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Sunday, 24 April 2016

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY - AFRO-SWAZILANDER " NDVUNGUNYE KING OF SWAZILAND " WAS KING OF SWAZILAND FROM 1780 UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1815 - GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

                                                        BLACK     SOCIAL    HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ndvungunye





















Ndvungunye
King of Swaziland
Reign
1780 – 1815
Coronation
1780
Predecessor
Ngwane III
Successor
Sobhuza I
Regent
Queen LaYaka Ndwandwe
Born
1760 [1]
Died
1815
Issue
Sobhuza I
House
House of Dlamini
Father
Ngwane III
Mother
Queen Lomvula Mndzebele
Ndvungunye (also known as Zikodze, Mavuso II) was King of Swaziland from 1780 until his death in 1815 after succeeding his father, King Ngwane III following a very brief regency of Indlovukati LaYaka Ndwandwe.[2][3] Very little has been recorded of the quality of leadership under his reign.[2] Ndvungunye built his residence or lilawu near Mhlosheni on feet of the Mhlosheni hills inShiselweni, the south east of modern Swaziland near Zombodze, where his father Ngwane had settled during his reign.[2][3] His rule thus indicated a period of limited expansion and consolidation which is overshadowed by that of his son King Sobhuza I. The Shiselweni settlements established under his reign would not however provide a solid foundation for the future Swazi state as indicated by attacks after his death on Sobhuza by Ndwandwe chiefs.[2] Ndvungunye died around 1815 after being struck by lightning. Ndvungunye was married to Lojiba Simelane and Somnjalose Simelane. It was with the latter that he had his son Sobhuza I.[4] Lojiba however became Queen mother as she was a senior sister to Somnjalose. Sobhuza I became the king in 1815 after the regency of Queen Lomvula Mndzebele.
Contents
   
1Biography
1.1Family and successors
1.2Legacy
Biography
Ingwenyama Ndvungunye was born in about 1760 as a son of Ngwane III and Inkhosikati Lomvula Mndzebele. He succeeded his father Ngwane in 1780. When Ndvungunye became king, the centre of royal power in Swaziland was located in the south of the country in present day Shiselweni. As a result Ndvungunye had his royal kraal at Shiselweni at the foothills of the Mhlosheni mountains. The governor of his royal kraal was Mahagane Hlophe. The Ndlovukati's residence and royal kraal was at Lobamba and the governor there was Danilie Nkambule. During his kingship, the most powerful chiefdoms in the region were the Ndwandwe and Mtetwa. Ndvungunye oversaw limited expansion and consolidation of the Ngwane people. The Swazi/Ngwane settlements in Shiselweni gained more wealth and military power in the form of cattle and population growth. However the Shiselweni settlements were vulnerable to attacks by the rival Ndwandwe clans who were residing south, near the Phongola river. These were to be seen later under the kingship of his son Sobhuza I.