchers, causing Granderson to revamp his swing with the help of hitting coach Kevin Long in August 2010.[38]
Granderson's work with Long was credited as a reason for his strong 2011 campaign.[39] Granderson received over 6.6 million votes for the 2011 MLB All-Star Game.[40] In August 2011, Granderson and Mark Teixeira became the first Yankees teammates to hit 30 home runs in 115 games since Roger Maris and Mickey Mantle in 1961. On August 10, Granderson hit two home runs against the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim to tally a career-high 31 home runs.[41] Granderson, Robinson CanĂ³, and Russell Martin all hit grand slams in a game against the Oakland Athletics on August 25, the first time a team had three grand slams in one game.[42] Granderson was named American League Player of the Month for August 2011, in which he batted .286, with a .423 on-base percentage, slugged .657, hit ten home runs, recorded 29 RBI, and scored 29 runs.[43] He became the first player to record 40 home runs, 10 triples and 25 stolen bases in one season.[39] Granderson finished fourth in balloting for theAmerican League Most Valuable Player Award.[44]
On May 6, 2012, Curtis achieved his 1,000th hit against the Kansas City Royals. On August 26, 2012, Granderson hit his 200th career home run against the Cleveland Indians. He finished the 2012 season with a .232 batting average, 43 home runs, 106 RBI, and set a new Yankees season record by striking out 195 times.[citation needed]
On October 19, the Yankees exercised Granderson's club option for 2013. Originally worth $13 million, it became a $15 million option after placing 4th in the MVP voting in 2011.[45] In his spring training debut against the Toronto Blue Jays on February 24, 2013, Granderson was hit by a pitch from J. A. Happ that fractured his right forearm. He was placed on the 15-day disabled list to begin the 2013 season.[46] He returned to the Yankees on May 14.[47] On May 18, 2013, Granderson made his first start at right field. May 24, 2013, Granderson broke the knuckle of his left pinkie finger after getting hit by Tampa Bay's Cesar Ramos' pitch in the 5th inning. He was again placed on the 15-day disabled list.[48] On May 29, 2013, Granderson underwent surgery in which a pin was inserted to the knuckle to stabilize the fracture. On August 2, 2013, Granderson was activated from the disabled list. Granderson was limited to only 61 games in 2013 batting .229 with 7 home runs and 15 RBI. He became a free agent for the first time of his career after the season.

New York Mets

Granderson agreed to terms with the New York Mets on a four year contract worth $60 million on December 6, 2013, and the deal was finalized on December 9. He was injured on April 14th, 2014 while chasing a fly ball. [49] Granderson will earn $13 million in 2014, $16 million in 2015 and 2016, and $15 million in 2017.[50]


Granderson with the Yankees
As a child, Granderson grew up a fan of the Atlanta Braves, choosing not to root for the hometown Chicago Cubs because he often rushed home from school to watch Saved by the Bell and was disappointed when a Cubs game was on instead.[40] Granderson is also an avid fan of WWE, and attended WrestleMania 23 in Detroit. He considers The Ultimate WarriorThe UndertakerJunkyard Dog"Macho Man" Randy Savage, and Hulk Hogan to be his favorite wrestlers.[51][52] He is also an avid fan of college basketball and of the Kansas Jayhawks.[53]
Off the field, Granderson has served as an ambassador for Major League Baseball International. He has traveled to England, Italy, Holland, South Africa, China, New Zealand, and Japan to promote baseball.[54][55] In appreciation for his efforts, Commissioner Bud Selig penned a thank-you letter to Granderson which read in part, "There are so many fine young men playing Major League baseball today, but I can think of no one who is better suited to represent our national pastime than you."[3]
His foundation, Grand Kids Foundation, has raised money to benefit the educations of inner-city children around the country.[2][3] When he endorsed Nike, Inc.Louisville Slugger and Rawlings, he asked them to donate money to his foundation or equipment to inner-city baseball programs rather than pay him.[3] Granderson wrote a children's book, All You Can Be: Dream It, Draw It, Become It!, which was published in August 2009. The book is illustrated by students of the New York City public school system.[2] In February 2010, Granderson represented MLB at a White House function announcing Let's Move!, a childhood anti-obesity effort sponsored by First Lady of the United States Michelle Obama.[56]Granderson paid $5 million to help UIC build a new baseball stadium in 2013.[57]
Granderson has been involved in the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA) since 2006. He has taken part in negotiations of the labor contract.[40] Granderson was chosen as the 2009 Marvin Miller Man of the Year by the MLBPA for his off-field work.[1]
Granderson was also voted one of the friendliest players in the Major Leagues, according to a poll conducted by Sports Illustrated to 290 players.[40] Granderson is one of a few players in MLB who wears his socks high, which he does to honor players from the Negro leagues.[36]