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Thursday, 21 February 2013

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY: BLACK PEOPLE IN SOUTH AFRICA - OLD LAND OF THE OPPRESS :

During the Napoleonic wars, the Cape Colony was annexed by the British and officially became their colony in 1815.  Britain encouraged settlers to the Cape and in particular sponsored the 1820 settlers to farm in the disputed cape. The changing image of the Cape from Dutch to British excluded the Dutch farmers in the areas the Boers who in the 1820's started the Great Trek to the Northern Areas of modern South Africa. This period also marked the rise in power of the Zulu under there King Shaka Zulu. Subsequently several conflicts arose between the British, Boers and the Zulu, which lead to the Zulu defeat and the ultimate Boers defeat in the second Anglo-Boer war. How ever the Treaty Of Vereeniging established the Union Of South Africa.
































With limited Independence the Union Of South Africa was to struggle on for a few years. At the tip of the continent of Africa, now South Africa the British found and established a colony with 25,000 Black Slaves,20,000 white settlers/colonist,15,000 Khoisan and 1000 freed Black Slaves. Power resided solely with a white elite in Cape Town and differentiation on the basis of race was deeply entrenched. Out side Cape Town and the immediate hinterland isolated Black and White pastoraliste populated the country.