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Thursday, 28 March 2013

BLACK SOCIAL HISTORY : THE POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY OF LYNCHING OF BLACK PEOPLE AND POOR WHITES IN THE SOUTHERN UNITED STATES :

Lynching - the practice  of killing people by extra judicial mob action, occurred in the United States chiefly from the late 18th century through the 196o's. Lynching took place most frequently in the Southern United States from 190 to 1920 with a peak in the annual toll in 1892. How ever lynching were also very common in the old west. It is associated with re-imposition of white supremacy in the south after the civil war. The U.S. Constitutional Rights to Freedmen in the Reconstruction era 185 - 1877 around anxieties among American citizens who came to blame African American  for there war time hardship, economic loss, and forfeiture of social privilege. Rights, were some Black American and white active in the pursuit of integration rights, were some times lynched in the south during reconstruction, lynching reached a peak in the late 19th and early 20th centuries when southern states changed their constitution and electoral rules to disenfranchise blacks and having regained political power, enacted a series of segregation and Jim Crow Laws to re-established white supremacy.

Notable Lynchings of integration rights, workers during the 1960's in Mississippi contributed to galvanizing poblic support for the civil rights movements and civil rights legislation. Between 1882 and 1968 a record 3446 African American and 1299 whites were lynched in Southern States. The Southern States created New Constitution between 1890 and 1910 with provisions that effectively disfranchised most African American as well as poor whites. People who did not vote were excluded from serving on juries, and most blacks were shut out of the political system.