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Thursday, 7 April 2016

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY - AFRICAN AMERICAN " MELVIN MORRIS " IS A U,S, ARMY VETERAN OF THE VIERNAM WAE, A SPECIAL FORCES SOLDIER AND THE RECIPIENT OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR - GOES INTO THE " HALL OF BLACK HEROES "

                                                       BLACK     SOCIAL     HISTORY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        









































































































































Melvin Morris
Melvin Morris
Morris receiving the Medal of Honor from President Obama in 2014.
Born
January 7, 1942 (age 74)
Okmulgee, Oklahoma
Allegiance
 United States of America
Service/branch
 United States Army
Years of service
1959–1985
Rank
 Sergeant First Class
Unit
5th Special Forces Group

1st Special Forces
Company D
Battles/wars
Vietnam War
Awards
 Medal of Honor
 Bronze Star Medal (2)
 Purple Heart (2)
 Meritorious Service Medal
 Air Medal
 Army Commendation Medal (2) with V Device
 Special Forces Tab
 Combat Infantry Badge
 Expert Marksmanship Badge
 Master Parachutist Badge
Republic of Vietnam Master Parachute Badge
Melvin Morris (born January 7, 1942) is a U.S. Army veteran of the Vietnam War, a Special Forces Soldier ("Green Beret"), and a recipient of the Medal of Honor.[1]
Contents
  
1Background
2Medal of Honor action
3Medal of Honor Citation
4Other awards
Background
Morris was born and grew up in Okmulgee, Oklahoma. In 1959 Morris joined the Oklahoma Army National Guard and soon after joined the active duty Army. "Being in the military was better than being in trouble," he said. He excelled in the military, becoming one of the first Green Berets in 1961 and twice volunteered for tours in Vietnam.[2]
Medal of Honor action
Morris received the Medal of Honor for his valorous actions on September 17, 1969, while commanding the Third Company, Third Battalion of the IV Mobile Strike Force near Chi Lang, Vietnam. Then-Staff Sgt. Morris led an advance across enemy lines to recover the body of a fallen sergeant. Morris single-handedly destroyed an enemy force with a bag of grenades in a series of bunkers that was pinning his battalion down. Morris was shot three times during that engagement.[3]
Morris received the Medal of Honor from President Barack Obama in a March 18, 2014 ceremony in the White House.
Morris (left) with a comrade in Vietnam 
Receiving the Medal of Honor from President Obama in 2014 
(Distinguished Service Cross)
(Upgraded)
The award came through the Defense Authorization Act which called for a review of Jewish American and Hispanic American veterans from World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War to ensure that no prejudice was shown to those deserving the Medal of Honor.[4]
Medal of Honor Citation
The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918 (amended by act of July 25, 1963), takes pride in presenting the Medal of Honor to:
MELVIN MORRIS
United States Army
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:
Staff Sergeant Melvin Morris distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as Commander of a Strike Force drawn from Company D, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces, during combat operations against an armed enemy in the vicinity of Chi Lang, Republic of Vietnam on September 17, 1969.
On that afternoon, Staff Sergeant Morris’ affiliated companies encountered an extensive enemy mine field and were subsequently engaged by a hostile force. Staff Sergeant Morris learned by radio that a fellow team commander had been killed near an enemy bunker and he immediately reorganized his men into an effective assault posture before advancing forward and splitting off with two men to recover the team commander’s body. Observing the maneuver, the hostile force concentrated its fire on Staff Sergeant Morris’ three-man element and successfully wounded both men accompanying him. After assisting the two wounded men back to his forces’ lines, Staff Sergeant Morris charged forward into withering enemy fire with only his men’s suppressive fire as cover. While enemy machine gun emplacements continuously directed strafing fusillades against him, Staff Sergeant Morris destroyed the positions with hand grenades and continued his assault, ultimately eliminating four bunkers. Upon reaching the bunker nearest the fallen team commander, Staff Sergeant Morris repulsed the enemy, retrieved his comrade and began the arduous trek back to friendly lines. He was wounded three times as he struggled forward, but ultimately succeeded in returning his fallen comrade to a friendly position.
Staff Sergeant Morris’ extraordinary heroism and selflessness above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.[1]
Other awards
In addition to the Medal of Honor, Morris received the Distinguished Service Cross, Bronze Star Medal with one Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster, Purple Heart with one Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster, Meritorious Service Medal, Air Medal, Army Commendation Medal with "V" Device and one Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster, Army Good Conduct Medal with one Silver Loop,National Defense Service Medal, Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal, Vietnam Service Medal with one Silver Star, Non-Commissioned Officer Professional Development Ribbonwith Numeral "3", Army Service Ribbon, Overseas Service Ribbon with Numeral "4", Combat Infantryman Badge, Master Parachutist Badge, Expert Marksmanship Badge with Rifle Bar, Special Forces Tab, Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Bronze Star.[1]