BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY Steve Biko
|Born||Stephen Bantu Biko|
18 December 1946
Ginsberg Township, South Africa
|Died||12 September 1977 (aged 30)|
Pretoria, South Africa
|Children||Nkosinathi Biko, Samora Biko, Lerato Biko, Motlatsi Biko and Hlumelo Biko|
Marriage and children
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Death and aftermath
Influences and formation of ideology
Biko's relevance in the present
References in the arts
- Benjamin Zephaniah wrote a poem titled "Biko The Greatness", included in Zephaniah's 2001 collection, Too Black, Too Strong.
- "The Compound Arcane" is a poem written in 1975 by Jack Hirschman, subtitled Homage to Steve Biko, which is published in The Arcanes. This poem is notable for having been composed before Biko's death, yet already the poet was inspired enough by Biko's life to recognize him as a martyr.
- "In Detention" by Chris van Wyk (b. 1957)
Theatre, film and television
- World in Action recounted Biko's story in a documentary called The Life and Death of Steve Biko, broadcast on ITV in the UK on 3 October 1977.
- A 1979 play titled The Biko Inquest, written by Norman Fenton and Jon Blair. In 1985, a television adaptation of the original stage play was created, directed byAlbert Finney and originally aired in the US through HBO in 1985.
- In 1987, Richard Attenborough directed the movie Cry Freedom, a biographical drama starring Kevin Kline as Donald Woods and Denzel Washington as Biko.
- Peter Gabriel released a tribute to him, "Biko", which became a hit in 1980.
- Robert Wyatt released his version in 1984 on his E.P. "Work In Progress" (Rough Trade RTT149).
- Simple Minds released a cover version on their 1989 album Street Fighting Years.
- It was also covered by Black 47 and Joan Baez on her 1987 album Recently and by Manu Dibango on his 1994 album Wakafrika.
- A Tribe Called Quest titled a song after Steve Biko on their 1993 album Midnight Marauders.
- In February 2010, Paul Simon recorded a cover of the song for inclusion on the 2013 Gabriel tribute album I'll Scratch Yours.
- Steel Pulse dedicated the song Biko's Kindred Lament to Steve Biko on the album Tribute To The Martyrs