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Thursday, 21 May 2015

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : AFRICAN AMERICAN " KASIM REED " IS AN ATTORNEY AND THE 59th MAYOR OF ATLANTA, GEORGIA THE STATE CAPITAL : GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

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Kasim Reed


Kasim Reed
Kasim Reed 2011.jpg
59th Mayor of Atlanta
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 4, 2010
Preceded byShirley Franklin
Member of the Georgia Senate
from the 35th district
In office
January 2003 – September 1, 2009
Preceded byDonzella James
Succeeded byDonzella James
Member of the Georgia House of Representatives
from the 52nd district
In office
January 1999 – January 2003
Preceded byHenrietta Canty
Succeeded byFran Millar
Personal details
BornMohammed Kasim Reed
June 10, 1969 (age 45)
PlainfieldNew JerseyU.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Sarah Elizabeth Reed
Alma materHoward University
ReligionUnited Methodism
WebsiteOfficial website
Mohammed Kasim Reed (born June 10, 1969) is an attorney and the 59th Mayor of AtlantaGeorgia, the state capital; he was officially inaugurated on January 4, 2010.
Democrat, he was a member of the Georgia House of Representatives from 1998 to 2002 and represented the 35th District in theGeorgia State Senate from 2003 to 2009. After serving as campaign manager for Shirley Franklin's successful Atlanta mayoral campaign in 2001, he ran for the position in 2009 as the mayor's office is limited to two terms. One of two candidates to advance from the November 3 general election, he went on to win the runoff election on December 1, 2009.

Early life and education

Reed was born in Plainfield, New Jersey,[1] but his family moved to Fulton County, Georgia, when he was an infant.[2] He was born and raised in a United Methodist household. His father had considered converting to Islam around the time the boy was born, during the early years of desegregation, and named his son Mohammed Kasim, to the consternation of his minister grandfather.[3] Reed graduated from Fulton County's Utoy Springs Elementary School and Westwood High School, now Westlake High School.[2][4]
According to a DNA analysis, he is a descendant through African ancestral lines of the Igbo people of Nigeria.[5]

Howard University

Reed attended Howard University in Washington, D.C., graduating in 1991 with a degree in political science. Students took over the Howard administration building in 1989, protesting having Republican National Committee Chairman Lee Atwater on the university's board of trustees, saying that he had contributed to "growing anti-black sentiment in America" through his management of President George W. Bush's campaign. Atwater resigned from the board. Reed disagreed with their action, saying there was nothing wrong with having the Republican Party try to win the votes of black students. He felt it would have been better if Atwater had met with the protesting students, as he might have learned more about their position. For instance, "[he] might have gained insight into a generation of students portrayed as destitute and in need of more federal support." Reed noted "that 85 percent of Howard's 12,000 students receive federal aid."[4]
An early entrepreneur, by 1989 Reed made $40,000 running a jewelry business which he started at age sixteen.[6] In 1990 he was invited to comment on the Persian Gulf War military buildup on the MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour. Also, in November of that year he was featured in Black Enterprise.[7]
While at college, Reed interned for Congressman Joseph Patrick Kennedy II. During his internship he learned about a federal dollar-for-dollar matching grant program. In his senior year and as the undergraduate trustee on the University's Board of Trustees, he instituted a $15-per-semester student fee increase to be matched by the federal grant, with monies to be earmarked for the university's endowment. The fees were expected to total nearly $300,000 per semester.[8][9] The estimate was conservative in the sense that it only assumes the fees from slightly more than 75% of the 12,000 students.[10] The four-year totals would approach a $2.4 million addition to the endowment.[11] Reed earned aBachelor of Arts degree in political science in 1991. He earned his juris doctorate from Howard University School of Law in 1995.[12] In 2002 Reed was appointed as the youngest General Trustee to serve Howard's Board of Trustees and continues to serve on that Board.

Legal career

After graduation from law school Reed joined the law firm of Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker, LLP.[12] and later became a partner at Holland & Knight LLP, an international law firm with offices in Atlanta.[2]

Political career

Georgia State Representative

In 1998 Henrietta Canty (1975–80, 1990–98), resigned her Georgia House of Representatives 52nd district seat to run for Georgia State Insurance Commissioner.[13] Seven candidates vied for her seat in the July 21, 1998 Democratic primary election.[14] Reed was the leading vote-getter with 36.6% of the vote, finishing well ahead of community leaders Horace Mann Bond and Eric V. Thomas, the second and third-place finishers, respectively.[15] This resulted in a head-to-head August 11 run-off election, which Reed won with 60.6% of the vote, against the second-place finisher, Horace Mann Bond II, who had received 19.1% of the vote in July.[16] Reed ran unopposed in the November 3 general election and won the Assembly seat.[17]
Reed ran a re-election campaign in 2000, when he was challenged by Clarence Canty, the son of Henrietta Canty,[18] contested the seat,[19][20] Reed won the July 18, 2000 Democratic primary by a large margin, with 77.0%&ndash of the vote. He won by a 12.7% margin.[21] In the November 7, 2000 general election, he ran unopposed.[22] In the House of Representatives, he represented a predominately African-American constituency in south Atlanta.[23] Reed served as a member of the House Judiciary, Education, and Congressional and Legislative Reapportionment Committees.[12]
While in office, in 2001 Reed served as the campaign manager in Shirley Franklin's successful election campaign to become the 58th Mayor of Atlanta. As a campaign manager in an election occurring in the shadow of the September 11 attacks, he surveyed potential voters' perceptions of the propriety of the campaign's advertising broadcasts. At the time certain ads were thought to focus on sensitive topics.[24] After winning the election, Franklin chose Reed as one of two co-chairs on her transition team. In this role he was charged with identifying and reviewing candidates for cabinet-level positions.[2]
In the 2000 election the 52nd House district had been entirely contained in Fulton County.[22] After the decennary redistricting, the district by this number was entirely withinDeKalb County, Georgia, in the November 5, 2002 election, which was won by Fran Millar.[25]

Georgia State Senator

In 2000 the 35th Georgia State Senate District was entirely contained in Fulton County, and State Senator Donzella James was an uncontested Democrat the November 7 general election.[26] In 2002 four-term incumbent Senator James vacated the seat and contested David Scott and an other contenders for the Georgia's 13th congressional district, which was created after the 2000 census when Georgia added two new congressional districts.[27] When Reed first ran for election in the 35 state senate district in the 2002 Democratic primary, it included 19 precincts in Douglas County, Georgia, and 333 in Fulton County.[28] The district includes the southern portion of Fulton County (Atlanta,AlpharettaCollege ParkEast PointFairburnHapevilleMountain ParkPalmettoRoswellSandy Springs, and Union City) and the northeast portion of Douglas County (Douglasville, and Lithia Springs).[29] Reed won the district's five-way primary on August 20, 2002, with 65.8% of the vote,[28] and then he was uncontested in the November 5, 2002 general election.[30] In 2004 James contested Reed for the seat she had held before him, but he won the July 20, 2004 Democratic primary election by a 58.8%–41.2% margin.[31] He was uncontested in the November 2, 2004 general election,[32] and he has been uncontested in his 2006 and 2008 primary and general elections.[33][34][35]
In January 2006, Reed introduced a bill to authorize scholastic teaching of the textbook The Bible and Its Influence by the non-partisan, ecumenical Bible Literacy Project. The bible curriculum bill, which came a few years after Democrats opposed Republican attempts to promote teaching a translation of the scriptures, was an attempt to preempt a Republican attempt to display the Ten Commandments in schools. Faith is an area where Georgia Democrats differ from the national party.[36] The bill passed in the State Senate by a 50–1 margin on February 3,[37] and it eventually became law.[38]
Reed's committee assignments were the following: Senate Judiciary Committee, Special Judiciary Committee, Ethics Committee, Transportation Committee and the State and Local Government Operations Committee. He also serves as vice-chairman of the Georgia Senate Democratic Caucus. He has also served the Georgia Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee as its chairman.[2] In addition, he was a partner at Holland & Knight LLP.[2] Previously, he worked in the music industry for Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker LLP.[12]

Mayor of Atlanta                                                                                                                  Atlanta elections, 2009


Kasim Reed in 2009
A month before the February 5, 2008 Super Tuesday Georgia Democratic primary, Reed endorsed Barack Obama.[39] In March 2008, Reed announced an exploratory committee, named ONE Atlanta, to investigate his viability as a candidate in the 2009 Atlanta Mayoral election.[40] Two-term incumbent Mayor Franklin was term limited and could not run again.[41] His exploratory committee announcement was coupled with an announcement that he would be pursuing a Hillary Clinton-style coalition-building tour.[40] During the summer of 2008, ONE Atlanta announced that the exploratory committee had become a formal campaign committee.[42]
On September 1 Reed resigned from the Georgia Senate to run for mayor.[43] No candidate won a majority in the November 3 general election,[44]and Donzella James defeated Torrey O. Johnson in the runoff election on December 1 to replace Reed.[45]
In the November 3, 2009 election, Reed qualified for a December 1 runoff election against Mary Norwood.[46] According to The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Reed had a winning majority in the runoff election that seemed destined to be contested by a recount.[47] The New York Timesdescribed the race as too close to call with 98 to 99 percent of the votes counted and Reed leading by only 620 of the 84,000 votes cast.[48][49] On December 9 after the completion of a recount Reed was declared the winner by a margin of 714 votes, after which Mary Norwood officially conceded.[50] Reed took office on January 4, 2010.[51]
Thomas Friedman has praised Reed in the New York Times for balancing the city's budget by limiting the pensions of city employees. This money was instead spent on the police force, as well as on community centers in poor neighborhoods (rather than on reversing the 42% increase inproperty taxes passed in 2009). He praises Reed as "combining a soft touch with a hard head".[52]
Reed announced his re-election campaign on August 26, 2013.[53]

Policy positions

Georgia state flag

1920–1956 state flag
1956–2001 state flag
2001–2003 state flag
2003– current state flag

Battle flag of theConfederate States of America, known as the Dixie Cross or the Rebel Cross
Since the 1990s, the official State Flag of Georgia had been a center of controversy, as it incorporates the historic Confederate flag dating to the American Civil War and among some people is thought to symbolize resistance to cultural changes in the state. After 2001 changes to the flag which removed this, an act led by Governor of Georgia Roy Barnes, he was defeated for re-election; many thought by the political backlash. The 1956 version with the Confederate States of America battle emblem, known as a St. Andrew's cross, was a continuing topic of debate for southern heritage proponents.[54] Reed served as one of Governor Sonny Perdue's floor leaders in debates that led to the ratification of the current (2003) version of the state flag.[55] Reed's leadership in dealmaking with Senate Republicans kept the 1956 version of the flag off Perdue's statewide referendum on the flag in 2003.[40] The referendum was originally a two-part referendum pitting the 2001 version of the flag against the proposed version and conditional on failed ratification of a new flag considering other flags including the 1956 version. Under this format if the legislators did not approve the newly designed flag over the existing one they could have pursued other designs including the one with the controversial 1956 version of the flag. Reed and a contingent of black legislators from Atlanta limited the referendum to a single vote of preference between the 2003 version and the 2001 version.[40][56][57]

Gay marriage[edit]

On May 21, 2009, Reed caused controversy in Atlanta's LGBT community when he stated that he supported civil unions for gays, but not gay marriage.[58]In December 2012, however, Reed announced his support for marriage equality for same-sex couples.[59]
In January 2015, Reed fired Atlanta Fire Chief Kelvin Cochran following Cochran's self-publication and distribution of a book without permission from Reed or the City's Ethics Department. However, Cochran did obtain permission from Nina Hickson, the City of Atlanta's Ethics Officer. The book, in expressing his interpretation of Christian teaching, describes homosexuality as a "perversion." Cochran wrote and self-published the book in 2013. There remain questions regarding whether Mayor Reed knew of the book and its contents before Cochran was fired. Cochran has since filed suit in federal court alleging wrongful termination.[60]

Transportation investment tax

Mayor Reed partnered with Georgia Governor Nathan Deal to act as the "faces of the pro-TSPLOST campaign", TSPLOST standing for “transportation special purpose local option sales tax", which would have levied a 1% sales tax for ten years, from 2013 until 2022, to fund transportation infrastructure projects.[61] He supported passing the referendum because it "would add jobs and improve congestion" and "failing to pass the measure would be economically damaging" for Atlanta. He stated that he would "work with opponents on the next plan to ease congestion".[62]

Awards and recognition

Mayor Reed's civic leadership and service have been nationally recognized in publications such as the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, the Washington Post, the New York Times,Ebony, and Black Enterprise. He was selected as one of Georgia Trend magazine's "40 under 40 Rising Stars" in 2001, one of "10 Outstanding Atlantans" in Outstanding Atlanta, a member of the Leadership Georgia Class of 2000, and a Board Member of the Metropolitan Atlanta Arts Fund. 2011, he received an honorary degree in Doctor of Laws fromOglethorpe University.[63]