Google+ Badge BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY

Tuesday, 26 April 2016

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY - AFRO-ERITREAN " DOMENICO MONDELLI " WAS A MILITARY AND AVIATORLTALIAN ORIGIN TIGRINA - GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK HEROES "

BLACK     SOCIAL     HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Domenico Mondelli
Domenico Mondelli
30 June 1886  - 13 December 1974
Born in
Asmara ( Eritrea )
He died in
Rome
ethnicity
tigrina
Religion
Catholicism
military data
country served
 Kingdom of Italy
armed force
Royal Army
Body
Aeronautical Body Military 
Arditi 
Sharpshooters
Years of service
1915-1925
degree
Body army general
wars
Italo-Turkish War 
First World War
decorations
see here












































































military studies
Royal Military Academy of Modena
Data taken from the general black. Domenico Mondelli: soldier, airman and bold [1]
military entries on Wikipedia
Domenico Mondelli , born Wolde Selassie ( Asmara , June 30, 1886 - Rome , 13 December 1974 ), was a military and aviatorItalian origin tigrina .
Highly decorated officer of the Royal Army during the First World War , which belongs to the specialties sharpshooters , from 1915 to 1917 he fought as an airman departmental reconnaissance and bombing of the Aeronautical Military Corps, later moving to the land departments of the front line, where he particularly distinguished himself in the head XXXIII assault Department "Crimson Flames" and then of the first battalion of 242º infantry Regiment "Teramo" . After the war he was sent to Albania at the head of the ninth assault battalion, earning the third bronze medal for military valor. Subject to discrimination with the coming to power of the fascist regime left the military life in 1925.
Index
   
1Biography
1.1In Freemasonry
2Honours
4Bibliography
Biograpy 
He was born on June 30, 1886 at ' Asmara in Eritrea , ethnic tigrina was adopted [2] in 1891 by Colonel Parma Attilio Mondelli during the retreat in Eritrea following the defeat of Adua , during the course of the Abyssinian War . Brought in Italy , in October 1900 he attended the Military College in Rome and then move on to the Royal Military Academy of Modena . [1] Uscitone with the patent of lieutenant in 1905 , is assigned to the infantry , specialty sharpshooters . [1] Presta service initially in the 5th Regiment , then moved in succession to the 7th , 8th and 2nd . Passionately aviation supports the achieve the patent pilot conferred by theFédération Aéronautique Internationale on 20 February 1914 . [1]
With the entry into the war of Italy, on 24 May 1915 , he fought as a Captain in the Aviation Battalion file by running numerous reconnaissance missions, even low altitude, which earned him the award of a Bronze medal for military valor .
He was in command of the 7th Bombardment Squadron (Caproni) from its establishment 18 February 1916 framed in theAeronautical Military Corps , [3] From the next one in April formed the Group IV [3] available to the Supreme Command that we used Airline Caproni Ca.3 to bomb Slovenia and Venezia Giulia Austrian [4] . From July 14 to 25 [5] 1917 was in command of the XI Group, [3] consists of 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 6th and 15th Squadron Caproni, then move on to the command of the 67th Battalion of the18th Regiment riflemen , [6 ] remained there until September 30, 1917. on October 10, with the rank of major , assumed command of the XXXIII assault Department "Crimson Flames" of the newly established daring specialties, May 1, 1918, with the rank of lieutenant colonel assumed the the command of the battalion of the 242nd infantry Regiment of the Brigade "Teramo" which took part in the battle of the Solstice was wounded, and was replaced at the head of the battalion from parigrado Umberto Albano. After the war ended, decorated a total of two Silver Medals [7] and two bronze [7] for bravery and awarded the title of Knight of the Order of the Crown of Italy , replaced Lt. Col. John the Messe head of the Department IX assault, which was used in Albania where he earned his third bronze medal. [8]
With the coming to power of the fascist regime was the subject of discrimination, and left the Royal Army in the course of 1925 because it had been blocked to promotion toColonel , entering in the reserve role. [1]
After World War II he lived in Rome in via Milazzo in the neighborhood of ' Appio Latino until death, and also appeared in a documentary about Africans in Italy [9] .
His military career shooting even in the role of riseva with the proclamation of the Italian Republic, promoted brigadier general ( 1959 ), the division ( 1963 ), the army corps (1968 ) [1] and was awarded the title of Grand Officer Order of merit of the Italian Republic on 10 June 1970 by decision of the "motu proprio" of the President of the Republic Giuseppe Saragat . [1] He died in Rome at the ' Celio military Hospital , 13 December 1974. [1]
In Masonry 
In 1912 he entered Freemasonry in the Lodge Strict Observance of Palermo and in 1919 joined the Masonic degree of Master Free Murator In 1919 he reached the rank ofMaster Free Murator always in Palermo Freemasonry, [10] . in 1925 he was forced to leave the Freemasons because of fascism and retired from the military career. Resumed his Masonic activities in Rome in 1944 by subscribing to lodge "Spartacus" always the Grand Orient of Italy and in 1956 was awarded the 33th degree ( the great ruler Inspector General ) of the ancient Scottish Rite and accepted which had joined before the fascist dictatorship . [10]
Honors 
silver medal for military valor
' Battalion commander, already sorely tried just two days ahead instilled in his sharpshooters that military spirit by brilliantly bring to the attack of q. 244 that occupied after forty-eight hours of accanitissima struggle. By his presence kept in place his men in spite of the intense bombardment, the untold suffering of thirst, and it was all superb example of the value of patience, of great serenity. "
-  Karst (q. 244), 22-23 August 1917.
silver medal for military valor
" Hired, during combat, the command of a regiment, he slanciava first to the recapture of an important position, capturing machine guns and making numerous prisoners. In subsequent actions while with his battalion trovavasi of reinforcement, it is having understood that the intense artillery fire and enemy machine guns slowed the momentum of our attack, following the impulse of his spirit strong and brave, came running promptly at the forefront make sure of the situation, seriously injured by a piece of shrapnel. However, it did not depart from the place of combat until he was sure of maintaining balance in our line. "
-  Col del Sasso-Rosso 16-26 June 1918.
Bronze Medal of Military Valour
" In numerous reconnaissance and offensive actions, of which some of mountainous terrain, and others performed in adverse weather conditions, gave proof of calm and courage. Contemptuous of danger, flying at low altitudes, though he was motioned to the enemy artillery fire. During a survey, it is having been turned down because he absolutely wanted to see, was hit by artillery shrapnel, and only the mercy his calm and his uncommon coolness could land in our territory. "
-  Alto Isonzo 23 May-15 August 1915.
Bronze Medal of Military Valour
" At the head of his battalion took part in the reconquest of important positions, capturing machine guns and making numerous prisoners. In a succecciva circumstance, while with his battalion trovavasi of being tucked, his having appeared that the intense artillery fire and slow down the enemy machine gun attack our momentum, following the impulse of his strong spirit flocked promptly at the forefront make sure of the situation, seriously injured in the face by a piece of shrapnel."
-  Col del Sasso-Rosso 16-26 June 1918.
Bronze Medal of Military Valour
" Commander of an assault battalion, promptly came running with their own in defense department of a position strongly attacked by the enemy who had managed to occupy a portion of it. Exact realizing the situation, with the excellent disposition of his men, he managed to stop the opponent and repeatedly along the line, with the word and example, animated the employees to the fight. He witnessed the pesona to exit from the line of two of his departments for the counterattack. He is moving to the attack with the first wave. Throughout the unfolding of combat validly confirmed its undisputed value as a soldier. "
-  Monte Messovun (Albania), July 23, 1920.
Cross of War Merit
Knight of the Order of the Crown of Italy
Grand Officer of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- June 10, 1970