Google+ Badge BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY
Monday, 25 February 2013
BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : SLAVERY IN ILLINOIS BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR :
The debate over slavery was one of the major cause of the American Civil War. Illinois was a Northern State but slavery did not exist in Illinois. The first Black slave of record in Illinois were brought in by Phillipe Francisco Renault in 1719. Some slaves from the West Indies were sent to Saint Phillipe in what is now Monroe County. These slaves grew food for other slaves and for laborers at mines that Renault planned to develop in Missouri and Illinois. Illinois had laws concerning slavery " The Ordinance of 1787 had forbidden slavery in the Northern Territory". Petitions to eliminate the prohibition and to permit slavery in Illinois were sent to Congress in 1796 and again in 1802. The Illinois Constitution of 1818 provided " Neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude shall hereafter be introduced into the state". The people who already had slaves were not affected.