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Tuesday, 21 October 2014

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " SLAM STEWART " WAS A JAZZ BASS PLAYER WHOSE TRADE MARK STYLE WAS HIS ABILITY TO BOW THE BASS PLAYER ( ARCO) AND SIMULTANEOUSLY HUM OR SING AN OCTAVE HIGHER : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

 BLACK             SOCIAL           HISTORY                                                                                                                                           Slam Stewart


Slam Stewart
Slam Stewart.jpg
Slam Stewart, ca. 1946
Background information
Birth nameLeroy Elliott Stewart
BornSeptember 21, 1914
OriginEnglewood, New Jersey, U.S.
DiedDecember 10, 1987 (aged 73)
GenresJazz
InstrumentsDouble bass
Leroy Eliot "SlamStewart (September 21, 1914 – December 10, 1987) was an African American jazz bass player whose trademark style was his ability to bow the bass (arco) and simultaneously hum or sing an octave higher. He was originally a violin player before switching to bass at the age of 20.

Biography


Slam Stewart at Keystone Korner, San Francisco CA 4/28/81. Photo by Brian McMillen
Stewart was born in Englewood, New Jersey on September 21, 1914, and began playing string bass while attending Dwight Morrow High School.[1] While attending the Boston Conservatory, he heard Ray Perry singing along with his violin. This gave him the inspiration to follow suit with his bass. In 1937 Stewart teamed with Slim Gaillard to form the novelty jazz act Slim and Slam. The duo's biggest hit was "Flat Foot Floogie (with a Floy Floy)" in 1938 (see 1938 in music).
Stewart found regular session work throughout the 1940's with Lester YoungFats WallerColeman HawkinsErroll GarnerArt TatumJohnny GuarnieriRed NorvoDon Byas, the Benny Goodman Sextet, and Beryl Booker, among others. One of the most famous sessions he played on took place in 1945, when Stewart played with Dizzy Gillespie's group (which featured Charlie Parker). Out of those sessions came some of the classics of bebop such as "Groovin' High" and "Dizzy Atmosphere."
Throughout the rest of his career, Stewart worked regularly and employed his unique and enjoyable bass-playing style. He taught at Binghamton University in Binghamton, New York, and at Yale University. He died on December 9, 1987 in Binghamton.

Discography

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Studio albums

  • Slam Stewart (1971)
  • Slamboree (1972)
  • Fish Scales (1975)
  • Two Big Mice (1977)
  • Dialogue (1978)
  • Shut Yo' Mouth! (1981) - with Major Holley
  • The Cats Are Swingin' (1987)
  • Slam Bam (2000)

Compilations

  • Bowin' Singin' Slam (1945)
  • Memorial Album 1914-1987 (1978)
  • 1945-1946 (1997)
  • Jumpin' at the Deuces

Filmography