Google+ Badge BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY

Sunday, 17 April 2016

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY - AFRICAN AMERICAN " RUSSELL SIMMONS " IS AN AMERICAN BUSINESS MAGNATE AND CHAIRMAN AND CEO OF RUSH COMMUNICATIONS - GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

                                                        BLACK     SOCIAL     HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        














































































































































Russell Simmons
Russell Simmons
Simmons at the 2012 Tribeca Film Festivalpremiere of Mansome
Born
Russell Wendell Simmons
October 4, 1957 (age 58)
Queens, New York, United States
Occupation
Co-founder of Def Jam and founder of Phat Farm, All Def Digital, Global Grind, Def Pictures, Argyleculture,Tantris, American Classics
Net worth
 $340 million (2011)[1]
Spouse(s)
Kimora Lee (1998–2009)
Website
Rush Communications
Russell Wendell Simmons (born October 4, 1957)[2] is an American business magnate. The Chairman and CEO of Rush Communications, he cofounded the hip-hop music label Def Jam Recordings[3] and created the clothing fashion lines Phat Farm, Argyleculture, and Tantris. Simmons had a net-worth estimate of $340 million in 2011.[1]
Contents
  
1Early life and education
2Career
3Personal life
3.1Marriage
3.2Activism
3.3Beliefs
4Businesses
5Bibliography
Early life and education
Simmons was born and raised in Queens, New York.[4] His father is a public school administrator and his mother is a New York City park administrator. His brothers are painter Daniel Simmons, Jr., and Rev Run of Run-DMC.
In 1975, after graduating from August Martin High School, Simmons briefly attended the City College of New York in Harlem where he met a young DJ/Bboy, Kurt Walker, who influenced him to participate in the hip-hop phenomenon.[5][6][7][8][9]
In 2014, Claremont Lincoln University awarded Russell Simmons an Honorary Doctorate Degree in Humane Letters for his work as chairman of the Foundation for Ethnic Understanding and for promoting mindfulness, compassion and interreligious collaboration in the public sphere.[10]
Career
Russell Simmons
Simmons co-founded Def Jam in 1983 with Rick Rubin who sold his share of the company for $120 million to Universal Music Group in 1996. In 1985 Russell Simmons co-produced and appeared in the film, Krush Groove.[11] Simmons' company, Rush Communications Inc. includes over ten businesses and three non-profits. Simmons has also produced television hits HBO's Def Comedy Jam, Def Poetry Jamand currently has a development deal with HBO [3][12] In 1996, Simmons co-produced the hit film The Nutty Professor, starring Eddie Murphy.[13][citation needed]
Personal life
Marriage
Simmons met model Kimora Lee in November 1992. They dated for four years and married on December 20, 1998.[14] on the island of Saint Barthélemy. They have two daughters, Ming Lee (born 2000) and Aoki Lee (born 2002). In March 2006, Simmons announced his divorce from Lee.[15]
Russell Simmons also dated German model Hana Nitsche.[16]
Activism
Russell Simmons has been vegan since 1999 and advocates Ahimsa and veganism, citing animal rights along with the environmental and health benefits.[3][4][17] Simmons is a supporter of Farm Sanctuary, an organization working to end cruelty to farm animals.[18] People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals awarded him with the 2001 PETA Humanitarian Award and the 2011 Person of the Year Award.[19][20]
In 2004, Simmons organized thousands of protestors and Hip-Hop celebrities in front of city hall demanding change of the harsh sentencing of the Rockefeller Drug Laws.[citation needed]
Simmons became Chairman of Board of the Foundation for Ethnic Understanding in 2002.[21] In May 2009, he was appointed Goodwill Ambassador for the UN Slavery Memorialat the United Nations to honor the victims of slavery and the transatlantic slave trade by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.[22] In a similar vein, Simmons is a supporter of theSomaly Mam Foundation,[23] and was honored at their 2011 gala dinner.[24] Simmons officially endorses the second Muslim Jewish Conference 2011. Together with Rabbi Marc Schneier he served as the official patron of the conference held July 2011 in Kiev, Ukraine. In 2011, he took part in the Occupy Wall Street protests, visiting the protesters atZuccotti Park often and for many consecutive days.
Simmons is also a longtime supporter for gay rights. He encourages marriage equality.[25] In 2011, when the retail corporation Lowe's withdrew funding from the show All-American Muslim, Simmons promised to pay the Learning Channel for any revenue lost.[26]
In 2012, Simmons supported Ohio congressman Dennis Kucinich's re-election campaign, appearing with the politician at various speaking events.[27] In November 2013, he pledged support for New York's mayoral candidate Bill de Blasio in recognition of his support for animal rights.[28]
In 2015, Simmons denounced his former friend, real-estate developer and Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump, in an open letter after Trump called for Muslim immigrants to be barred from entering the United States.[29]
Beliefs
Simmons describes himself as a Christian yogi, with a love and respect for all religions. Simmons practices a method of Yoga known as Jivamukti Yoga,[30] which encourages vegetarianism and social and environmental activism.
Simmons is also a practitioner of Transcendental Meditation (TM) and a supporter of the David Lynch Foundation for Consciousness-Based Education and World Peace, which was established to ensure that any child in America who wants to learn and practice TM can do so.[31][32]
Businesses
THE  BLACK  MARTYR  HISTORY  COLLECTION
Health and Wellness
Tantris Yoga Center and Apparel
Celsius
Media
All Def Digital
Def Pictures
Narrative
Global Grind
Rush Books
Def Jam Enterprises
Lifestyle
ArgyleCulture
American Classics Eyewear
Empowerment
RushCard
In October 2015, hundreds of thousands of Rushcard customers were unable to access their funds for weeks.[33]
Rush Philanthropic Arts Foundation
Diamond Empowerment Fund
Foundation for Ethnic Understanding
Bibliography[edit]
Simmons has written several books that reflect his experiences in the entertainment business and his personal beliefs. Four made The New York Times Best Sellers list.[citation needed]
"Life and Def: Sex, Drugs, Money, + God", published September 24, 2002
"Russell Simmons Def Poetry Jam on Broadway … and More", published March 29, 2005
"Do You! 12 Laws to Access the Power in You to Achieve Happiness and Success", published April 10, 2008.
"Super Rich: Inside and Out", published November 1, 2011
"Success Through Stillness", published March 11, 2014
"The Happy Vegan", published November 4, 2015