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Friday, 23 May 2014

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRO-DOMINICAN " SOLANGE PIERRE " WAS A HUMAN RIGHTS ADVOCATE IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC WHO WORK TO END ANTINAITANISMO : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

                           BLACK                    SOCIAL              HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Solange Pierre (1963 – December 4, 2011), known as Sonia Pierre, was a human rights advocate in the Dominican Republic who worked to end antihaitianismo, which is discrimination against individuals from Haiti or Dominicans of Haitian origin.[1] For this work, she won the 2006 Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award.[2]
Pierre was born in Villa AltagraciaSan Cristóbal, Dominican Republic, in 1963 to parents of Haitian descent. One of twelve children,[3] she was raised in a migrant worker camp called a batey, where many of the Dominican Republic's people of Haitian descent live. Her birth certificate lists her name as Solain Pie, which Pierre "says is the result of an error by a government clerk."[1] Her nationality was disputed by some on the grounds that her birth certificate is forged, the residence status of her Haitian parents and the lack of evidenciary documentation from Haiti.[4]
At the age of 14, she organized a five-day protest by sugar cane workers on one of the country's bateyes, which led to her being arrested. However, the protest attracted enough public attention that the workers' demands—namely, to have their living quarters painted and be given better tools and pay raises—were met.[5]

Death

On December 4, 2011, Pierre died at the age of 48 from a heart attack while being rushed to the hospital in Villa Altagracia, San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic.[6]

Work

Pierre worked as director of the non-governmental organization Movement for Dominican Women of Haitian Descent (MUDHA),[2] which aims to end antihaitianismo or bias against individuals from Haiti in the Dominican Republic.
In 2005, Pierre petitioned the Inter-American Court of Human Rights on the case of two ethnic Haitian children who were denied Dominican birth certificates. Called Yean and Bosico v. Dominican Republic, the case "upheld human rights laws prohibiting racial discrimination in access to nationality and citizenship."[2] The court also ordered the Dominican government to provide the birth certificates.
However, the Dominican Supreme Court later ruled that "Haitian workers were considered 'in transit,' and that their children were therefore not entitled to citizenship."[1]

Awards and honors

For her work, Pierre won the 2006 Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award handed down by former US Senator Edward "Ted" Kennedy, but NOT on behalf of the US Congress.(see.[2]) In presenting the award to Pierre, U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy quoted a longtime friend of hers who said: "I am a better person today for having met, worked, and traveled this road with Sonia Pierre. With certitude, I can affirm that Sonia is one of the most selfless, courageous and compassionate human beings of my generation." [7]
Pierre also won Amnesty International's 2003 Human Rights Ginetta Sagan Fund Award,[5] and she and MUDHA were nominated for the UNESCO Prize for Human Rights Education in 2002.[8]
In 2008, she was awarded the Giuseppe Motta Medal for protection of human rights.[9] She was also honored by the United States Department of State with a 2010 International Women of Courage Award.[10]