"The Wailers" redirects here. For other uses, see The Wailers
Bob Marley and the Wailers
Bob Marley and the Wailers performing at Crystal Palace, London (1980)
Also known as
The Teenagers, The Wailing Rudeboys, The Wailing Wailers, The Wailers
Reggae, ska, rocksteady,R&B
Studio One, Wail'n Soul'm,Tuff Gong, Beverley's,Upsetter, Island
Bob Marley, The Upsetters, I Threes, Word, Sound and Power, The Wailers Band,The Original Wailers
Earl "Chinna" Smith
Bob Marley and the Wailers were a Jamaican reggae band and, earlier, a ska vocalist group created by Bob Marley, Peter Tos
In early 1970s, Bob and Bunny had learned to play some instruments and brothers Carlton Barrett and Aston "Family Man" Barretton drums and bass had joined the reggae band. After Bunny Wailer and Peter Tosh left the band in 1974, Bob Marley began touring with new band members. His new backing band included Barrett brothers, Junior Marvin and Al Anderson on lead guitar, Tyrone Downie and Earl "Wya" Lindo on keyboards, and Alvin "Seeco" Patterson on percussion. The "I Threes", consisting of Judy Mowatt,Marcia Griffiths, and Marley's wife, Rita, provided backing vocals.
The lineup was known variously as the Teenagers, the Wailing Rudeboys, the Wailing Wailers and finally the Wailers. The original lineup featured Junior Braithwaite on vocals, Bob Marley on guitar, Peter Tosh on keyboard, Neville Livingston (a.k.a. Bunny Wailer) on drums, and Cherry Smith and Beverley Kelso on backing vocals. By 1966 Braithwaite, Kelso and Smith had left the band, which then consisted of the trio Livingston, Marley and Tosh.
Some of the Wailers' most notable songs were recorded with Lee "Scratch" Perry and his studio band the Upsetters. In 1964, the Wailers topped the Jamaican charts with Simmer Down. During the early 1970s the Upsetters members Aston "Family Man" Barrettand his brother Carlton (Carlie) Barrett, formed the Wailers Band, providing instrumental backing for The Wailers. The Wailers recorded groundbreaking ska and reggae songs such as "Simmer Down", "Trenchtown Rock", "Nice Time", "War", "Stir It Up" and "Get Up, Stand Up". An attempt at creating a full overview of all the music made by The Wailers prior to their signing to Island Records was made by the Roots Reggae Library.
The original Wailers line-up disbanded in 1974 due to Tosh and Livingston's refusal to tour. Bob Marley formed Bob Marley and the Wailers with himself as guitarist, songwriter and main singer, the Wailers Band as the backing band, and the I Threes as backup vocalists. The Wailers Band included the brothers Carlton Barrett and "Family Man" Barrett on drums and bass respectively, Junior Marvin and Al Anderson playing lead guitar,Tyrone Downie and Earl "Wya" Lindo playing keyboard, and Alvin "Seeco" Patterson playing percussion. The I Threes consisted of Bob Marley's wife Rita Marley, Judy Mowattand Marcia Griffiths.
Livingston believed that producer Chris Blackwell, whom he called "Chris Whiteworst", was responsible for the bad relationship between the band members, as he thought Blackwell released their albums under "Bob Marley and the Wailers" instead of "the Wailers" since 1969, which tested their friendship. Perry released two compilation albums forTrojan Records in 1974, Rasta Revolution and African Herbsman, which contained songs from Soul Rebels and Soul Revolution, respectively, and he was the copyright holder of several songs from these albums. These changes caused a major dispute between Marley and Perry, when the former saw the albums, six months after their publication, in theHalf Way Road in England.
Bob Marley and the Wailers, Peter Tosh, and Bunny Wailer all enjoyed considerable success as reggae music continued to gain popularity during the 1970s and 1980s. One of the last performances that included Marley was in 1980 at Madison Square Garden. Several of the group's members have died subsequent to Marley's death in 1981: Carlton Barrett and Tosh in 1987, Braithwaite in 1999, and Smith in 2008. Bunny Wailer and Beverley Kelso are the only surviving members of the group's original line-up.
List of Bob Marley and the Wailers band members
Bob Marley – guitar, lead vocals (1963–1981)
Peter Tosh – guitar, keyboard, vocals (1963–1974)
Bunny Wailer – percussion, vocals (1963–1974)
Junior Braithwaite – vocals (1963–1964)
Cherry Smith – backing vocals (1963–1966)
Beverley Kelso – backing vocals (1963–1965)
Constantine Walker – backing vocals (1966–1967)
Aston Barrett – bass (1970–1981)
Carlton Barrett – drums, percussion (1970–1981)
Earl Lindo – keyboards (1973, 1978–1981)
Tyrone Downie – keyboards, percussion, backing vocals (1974–1981)
Rita Marley – backing vocals (1974–1981)
Marcia Griffiths – backing vocals (1974–1981)
Judy Mowatt – backing vocals (1974–1981)
Al Anderson – guitar (1974–1975, 1978-1981)
Alvin Patterson – percussion (1975–1981)
Earl "Chinna" Smith – guitar (1975-1976)
Donald Kinsey – guitar (1975-1976)
Junior Marvin – guitar, backing vocals (1977–1981)
Main article: Bob Marley and the Wailers discography
A sample of the band's 1964 single "Simmer Down".
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The Wailing Wailers (1965)
Soul Rebels (1970)
Soul Revolution (1971)
The Best of The Wailers (1971)
Catch a Fire (1973)
Natty Dread (1974)
Rastaman Vibration (1976)
Apr–Jul 1973: Catch a Fire Tour (England, USA)
Oct–Nov 1973: Burnin' Tour (USA, England)
Jun–Jul 1975: Natty Dread Tour (USA, Canada, England)
Apr–Jul 1976: Rastaman Vibration Tour (USA, Canada, Germany, Sweden, Netherlands, France, England, Wales)
May–Jun 1977: Exodus Tour (France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, Denmark, England)
May–Aug 1978: Kaya Tour (USA, Canada, England, France, Spain, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium)
Apr–May 1979: Babylon by Bus Tour (Japan, New Zealand, Australia, Hawaii)
Oct 1979–Jan 1980: Survival Tour (USA, Canada, Trinidad/Tobago, Bahamas, Gabon, Zimbabwe)
May–Sep 1980: Uprising Tour (Switzerland, Germany, France, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Ireland, England, Scotland, Wales, USA)