BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY
|Birth name||Charles Mingus Jr.|
|Born||April 22, 1922|
US Army Base in Nogales, Arizona, United States
|Origin||Los Angeles, United States|
|Died||January 5, 1979 (aged 56)|
|Genres||Jazz, hard bop, bebop, avant-garde jazz, post-bop, Third Stream, orchestral jazz, free jazz|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, bandleader|
|Instruments||Double bass, piano, cello,trombone|
|Labels||Atlantic, Candid, Columbia, Debut,Impulse!, Mercury, United Artists|
|Associated acts||Pepper Adams, Jaki Byard, Miles Davis, Eric Dolphy, Duke Ellington,Jimmy Knepper, Charlie Parker,Don Pullen, Dannie Richmond,Max Roach, Jack Walrath|
Early life and career
Based in New York
Pithecanthropus Erectus among other creations
Mingus Ah Um and other works
The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady and other Impulse! albums
Later career and death
Personality and temper
The Mingus Big Band
Awards and honors
- 1971 Guggenheim Fellowship (Music Composition).
- 1971: Inducted in the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame.
- 1988: The National Endowment for the Arts provided grants for a Mingus nonprofit called "Let My Children Hear Music" which cataloged all of Mingus's works. The microfilms of these works were given to the Music Division of the New York Public Library where they are currently available for study.
- 1993: The Library of Congress acquired Mingus's collected papers—including scores, sound recordings, correspondence and photos—in what they described as "the most important acquisition of a manuscript collection relating to jazz in the Library's history".
- 1995: The United States Postal Service issued a stamp in his honor.
- 1997: Posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.
- 1999: Album Mingus Dynasty (1959) inducted in the Grammy Hall of Fame.
- 2005: Inducted in the Jazz at Lincoln Center, Nesuhi Ertegun Jazz Hall of Fame.
- 1959, Mingus contributed most of the music for John Cassavetes's gritty New York City film, Shadows.
- 1961, Mingus appeared as a bassist and actor in the British film All Night Long.
- 1968, Thomas Reichman directed the documentary Mingus: Charlie Mingus 1968
- 1991, Ray Davies produced a documentary entitled Weird Nightmare. It contains footage of Mingus and interviews with artists making Hal Willner's tribute album of the same name, including Elvis Costello, Charlie Watts, Keith Richards, and Vernon Reid.
- Charles Mingus: Triumph of the Underdog is a 78-minute long documentary film on Charles Mingus directed by Don McGlynn and released in 1998.