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Saturday, 23 April 2016

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY - AFRO-JAMAICAN " SHELLY-ANN FRASER-PRYCE " IS A JAMAICAN TRACK AND FIELD SPRINTER AND AN OLYMPIC GOLD MEDALIST - GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK GENIUS "

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Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce, Moscow 2013
Personal information
Nationality
Jamaican
Born
27 December 1986 (age 29)
Kingston, Jamaica
Residence
Kingston, Jamaica
Height
1.52 m (5 ft 0 in)[1]
Weight
52 kg (115 lb; 8.2 st)
Sport
Sport
Track and field
Event(s)
Sprint
Club
MVP Track & Field Club
Medal record[hide]
Event1st2nd3rd
Olympic Games
2
2
0
World Championships
7
2
0
World Indoor Championships
1
0
0
World Athletics Final
1
1
0
Commonwealth Games
1
0
0
CARIFTA Games Junior (U20)
1
0
1
CAC Junior Championships (U17)
1
0
0
Total
14
5
1
Women's athletics
Representing  Jamaica
Olympic Games
2008 Beijing
100 m
2012 London
100 m
2012 London
200 m
2012 London
4×100 m relay
World Championships
2009 Berlin
100 m
2009 Berlin
4×100 m relay
2013 Moscow
100 m
2013 Moscow
200 m
2013 Moscow
4×100 m relay
2015 Beijing
100 m
2015 Beijing
4×100 m relay
2007 Osaka
4×100 m relay
2011 Daegu
4×100 m relay
World Indoor Championships
2014 Sopot
60 m
World Athletics Final
2008 Stuttgart
100 m
2009 Thessaloniki
100 m
Commonwealth Games
2014 Glasgow
4×100 m relay
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce, OD (born 27 December 1986; née Fraser)[2] is a Jamaican track and field sprinter. Born in Kingston, Jamaica, Fraser-Pryce ascended to prominence in the 2008 Olympic Games when at 21 years old, the relatively unknown athlete became the first Caribbean woman to win 100m gold at the Olympics.[3] In 2012, she successfully defended her 100m title, becoming the third woman to win two consecutive 100m events at the Olympics.
Fraser-Pryce won the 100m gold medal in the 2009 IAAF World Championships, becoming the second female sprinter to hold both World and Olympic 100 m titles simultaneously (after Gail Devers). After winning the 2015 World title in 100m, she is the only female to be crowned world champion over 100m three times (2009, 2013, 2015). She is also the only female athlete to hold both titles on two separate occasions (the 2008 Olympic and 2009 World titles, and the 2012 Olympic and 2013 World titles). In 2013 she became the first female sprinter to win gold medals in the 100m, 200m and 4 × 100 m in a single world championship. Fraser-Pryce was the first woman to own IAAF world titles at 60m, 100m, 200m and 4 × 100 m,[4] and is the only woman ever to hold them all simultaneously.
Nicknamed the "Pocket Rocket" for her petite frame (she stands 5 feet tall) and explosive starts, she is ranked fourth on the list of the fastest 100m female sprinters of all time, with a personal best of 10.70 seconds, set in Kingston, Jamaica in 2012.[5][6] Her achievements and consistency led Olympian and sports commentator Michael Johnson to refer to her as "the greatest female sprinter of all time." [7] Following her win in the 100m World Championships in 2015, the IAAF also referred to her as "possibly the greatest female sprinter in history." [8]
Contents
   
1Career
1.12008 Beijing Olympics
1.22009 Berlin World Championships
1.32012 London Olympics
1.42013 Moscow World Championships
1.52014 Sopot World Indoor Championships
1.62015 Beijing World Championships
2Suspension
3Special awards
4Personal life
5Achievements
5.1Diamond League Titles
6Personal bests
Career
2008 Beijing Olympics
Fraser, who trained for the Olympics with teammate Asafa Powell, became the first Jamaican woman in history to win an Olympicgold medal in the 100 m sprint. In her first round heat, she placed first in a time of 11.35 to advance to the second round. She then improved her time to 11.06 seconds, finishing first in her heat. In the semifinals Fraser again finished in front, outsprinting Kerron Stewart and Muna Lee in 11.00 seconds.
In the final, Jamaican sprinters finished in the top three positions in the race, with a photographic tie for second place by Sherone Simpson and Kerron Stewart. (Both women were awarded silver medals; no bronze medal was awarded.) Fraser's time of 10.78 seconds was a personal best and 0.20 seconds faster than her Jamaican teammates.[9] Fraser's Olympic time was the second-fastest 100 m ever recorded by a Jamaican woman, a mere 0.04 seconds (1/25 of a second) shy of Merlene Ottey's 10.74 record.[2]
Together with Sheri-Ann Brooks, Aleen Bailey and Veronica Campbell-Brown, Fraser also took part in the 4 × 100 m relay. In its first round heat, Jamaica placed first in front of Russia, Germany and China. The Jamaica relay's time of 42.24 seconds was the first time overall out of sixteen participating nations. With this result, Jamaica qualified for the final, replacing Brooks and Bailey with Simpsonand Stewart. Jamaica did not finish the race due to a mistake in the baton exchange.[9]
2009 Berlin World Championships
Fraser (right) celebrating victory in Berlin with Kerron Stewart
Fraser took the 100 m Jamaican title in June 2009, winning with a world-leading time of 10.88 s against a strong headwind (−1.5 m/s). This made her the number one Jamaican qualifier for the 2009 World Championships.[10] Fraser took full advantage, holding off a late surge (and personal best) from compatriot Kerron Stewart, who had a slow start, to win by two one-hundredths of a second in a time of 10.73 – the fourth fastest time in the event's history and a Jamaican national record. It was also, at the time, the second fastest 100m time in World Championship history.[11]
She later ran the second leg for Jamaica in both the heats and the final of the 4 × 100 m relay. In the heats, Jamaica ran a very quick 41.88, their second fastest performance ever at the time. In the final, Fraser ran an outstanding back-straight, outrunning athletes like Chandra Sturrup of the Bahamas, Anne Mollinger of Germany and Kelly-Ann Baptiste of Trinidad and Tobago, with a successful change over to Aleen Bailey. How ever, with the USA's earlier disqualification, the team employed very safe handovers, and went on to claim the gold medal in a time of 42.06. The Bahamas claimed silver and Germany claimed bronze.
2012 London Olympics
Leading into the 2012 London Olympic Games, Fraser-Pryce won the 100m and 200m at the Jamaican Olympic Trials. In doing so, she improved her national record in the 100m to 10.70, and set a personal best of 22.10 in the 200m.
At the Games, Fraser-Pryce successfully defended her 100m title with a time of 10.75 seconds, the second fastest Olympic 100m timeever run by a woman. American rival Carmelita Jeter was beaten into second place, with fellow Jamaican Veronica Campbell-Brown taking bronze.[12] It was, collectively, the fastest women's 100m final ever: an unprecedented 7 women ran 11 seconds or faster, with Veronica Campbell-Brown becoming the fastest ever bronze medallist with her time of 10.81 and Tianna Bartoletta becoming the fastest ever non-medallist with her time of 10.85.
In her first year contesting the 200m at a global championship, Fraser-Pryce set another personal best of 22.09 to win the Olympic silver medal behind Allyson Felix.[13] She also ran the first leg for her team in the 4 × 100 m relay, earning a second silver medal and setting a new national record time of 41.41 in the process.[14]
2013 Moscow World Championships
Fraser-Pryce entered the World Championships in Moscow with World leading times in both the 100m and the 200m. She won the 100m race in a new World leading time of 10.71 into a -0.3 headwind, the second fastest 100m time ever run at the World Championships. Her margin of victory was a staggering 0.22 seconds, the largest in World Championship history.[11] Fraser-Pryce then went on to win the 200m title in a time of 22.17, a time only she had bettered that entire year. It was Fraser-Pryce's first major title over that distance, and she became the first person to complete the 100m/200m double in 22 years. Fraser-Pryce and fellow Jamaican athlete Usain Bolt swept the sprinting events for their respective genders at the meet, winning three gold medals each in the 100m, 200m and 4 × 100 m.
As the anchor runner for Jamaica's 4 × 100 m relay team, Fraser-Pryce won her third gold medal of the World Championships with teammates Carrie Russell, Kerron Stewart andSchillonie Calvert. Winning by an astounding 1.46 seconds over the American team, who were awarded silver medals after the French team were disqualified for a lane infringement, Jamaica's winning time of 41.29 set a new championship record and was, at the time, the second fastest women's 4 × 100 m time ever. Fraser-Pryce's blazing anchor leg was timed at 9.76,[15] one of the fastest in history.
Fraser-Pryce's dominance of both sprint events extended beyond the World Championships. She boasted the three fastest times of the year in the 100m and the two fastest in the 200m. She won six Diamond League races, four 100m and two 200m, to claim both the 100m and 200m Diamond League titles for 2013. In doing so, she became the only person, male or female, to simultaneously hold the World Championship and Diamond League titles in both the 100m and 200m.
2014 Sopot World Indoor Championships
Fraser-Pryce made her World Indoor Championships debut in Sopot, 2014. She won the Indoor 60m title in a time of 6.98, making her the 7th fastest of all time at the distance. This was all despite not training specifically for the event; “I’m still preparing for my outdoor season so nothing special for the 60m. I just came here and wasn’t prepared for the 60m,” she revealed.[16]
2015 Beijing World Championships
Prior to the 2015 World Championships, Fraser-Pryce had set a world-leading 100m time of 10.74 in Paris and had won the Jamaican trials in a time of 10.79. Her coach had made the decision to focus on the 100m rather than attempt to defend her 200m title in Beijing.[17] Entering the World Championships as the favourite, she won the 100m in a time of 10.76,[18] defending her title and becoming the first woman in history to win three 100m World Championships titles.
Fraser-Pryce also anchored the Jamaican women's 4 × 100 m team, consisting of Veronica Campbell-Brown, Natasha Morrison and Elaine Thompson, to gold in the second fastest time ever of 41.07, breaking the championship record for the second World Championships in a row. Receiving the baton in leading position after strong performances by her teammates, she ran a blistering anchor leg to put even further distance between herself and the USA's anchor Jasmine Todd.
Suspension
Fraser-Pryce served a six-month ban from athletics after a urine sample taken at the 2010 Shanghai Diamond League meeting was found to contain Oxycodone.[19][20]Oxycodone is a painkiller that is not considered to improve performance, nor does the WADA Code consider it a masking agent for other drugs.[21] Stephen Francis, Fraser-Pryce's coach, reportedly recommended the painkiller to her after she complained of a toothache, and she neglected to declare the medication on her doping control form in what she has described as a simple clerical error. However, Fraser-Pryce has acknowledged responsibility for her actions; "I'm a professional athlete - one who's supposed to set examples - so whatever it is I put in my body it's up to me to take responsibility for it and I have done that".[22]
Special awards
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce has been the recipient of numerous accolades in her home country of Jamaica. She has won the Jamaica Athletics Administrative Association's Golden Cleats Award for female Athlete of the Year on four occasions: 2009, 2012, 2013 and 2015.[23] She has also received the RJR National Sportswoman Of The Year award three times, in 2012, 2013 and 2015.[24]
She has been nominated for the Laureus World Sports Award for Sportswoman of the Year on four occasions: 2010, 2013, 2014 and 2016.[25] The award is held annually, to celebrate the most remarkable men and woman around the world on their achievements in the previous calendar year, with the winners being determined by votes made up of 46 of the greatest sportsmen and sportswomen of all time.
After her outstanding 2013 season, Fraser-Pryce was named IAAF World Athlete of the Year, becoming the second Jamaican woman to win since Merlene Ottey in 1990. In accepting her award, she exclaimed, “I'm shocked and excited. It's something that has been a dream of mine. Not all the time do things happen that we want to happen, but this did.”[26]
Personal life
Fraser-Pryce is a committed Christian.[27]
She was named as the first UNICEF National Goodwill Ambassador for Jamaica on 22 February 2010.[28]
On 23 February 2010, she was named Grace Goodwill Ambassador for Peace for 2010 in a partnership with Grace Foods and not-for-profit Organisation PALS (Peace and Love in Society).[29][30]
In January 2011, she married long-term boyfriend Jason Pryce, changing her surname from Fraser to Fraser-Pryce.[31]
In 2013 Fraser-Pryce, who is known for frequently changing her hairstyle during track season, launched her own hair business, a hair salon named Chic Hair Ja.[32]
Fraser-Pryce created the Pocket Rocket Foundation, a scheme which supports high school athletes in difficult financial situations to get a proper education and keep on training.[32] "As a chairman of the foundation I believe not only in issuing cheques to schools, but also in following up with the kids, being there for them emotionally, getting to understand what's going on with them at school", Shelly-Ann explained.
Achievements
YearCompetitionVenuePositionEventNotes
Representing  Jamaica
2002
Central American and Caribbean
Junior Championships (U-17)
Bridgetown, Barbados
4th
200 m
25.24   (−1.0 m/s)
1st
4 × 100 m relay
45.33 CR
2005
CARIFTA Games (U-20)
Bacolet, Trinidad and Tobago
3rd
100 m
11.73   (0.9 m/s)
1st
4 × 100 m relay
44.53
2007
World Championships
Osaka, Japan
2nd
4 x 100 metres relay
42.70 SB (heat)
2008
Olympic Games
Beijing, PR China
1st
100 metres
10.78   (0.0 m/s) PB
DNF
4 x 100 metres relay
2009
World Championships
Berlin, Germany
1st
100 metres
10.73   (0.1 m/s) NR
1st
4 x 100 metres relay
42.06
2011
World Championships
Daegu, Korea
4th
100 metres
10.99   (−1.4 m/s)
2nd
4 x 100 metres relay
41.70 NR
2012
Olympic Games
London, Great Britain
1st
100 metres
10.75   (+1.5 m/s)
2nd
200 metres
22.09   (−0.2 m/s) PB
2nd
4 x 100 metres relay
41.41 NR
2013
World Championships
Moscow, Russia
1st
100 metres
10.71   (−0.3 m/s) WL
1st
200 metres
22.17
1st
4 x 100 metres relay
41.29 CR
2014
World Indoor Championships
Sopot, Poland
1st
60 m
6.98 PB
2015
World Championships
Beijing, China
1st
100 m
10.76
1st
4 x 100 metres relay
41.07 CR
Diamond League Titles
2012 Diamond League overall Diamond Race Title in 100m
2013 Diamond League overall Diamond Race Title in 100m and 200m
2015 Diamond League overall Diamond Race Title in 100m
Personal bests[edit]
TypeEventTimeDatePlaceNotes
Outdoor
100 metres
10.70 (+0.6)
29 June 2012
Kingston, Jamaica
4th of all time
200 metres
22.09 (-0.2)
8 August 2012
London, United Kingdom
Indoor
60 metres
6.98
9 March 2014
Sopot, Poland
7th of all time